Corruption in Sweden

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Corruption in Sweden has been defined as "the abuse of power" by Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå). By receiving bribes, bribe takers abuse their position of power, which is consistent with how the National Anti-Corruption Unit of the Swedish Prosecution Authority specifies the term. Although bribes and improper rewards are central in the definition of corruption in Sweden, corruption in the sense of "abuse of power" can also manifest itself in other crimes such as misuse of office, embezzlement, fraud and breach of trust against a principal.[1]

Legal definition[edit]

The provisions on bribery and taking a bribe are found in Chapter 10 of the Swedish Penal Code. Bribe giving is the criminal act of giving, promising or offering or receiving, accepting a promise of or demanding an improper reward, for the performance of duties. Anything of direct or indirect value to the recipient can be considered an improper reward. The provisions on taking a bribe and giving a bribe are applicable both within the public and the private sector. They are also applicable on acts of bribery committed abroad or if the persons involved are foreign, provided that the acts of bribery are subject to the jurisdiction of Swedish courts.[1][2]

Level of corruption[edit]

The level of corruption in Sweden is very low, according to a 2011 pan-European study by Transparency International.[3][Note 1] The legal and institutional framework in Sweden are considered effective in fighting against corruption, and the government agencies are characterized by a high degree of transparency, integrity and accountability.[4] However, there are some municipal cases showing signs of irregular public procurement procedures between public and private actors.[5]

The number of cases reported, prosecuted and the number of convictions have been stable over time, according to a 2013 study by Brå. The study found that corruption in Sweden can mostly be described as being simple in nature, in that most cases involve smaller amounts, conference travel, dining and such.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. 1 See also Corruption Perceptions Index

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Reported Corruption in Sweden". Brå. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Svenska Brottsbalken - 10 kap. 5b §" (in Swedish). lagen.nu. 
  3. ^ "Motståndskraft, oberoende, integritet – kan det svenska samhället stå emot korruption?". Transparency International Sweden. Transparency International Sweden. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Snapshot of the Sweden Country Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. GAN Integrity Solutions. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Motståndskraft, oberoende, integritet – kan det svenska samhället stå emot korruption?". Transparency International Sweden. Transparency International Sweden. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 

External links[edit]