Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard

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Corps of the Port Captaincies
Coast Guard
Guardia Costiera.svg
Racing stripe of the Italian Coast Guard
Active 1865 - Present
Country Italy
Branch Italian Navy
Type coast guard
Size 11,000
Headquarters Roma, viale dell'Arte, 16
Patron Saint Barbara
Motto Latin: Omnia vincit animus
Anniversaries July 20 - foundation day
Commanders
comandante generale ammiraglio ispettore capo
Felicio Angrisano
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Italy.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Italy.svg-Naval Jack of Italy (verso).svg
Italian Navy
coat of arms
CoA Marina Militare Italiana.svg
Italian SAR area and MRSC areas.

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard (Italian language: Corpo delle Capitanerie di porto - Guardia costiera) is the coast guard of Italy and is part of the Italian Navy under the control of the Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports. In Italy, it is commonly known as simply the Guardia costiera. Its head office is in Rome.[1]

Missions[edit]

The missions of the Italian Coast Guard include:

History[edit]

The Italian Coast Guard is the operational SAR branch of the Corpo delle Capitanerie di Porto or Corps of the Port Captaincies, which was organized first by royal decree in 1865. It was reorganized as part of the Regia Marina in 1915 (since 1946 as Marina Militare) and on June 8, 1989, redesignated as Guardia costiera.

Structure and organization[edit]

Structure[edit]

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard is structured as follows:

  • 1 MARICOGECAP - Port Captaincies General Headquarters - Comando generale, which functions of Italian Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre (IMRCC)
  • 15 DIREZIOMARE - Maritime Directorates - Direzioni marittime, which are at the head of as many Maritime Rescue Sub-Centre Commands (MRSC)
  • 54 COMPAMARE - Maritime Compartments / Captaincies of Port - Compartimenti marittimi / Capitanerie di porto
  • 48 CIRCOMARE - Maritime District Offices - Uffici circondariali marittimi
  • 132 LOCAMARE - Local Maritime Offices - Uffici locali marittimi
  • 60 DELEMARE - Maritime Delegations or Beach Delegations - Delegazioni marittime or Delegazioni di spiaggia

Moreover the following services are also part of the Corps:

Tasks[edit]

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard is a Corps of the Italian Navy that has tasks and functions connected mostly to the civil use of the sea and with functional dependence of various ministries that avail themselves on their work: first of all the Ministero dei trasporti (Ministry for Transports) which has "inherited" in 1994, from the Ministry of the Merchant Navy, the major part of the functions connected to the use of the sea and the connected activities with the commercial and pleasure navigation a on whose budget weighs the costs for the running of the corps.

The principal tasks of the Corps activities are the following:

  • Search and rescue at sea (SAR) with the entire organization of co-ordination, control, detection and communications active for 24 hours a day requested by this activity;
  • Safety of navigation, with systematic investigative controls on the entire national mercantile, fishing and pleasure shipping, through the activity of Port State Control, also on the foreign mercantile shipping that calling at the national ports;
  • Protection of the marine environment, with functional dependence of the Ministero dell'ambiente e della tutela del territorio (Ministry for the Environment), using for this aim also resources (operations' centers, aeronaval crafts, naval traffic control systems) already used for tasks of rescue, safety of navigation, and maritime police;
  • Control on maritime fishery, with functional dependence on the Ministero per le politiche argicole e forestali (Ministry of Agriculture): at this end the general command is the responsible authority of the National Fishing Control Center and the Captancies carry out the controls prescribed by the national and community norms on the entire fishing fleet;
  • Peripheral administration of State functions in the matters of formation of the maritime personnel, of registration of the mercantile and fishing shipping, of pleasure shipping, and of the contentious for those maritime crimes that have been de-penalized;
  • Maritime police (namely technical-administrative maritime police), including the discipline of maritime navigation and the regulation of the events that are carried out in the maritime areas that fall under the national sovereignty, the control of the maritime traffic, the manoeuvre of the ships and the safety in the ports, inquiries on the maritime accidents, the control on the maritime State property, the testing and periodic inspections of coastal deposits and other hazardous installations.

Other functions are carried out for the Ministries of defence (enrollment of the military personnel), for Cultural Activities and Treasures (underwater archaeology), of internal affairs (anti-illegal immigration), of Justice and the department of civil protection, all having as a common denominator the sea and navigation. The broadness and the variety of activities carried out present the Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard as an organism of reference for the maritime activities and make of them a true "sole counter" for the relations with the seafarers. The Corps is represented in a highly specialized structure, as well under the administrative profile as under the technical-operational one, for the completing of the Public functions that are carried out in the maritime spaces of national interest. These spaces include 155 000 km² of maritime waters, internal and territorial, which are in every respect part of the national territory, and other 350 000 km² of waters on which Italy has exclusive rights (exploitation of the depths resources) or duties (rescue in sea and safeguard of the marine environment): a number of marine areas whose extension is almost the double of the entire national territory, which as it is known amounts to 301 000 km². Following the tendency that is affirming itself in Europe, the maritime authority - coast guard must exercise an effective control in sea for the safeguard of human life, for the safety of navigation, for the correct going on of the economic activities (fishing and exploitation of the continental platform) and for the protection of the marine environment.

The Italian Marine Casualty Investigation Central Board (MCICB Commissione centrale di indagine sui sinistri marittimi, CCISM),[2][3] a division of the Corps, investigates maritime accidents and incidents.[4] It is not an independent maritime accident investigation unit.[2]

Insignia[edit]

Like related coast guards around the world, the Guardia Costiera uses "The Stripe" on its vessels. This marking is in the national colors, with a narrow green band, a narrow white spacing, and a broad red band. Inside the red band is a white circle with a black anchor.

Ships [5][edit]

Patrol Boats[edit]

Class Picture Origin Boats Displacement Length Max
speed
knots
Note
Patrol vessels
Luigi Dattilo Italy CP 940 Luigi Dattilo[6]
CP 941 Ubaldo Diciotti
3600 tonnes 94,5 18 Commissioned 30.9.2013 [7]
Commissioned 20.3.2014 [8]
Bruno Gregoretti Italy CP 920 Bruno Gregoretti [9] 2153 tonnes 62,51 m 15 Commissioned 2014
Saettia Mark I CP-902-Aug2008.jpg Italy CP 901 Saettia[10] [11] 391 tonnes 51,7 m 35 Commissioned 20.7.1999
armed with 1 x OTO Melara KBA 25/80 mm
Saettia Mark II [12] Pattugliatori Corsi e Fiorillo.jpg Italy CP 904 Fiorillo Michele
CP 905 Peluso Alfredo
CP 906 Corsi Oreste [13]
427 tonnes 52,8 m 32 Armed with 1 x Oerlikon 20/70 mm
CP 904 commissioned 1.2003
CP 905 commissioned 3.7.2003
CP 906 commissioned 8.1.2004
CP902 Ubaldo Diciotti and CP 903 Luigi Dattilo delivered to Panama between 2013/2014

Small Patrol Boats[edit]

Class Picture Origin Boats Displacement Length Max
speed
knots
Note
Small patrol vessels (9 in Service)
Ingianni Ingianni.jpg Italy CP 409 Ingianni [14] 205 tonnes 34,50 m 21 Commissioned 13.6.1992
Mazzinghi Mazzinghi (CP-405).jpg Italy CP 405 Mazzinghi
CP 406 Scialoja
CP 407 Lolini
CP 408 Grabar[15]
136 tonnes 29,50 m 22 Commissioned 1988/1990
Cavallari [16] Italy CP 401 Oreste Cavallari
CP 402 Pennetti
CP 403 Fachin
CP 404 Magliano[17]
130 t 28,6 m 22 Commissioned in 1989/1990

Motorboats[edit]

Class Picture Type Boats Displacement Length Max
speed
knots
Note
Motorboats
CP 313 CP-313.jpg Italy CP 313
Dante Novaro [18]
57 t 22,85 m 21 Commissioned in 1977
CP 265 AGA
(extended range) [19]
CP 290.jpg


Classe 200S Cartagena.JPG
Italy CP 265
CP 267-269
CP 271
CP 273-274
CP 276-278
CP 280-293
53 t 25 m 34 28 Commissioned between 2001/2005
Then CP 293 Commissioned in 2014
4 delivered in may 2012 to Panama as:
- PC 220 "Presidente Guillermo Endara"
- PC 221 "Presidente Ernesto P. Balladares"
- PC 222 "Presidente Mireya Moscoso"
- PC 223 "Presidente Martín Torrijos"
CP 301
Ammiraglio Francese
[20]
CP 302.jpg Italy CP 301
CP 305-311
CP 316-317
CP 319
CP 321-325
30,5 t 18,8 m 30 25 commissioned between 2009/2014
CP 262 [21] Italy 4 in service:
CP 261-264
30 t 16,4 m 30 5 Commissioned in 2000
CP 256 [22] Italy CP 256 20,75/23,7 t 16 m 33 3 commissioned in 1985 (CP 256-258)
CP 456 [23] Italy CP 454-456 19,4 t 16,4 m 26 Ambulance ships commissioned 1996/1999
CP 458 Italy Motorboat
CP 2000 [24] Nave scuola Palinuro e MV CP 2076.jpg Italy United Kingdom CP 2011
CP 2056
CP 2068
CP 2072-2074
CP 2081-2083
8,9/15 t 12,31/13,7 m 20/24 83 Commissioned between 1971/1985
CP 2084 [25] CP 2086.jpg Italy United Kingdom CP 2084-2103 11,7 t 13,5 m 23,4 20 Commissioned in 2001/2003
CP 2104 [26] Italy CP 2104-2117 11,7/14,23 t 13,5 m 22 14 Commissioned in 2005/2008
CP 2201 [27] CP2201.jpg Italy CP 2201-2005 15 t 12,57 m 20 5 Commissioned in 1986
CP 2301 Italy CP 2301 Commissioned in 2013
CP 512 [28] CP-534.jpg Italy CP 512 CP 512/585 7,5 t 9,73 m 34 74 Commissioned since 1997 to 2010
CP 601 [29] CP 602.jpg Italy CP 601-612 15,35 t 11,43 m 43 12 commissioned between 2006/2010
CP 701 [30] Italy CP 701-712
6 t 9,6 m 30 12 commissioned
CP 713 [31] Italy CP 713-720[32] 6,72 t 10,2 m 45 8 Commissioned by Arimar between 2012/2013
CP 734 Italy CP 734-735 2 Commissioned in 2014
CP 760 Italy CP 760-765 5 Commissioned in 2014
CP 801 [33] Collision of Costa Concordia 31.jpg Italy CP 801-813 9,1 t 10,6 m 30 13 commissioned between 1992/1996
CP 814 [34] Motovedette Capitaneria di porto.jpg Italy CP 814-824 12,5 t 11,85 m 32 11 commissioned between 1996/1997
CP 825 [35] Motovedetta CP 885.jpg Italy CP 825-828
CP 832-835
CP 839-862
CP 872-881
CP 884-892
12 t 12,73 m 30 52 commissioned between 1999/2002
CP 829
Giubileo [36]
Guardia Costiera a Fiumicino.jpg Italy CP 829-831
CP 836-838
12 t 12,73 m 30 6 Commissioned in 2000

Rigid-hulled inflatable boats[edit]

Class Picture Type Boats Displacement Length Max
speed
knots
Note
Rigid-hulled inflatable boats (212 in Service)
GC ... GC 142.jpg 184 hulls
GC A01 28 hulls:
GC A01-A15
GC A41-A45
GC A56-A66
4,091 t 9,23 38
GC B01 Arimar

Support vessels[edit]

Class Picture Type Boats Displacement Length Max
speed
knots
Note
Support vessels
CP 16
Gabbiano Altomare C21[37]
CP 16 (for sale on 7.9.2014 [38]) 19 t 12 m anti pollution vessel
CP 16-19 commissioned in 1979
CP 122 [39] CP 122 Status ?
USS Bannock (AT-81/ATF-81) Training vessel CP 451 Bannock [40][41] [42] 1,646 t 62,56 m 16 Launched 7.1.1943 as USS Bannock
Commissioned in first '90 years
Retired in 2001 but maybe used too
Survey vessel CP 452 Barbara [43] [44] Status ?
Survey motorboat CP 453 [45] Status ?

Aircrafts & Helicopters[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Picture Versions In service [46] Notes
AgustaWestland AW139 Italy search and rescue Guardia Costiera AW139.jpg AW139 4 MM81741 11-01 (cn 31293)
MM81747 11-02 (cn 31303)
MM81748 11-03 (cn 31313)
MM81749 11-04 (cn 31329)
Agusta-Bell AB412 Italy search and rescue AB-412 CP "Koala".jpg Delivered 4 AB412SP and 6 AB412HP 9 AB412SP:
MM81382 9-01 (cn 25616)
MM81383 9-02 (cn 25627)
MM81384 9-03 (cn 25628)
MM81385 9-04 (cn 25639)
AB412HP:
MM81473 9-05 (cn 25718)
MM81474 9-06 (cn 25719)
MM81476 9-08 (cn 25721)
MM81511 9-09 (cn 25722)
MM81512 9-10 (cn 25723)
Piaggio P.166 Italy maritime patrol Piaggio P.166 DL 3 Italian Coast Guard.JPG P.166DL3 2 Delivered 2 P-166 and 12 P-166DL3
Piaggio P.180 Italy maritime patrol MM62211 (8492432376).jpg P.180 Avanti II 1 MM62274 12-01 (cn 1205)
ATR 42 Italy
France
maritime patrol ATR 42-500 Guardia Costiera (Italy Air Force - Aeronautica Militare Italiana) MM62270 - MSN 803 - 10-03 (5473247271).jpg ATR42MP 3 ATR42-420MP:
MM62170 10-01 (cn 466)
MM62171 10-02 (cn 615)
ATR42-500MP:
MM62270 10-03 (cn 803)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contatti.guardiacostiera.it." Corps of the Port Captaincies - Coast Guard. Retrieved on 16 February 2012. "Viale dell'Arte, 16 00144 Roma"
  2. ^ a b "Italy’s Costa Concordia investigation report still not released." (Alternate location, Archive) Lloyd's List. Friday 11 January 2013. Retrieved on 4 May 2013. "THE Italian Marine Casualty Investigation Central Board, the body charged with the technical investigation into the Costa Concordia casualty, has been roundly criticised for failing to produce a final report within 12 months of the incident. This highlights the difficulty that the..." and "In early 2012 the commission set out the regulatory framework for each European Union member state to create its own independent maritime accident investigation unit. However, Italy did not have such a unit, which left the responsibility in the case of Costa Concordia with the flag state."
  3. ^ "Circolare N. 23 Prot. 00058884/Sic.Nav./Sinistri del 08/08/2001." (Archive) Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports. Retrieved on 4 May 2013. "Comando Generale delle Capitanerie di Porto Commissione centrale di indagine sui sinistri marittimi Viale dell'Arte, 16 – 00144 ROMA"
  4. ^ "Organizzazione." Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard. Retrieved on January 22, 2012. "Polizia marittima (cioè polizia tecnico-amministrativa marittima), comprendente la disciplina della navigazione marittima e la regolamentazione di eventi che si svolgono negli spazi marittimi soggetti alla sovranità nazionale, il controllo del traffico marittimo, la manovra delle navi e la sicurezza nei porti, le inchieste sui sinistri marittimi, il controllo del demanio marittimo, i collaudi e le ispezioni periodiche di depositi costieri e di altri impianti pericolosi."
  5. ^ http://www.marina.difesa.it/documentazione/traffico_mercantile/Documents/SMM2_06_08_2014.pdf%7C update to 6.8.2014
  6. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=25
  7. ^ http://www.ship2shore.it/it/shipping/fincantieri-consegna-la-luigi-dattilo-alla-guardia-costiera_53701.htm
  8. ^ http://www.stabiachannel.it/news/index.asp?idnews=43970#
  9. ^ http://www.raffaelestaiano.com/supply_vessel_cp_920_-_bruno_gregoretti.html
  10. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=20
  11. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#901
  12. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#904
  13. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=21
  14. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=11
  15. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=10
  16. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#401
  17. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/scheda.cfm?id=9
  18. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#313
  19. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#265
  20. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#301_1
  21. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#262
  22. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#256
  23. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#454
  24. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#2001
  25. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#2084
  26. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#2084
  27. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#2201
  28. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#512
  29. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#606
  30. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#701
  31. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#713
  32. ^ http://toplookmagazine.blogspot.it/2014/08/le-motovedette-arimar-classe-700-della.html
  33. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#801
  34. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#814
  35. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#825
  36. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#829
  37. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#16
  38. ^ http://www.agenziademanio.it/export/download/demanio/2004_09_02-AvvisoGaraBeniMobiliGorizia.pdf
  39. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#122
  40. ^ http://www.sicurezzaesoccorso.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pid=23280&fullsize=1
  41. ^ http://www.naviecapitani.it/gallerie%20navi/Polizia%20e%20sicurezza/scheda/guardia%20costiera/Italia/CP%20451%20-%20Bannok.htm
  42. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#451
  43. ^ http://www.sicurezzaesoccorso.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pid=23279&fullsize=1
  44. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#452
  45. ^ http://navyworld.narod.ru/CP.htm#453
  46. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.it/mezzi/

External links[edit]