|City of Cortez, Colorado|
|— City —|
|Montezuma County and the State of Colorado|
|State||State of Colorado|
|County||Montezuma County Seat|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Total||5.5 sq mi (14.3 km2)|
|• Land||5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||6,191 ft (1,887 m)|
|• Density||1,450.4/sq mi (557.8/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0179044|
|Website||City of Cortez|
In 1886, the town was built to provide housing for the men working on the tunnels and irrigation ditches required to divert water out of the Dolores River and into Montezuma Valley. The town was named for Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez.
The City of Cortez It is a popular stop for tourists, who stay there because of its central location among surrounding attractions, such as Mesa Verde National Park, Monument Valley, and the Four Corners.
Prehistoric sites 
- Hovenweep National Monument in southwest Colorado and southeastern Utah * +
- Lowry Ruin * +
- McElmo Drainage Unit (AD 1075-1300)
- Mesa Verde National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site * +
- Mitchell Springs Archeological Site, also known as the Mitchell Springs Ruin Group * +
- Mud Springs Pueblo * +
- Yucca House National Monument* +
Miracle at Cortez 
A Lockheed U-2 "Dragon Lady" reconnaissance aircraft made an emergency nighttime forced landing August 3, 1959, at the Cortez Municipal Airport almost nine months before Gary Powers was shot down over Russia. Major H. Mike Hua (now retired as General) was on a training flight originating at Laughlin AFB, Texas; the U-2 aircraft engine flamed out at 70,000 feet MSL. Maj. Hua established best glide and was able to navigate through a valley to a lighted airport that wasn't on his map nor did he know of its existence beforehand. The airport was the only one in the area with a lighted runway which was illuminated overnight. The aircraft in question, a U-2D, serial number 56-6721, is on display at Blackbird Airpark, adjacent to USAF Plant 42 at Palmdale, California. Major Hua was later awarded the U.S. Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross for his successful landing of the secret aircraft.
Cortez is located at (37.349270, -108.579225).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.36%) is water. Cortez is located in the area of the southwest known as the "High Desert", as are most of northwestern, western, southwestern, and southern Colorado.
Cortez is a local commercial center, competing with Durango in the east, and Farmington, New Mexico in the south, and draws trade from southeastern Utah, the extreme northeastern corner of Arizona, the Shiprock area of Northwestern New Mexico, and San Miquel, Dolores, Montezuma, and parts of LaPlata County in Colorado. Its economy is based very heavily on tourism, both to nearby Mesa Verde National Park as well as to San Juan National Forest, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands in the area (including Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, as well as the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe and Navajo Indian Reservations).
|Climate data for Cortez, Colorado (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||42.0
|Average low °F (°C)||14.3
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.96
|Snowfall inches (cm)||6.6
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,482 people, 3,590 households, and 2,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,449.9 people per square mile (560.0/km²). There were 3,885 housing units at an average density of 637.6 per square mile (246.3/km²). The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male (4,083) and 51.9% female (4,399). The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 0.4% African American, 11.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 6.04% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.30% of the population.
There were 3,590 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,776, and the median income for a family was $35,533. Males had a median income of $30,755 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,040. About 14.8% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.
Cortez Public Schools are part of the Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1. The district has one preschool, six elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. The educationial system is currently suffering a loss of 1.6% according to the Transitional Colorado Assesment Program.
Montezuma-Cortez RE-1 Pre-School, Kemper Elementary School, Lewis-Arriola Elementary School, Manaugh Elementary School, Mesa Elementary Schools, Pleasant View Elementary School, Cortez Middle School and Montezuma-Cortez High School are located in Cortez. The high school mascot is the Panthers.
Mary Rubadeau is the Interim Superintendent of Schools.
Cortez Municipal Airport serves Cortez.
See also 
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- William B. Ebbert, popular rancher and politician, represented Cortez in the Colorado General Assembly in early 20th century.
- Four Corners
- List of prehistoric sites in Colorado
- Mesa Verde National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Michael Milenski, Cortez native who was founder and general director of Long Beach Opera
- Old Spanish National Historic Trail
- San Juan Skyway National Scenic Byway
- Trail of the Ancients
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "History of Cortez". The City of Cortez. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
- "Profile for Cortez, Colorado, CO". ePodunk. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- National Register of Historic Places in Montezuma County, Colorado American Dreams, Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-7.
- National & State Registers. Colorado Historical Society, Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 10-7-2011.
- U-2 pilot will land again Former Air Force major will speak about 1959 landing in Cortez
- 50th Anniversary Night Forced Landing in Cortez, CO(Slideshow/video in both Chinese and English)
- Reprint newspaper clip of US Air Force Magazine's 1989 piece of Miracle at Cortez
- Drawing of the incident, published on Air Force Magazine, February 1989
- A Miracle At Cortez, Air Force Magazine, August 1989.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 04, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1". Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Cortez Fire Protection District
- City of Cortez website
- Miracle at Cortez U-2 Forced Landing