Cortaderia

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Cortaderia
Cortaderia selloana0.jpg
Cortaderia selloana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Danthonioideae
Tribe: Danthonieae
Genus: Cortaderia
Stapf[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Kampmannia Steud.
Moorea Lem.[1]

Cortaderia is a genus of grasses in the family Poaceae. Members of the genus are native to South America (15-20 species) and New Guinea (one species).[2][3] The name of the genus is derived from the Argentine Spanish word cortadera, which in turn refers to the sharp serrations on the leaves.[4] Cortaderia jubata and C. rudiuscula produce copious seed asexually.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Cultivation[edit]

The species of Cortaderia are imposing tall grasses growing 1.5–3 m tall, with graceful white inflorescence plumes. They are in widespread use as ornamental plants in horticultural use. The common name pampas grass, though strictly referring to C. selloana, is frequently applied to all species in the genus (and sometimes also to species of Erianthus and Saccharum ravennae).

Some species, notably C. selloana, C. jubata and C. rudiuscula, have become invasive species in a number of areas, including New Zealand, Hawaii, and regions with a Mediterranean climate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Cortaderia Stapf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  2. ^ Connor HE (1973). "Breeding Systems in Cortaderia (Gramineae)". Evolution 27 (4): 663–678. doi:10.2307/2407199. JSTOR 2407199. 
  3. ^ Connor HE (1983). "Names and Types in Cortaderia Stapf (Gramineae) II". Taxon 32 (4): 633–634. doi:10.2307/1221742. JSTOR 1221742. 
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 522. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5. 
  5. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Cortaderia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-26.