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Cortex (Latin: "bark", "rind", "shell" or "husk") may refer to:



  • Cell cortex, the region proximal to the cell surface, i.e. directly underneath the cell membrane
  • the Renal cortex, the outer portion of the kidney
  • the Adrenal cortex, the portion of the Adrenal gland responsible for the production of cortisol and aldosterone

The brain[edit]

  • the Cerebral cortex, the outer layer of the vertebrate cerebrum, part of which is the forebrain
    • the Motor cortex, the regions of the cerebral cortex involved in voluntary motor functions
    • the Prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain
    • the Visual cortex, regions of the cerebral cortex involved in visual functions
  • the Cerebellar cortex, the outer layer of the vertebrate cerebellum


  • Cortex (journal), a scientific journal founded in 1964 and produced by Masson Publishing


Video games[edit]


See also[edit]

  • Cordtex (explosive cord), a type of detonating cord generally used in mining. It uses an explosive core of pentaerythritol tetranitrate which is inside its plastic coating
  • Cortex Command, a 2-dimensional side-scrolling action game developed by Data Realms

See also[edit]

  • Cortex Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical company based in Irvine, California specializing in positive allosteric modulators of the AMPA receptor known as Ampakines
  • Cortical Tectonics, the third studio album by American progressive metal band Canvas Solaris. It was released in 2007
  • Cortical area, a part of the cerebral cortex
  • Cortical blindness, the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the visual area in the brain's occipital cortex
  • Cortical bone, one of the two types of osseous tissue that form bones
  • Cortical bundle
  • Cortical cooling, refers to the cooling methods restricted to the cerebral cortex, where most higher brain processes occur
  • Cortical cords, structures that develop from sex cords in the female. After further development they become the ovarian follicles
  • Cortical dysplasia, a congenital abnormality where the neurons in an area of the brain failed to migrate in the proper formation in utero
  • Cortical inheritance, structural inheritance was discovered by Tracy Sonneborn, and other researchers, during his study on protozoa in the late 1930s
  • Cortical lobule, a part of a renal lobe. It consists of the nephrons grouped around a single medullary ray, and draining into a single collecting duct
  • Cortical magnification, describes how many neurons in an area of the visual cortex are 'responsible' for processing a stimulus of a given size, as a function of visual field location
  • Cortical map, collections (areas) of minicolumns in the brain cortex that have been identified as performing a specific information processing function (texture maps, color maps, contour maps, etc.)
  • Cortical minicolumn, a vertical column through the cortical layers of the brain, comprising perhaps 80–120 neurons, except in the primate primary visual cortex (V1), where there are typically more than twice the number
  • Cortical pseudolaminar necrosis, the (uncontrolled) death of cells in (cerebral) cortex of the brain in a band-like pattern, with a relative preservation of cells immediately adjacent to the meninges
  • Cortical reaction, occurs when a sperm cell unites with the egg's plasma membrane, altering the zona pellucida which prevents other sperm from binding to and entering the egg
  • Cortical stimulation mapping, a type of electrocorticography which is used a method to determine the location in the brain where information of a certain kind is processed