Corruption in Bangladesh

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Corruption in Bangladesh has been a continuing problem with the country being ranked as the most corrupt country for the year 2005 in the list published by Transparency International.[1]

The country's ranking on the same list for the years 2011 and 2012 is 120[2] and 144[3] respectively.

History[edit]

Politics[edit]

ADB lost much money due to corruption in Dhaka WASA, DWSSDP In different projects. ADB and Dwasa management needs to focus on the corruptions happening with different projects specially in the function of purchasing. Just to refer that in the procurement of regular valve purchasing under DWSSDP, package ICB 04.5 total 07 bidders submitted their bids, out of the seven only One Chinese company is going to be awarded whose price is almost 10-20% higher than some European companies, many potential bidders from Turkey, Denmark, Italy, etc. had been directly technically forced to be disqualified without asking for any Clarifications. PMU and TEC asked clarification from 03 bidders. It Is informed that in two stages clarification have been asked which PMU can not ask as it is material deviation as per ITB. The evaluation process is partial and presettled.Even the Chinese company which is going to be awarded has submitted one clarification after the mentioned deadline. PMU arranged and received the clarification from that specific bidder after the deadline showing the mentioned date in the opening of clarification.There is an unexpected corruption is going to be held in this procurement. Only one bidder is technically responsivefor its financial offer which has been manipulated by PMU concerned of procurement experts of DMC in favor of the Chinese company with largerprice.PMU and DMC concerned are involved in this corruption which costing ADB not less than 150,000 USD.

Bureaucracy[edit]

Land and property[edit]

Companies report that they are subjected to costly and unnecessary licence and permit requirements, while e-governance is not yet developed in Bangladesh. Face-to-face encounters with public officials are therefore inevitable and facilitate the solicitation of bribes.[4]

Tendering processes and awarding contracts[edit]

Reports of corruption in the awarding of public and private tenders are frequent. Collusion between political leaders and bureaucrats in public contracting occurs in favour of particular bidders.[5]

Medicine[edit]

Claimed trends[edit]

Science and technology[edit]

Income tax department[edit]

Black money[edit]

ADB is losing much money due to corruption in Dhaka WASA, DWSSDP with different projects. ADB and Dwasa management needs to focus on the corruption happening with different projects, specially purchasing. Just to refer that in the procurement of regular valve purchasing under DWSSDP,package ICB 04.5 total 07 bidders submitted their bids, out of the seven only One Chinese company is going to be awarded whose price is almost 10-20% higher than some European companies, many potential bidders from turkey, Denmark, Italy etc. had been directly technically forced to be disqualified without asking for any Clarifications. PMU and TEC asked clarification from 03 bidders. It Is informed that in two stages clarification have been asked which PMU can not ask as it is material deviation as per ITB. The evaluation process is partial and presettled.Even the Chinese company which is going to be awarded has submitted one clarification after the mentioned deadline. PMU arranged and received the clarification from that specific bidder after the deadline showing the mentioned date in the opening of clarification.There is an unexpected corruption is going to be held in this procurement. Only one bidder is technically responsivefor its financial offer which has been manipulated by PMU concerned of procurement experts of DMC in favor of the Chinese company with largerprice.PMU and DMC concerned are involved in this corruption which costing ADB not less than 150,000 USD.

Black Money in Abroad[edit]

The political corruption is a known matter at Bangladesh.

Judiciary[edit]

Armed forces[edit]

Right to Information Act[edit]

Anti-Corruption Laws in Bangladesh[edit]

Anti-corruption organisations[edit]

Causes of corruption[edit]

Cases of corruption are basically rooted deep in the political culture of Bangladesh and also due to the mass psychology under this type of political rule.

Vintage Colonial Era Legal System[edit]

Criminal and Civil laws of Bangladesh are, as are so many other subcontinent countries' legal systems, based on that of the previous colonial power, Great Britain. To cope with constant change in the socio-economic aspects of the life of the people in the region, almost all countries established law commissions. Probably, the most active of them is Indian Law Commission which boasts with the formation of twenty commissions after the partition. Bangladesh is one of the most inconsistent countries in the subcontinent to have active Law Commissions. The law commissions were not formed regularly, the reports submitted by the commission did not receive enough attention by the governments and consequently the country runs on a frail legal system which is characterized by delay in the trial and hearing, faulty investigation, wrong verdicts and so on.

Faulty Democratic system[edit]

Bangladesh is a Unitary State which runs on a Parliamentary Democracy. There are no provinces or federal subjects. And, also the parliament is Unicameral. When a political party wins a majority in parliament, there is nothing to bar them from passing legislation that only benefits the party itself. Most national decisions are taken unilaterally by the ruling party and the opposition is mostly never paid heed to. As a result, the opposition mostly keep them absent from the parliament or walks out from the parliamentary debate.

The President is a figurehead that is selected by the ruling party from the pool of their politicians, usually most senior or retired. Although every bill passed by the parliament need president's consent to become a law, if the parliament keep sending the bill to the president for a ratification more than two times and president still refuse to sign the it, it automatically becomes a law.

Absence of Practical Separation of Power[edit]

Many of the accountability and policy setting governmental institutions, such as Election Commission, Anti-Corruption Commission, Human Rights Commission, public universities, and, regulation of the state media is controlled by the political party in power. The ruling party generally dismisses

Absence of Role Model[edit]

One Mahathir Mohammad or Nelson Mandella were enough to change the face of Malaysia or South Africa. This has never been seen in Bangladesh.

Politics[edit]

The purpose of politics in Bangladesh seem to be purely aimed at personal gain. Politicians invest much money to win the elections and target then manage the operation of government during their tenure to recoup the expenditure. Many Bangladesh politicians are retired bureaucrats, military officials and businessmen. Businessmen enter politics to control their business territory and to achieve favor from the political parties. Alternatively, when politicians see favorable condition, they start a business.

Politicians always put their political agenda in front of the national agenda and in some cases national agenda never make them to the discussion tables. Cabinet members spend substantial amount of time in party politics, their own businesses and negotiating with the lobbyists. They even use national resources to aid their business activity.

Student Politics is another aspect of Bangladeshi politics which is continuously putting stress on the image of Bangladesh. Though not as high as 80s, student politics of Bangladesh is often reactive, confrontational and violent. Several student organizations act as the armament of the political parties they are part of. So every now and then there are affrays and commotions. To check those hitches universities have no options but go to lengthy and unexpected closures. So classes are not completed on time and there are session jams. Probably, the most crucial aspect of student politics is violence, crime, extortion and tender.

Incompetent Administration[edit]

Members of any civil organization or department is affiliated with any of the political parties and act accordingly. Any government organization is polarized into ruling and opposition parties.

Virtually Non-existent Civic Society[edit]

Bangladeshi people are predominately illiterate, uneducated and lack civic responsibility for the country and people. It is very natural for anybody to pass different opinions when sitting in a meeting to decide something. Mass population has disregard for common law and order or the land. For instance, it is a common phenomenon among the drivers to violate traffic signals, driving along reverse lanes of the roads or foot-paths, stopping vehicles in crucial positions of the roads.

Effects of corruption[edit]

Economic Concerns[edit]

ADB is losing much of money cause of Corruption In Dhaka WASA, DWSSDP In different projects. ADB and Dwasa management needs to focus on the corruptions going on different projects specially different purchasing. Just to refer that in the procurement of regular valve purchasing under DWSSDP,package ICB 04.5 total 07 bidders submitted their bids, out of the seven only One Chinese company is going to be awarded whose price is almost 10-20% higher than some European companies, many potential bidders from turkey, Denmark, Italy etc. had been directly technically forced to be disqualified without asking for any Clarifications. PMU and TEC asked clarification from 03 bidders. It Is informed that in two stages clarification have been asked which PMU can not ask as it is material deviation as per ITB. The evaluation process is partial and presettled.Even the Chinese company which is going to be awarded has submitted one clarification after the mentioned deadline. PMU arranged and received the clarification from that specific bidder after the deadline showing the mentioned date in the opening of clarification.There is an unexpected corruption is going to be held in this procurement. Only one bidder is technically responsivefor its financial offer which has been manipulated by PMU concerned of procurement experts of DMC in favor of the Chinese company with largerprice.PMU and DMC concerned are involved in this corruption which costing ADB not less than 150,000 USD.

Lower corruption, higher growth rates===

Anti Corruption Commission[edit]

Anti Corruption Commission Bangladesh (Bengali: দুর্নীতি দমন কমিশন) often abbreviated: ACC (Bengali: দুদক) was formed through an act promulgated on 23 February 2004 that into force on 9 May 2004. Although initially, it could not make the desired impact, but immediately following its reconstitution in February 2007, the ACC began working with renewed vigor and impetus duly acceding to the United Nations' convention against corruption that was adopted by the General Assembly away back on 31 October 2003.[6]

The Anti-Corruption Commission of Bangladesh is crippled by the 2013 amendment of the Anti Corruption Commission Act: 2013 changes in the act makes it necessary for the commission obtain the permission from the government to investigate or file any charge against government bureaucrats or politicians.

Transparency International Bangladesh[edit]

Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) is a non-governmental organization that monitors and publicizes corporate and political corruption in Bangladesh.[7] It has elaborate research and advocacy programmes for policy change and institutional reform for creating conditions for reducing corruption and promoting good governance in Bangladesh.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bangladesh tops most corrupt list". BBC News. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2011". Transparency International. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2012". Transparency International. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Snapshot of the Bangladesh Country Profile from Business Anti-Corruption Portal
  5. ^ "Snapshot of the Bangladesh Country Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  6. ^ http://http//www.acc.org.bd//
  7. ^ http://www.ti-bangladesh.org/
  8. ^ http://www.ti-bangladesh.org/