Corpus allatum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Corpora allata)
Jump to: navigation, search

The corpus allatum (plural: corpora allata), in insect physiology, is an endocrine gland which generates juvenile hormone; as such, it plays a crucial role in metamorphosis. Surgical removal of the corpora allata (an allatectomy) can cause an immature larva to pupate at its next molt, resulting in a miniature adult.[1] Similarly, transplantation of corpora allata from a young larva to a fully mature larva can greatly extend the larval stage, resulting in an equivalent to gigantism.[2]

In many Diptera species, the corpus allatum is fused with the corpus cardiacum, forming a "ring gland", also known as Weismann's ring.[3]

In Lepidoptera species, the corpus allatum acts as a release site for prothoracicotropic hormone which is generated by the brain.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vitamins and Hormones: v. 14: Advances in Research and Applications, edited by Richard Harris, 1956, from Elsevier
  2. ^ Insect Hormones at John W. Kimball's Biology-Pages.info
  3. ^ THE HOMOLOGIES OF THE RING GLAND OF DIPTERA BRACHYCERA, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Volume 36, Number 1, March 1943 , pp. 1-10, by M.F. Day
  4. ^ Insect Hormones, page 13, by H. Fredrik Nijhout, 1994, Princeton University Press