Cortinarius gentilis

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Cortinarius gentilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Cortinariaceae
Genus: Cortinarius
Species: C. gentilis
Binomial name
Cortinarius gentilis
(Fr.) Fr. (1838)
Synonyms[1]

Agaricus helvolus Pers. (1796)
Agaricus gentilis Fr. (1821)
Telamonia gentilis (Fr.) Wünsche (1877)
Lepiota helvola (Pers.) Gray (1821)
Hydrocybe helvola (Bull.) M.M.Moser (1953)

Cortinarius gentilis
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnexed
stipe has a cortina
spore print is reddish-brown
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: deadly

Cortinarius gentilis is a deadly fungus of the genus Cortinarius, normally found in North America and Europe.[2]

Toxicity[edit]

In a study in Finland, dried and homogenized C. gentilis and C. orenallus mushrooms were orally introduced into a rat. Both species caused renal damage only, the changes of which corresponded to tubulo-interstitial nephritis.[3] C. gentilis has been found to be nephrotoxic to rats.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cortinarius gentilis (Fr.) Fr. 1838". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  2. ^ Phillips R. "Cortinarius gentilis". Rogers Mushrooms. 
  3. ^ Möttönen, M; Nieminen, L; Heikkilä, H (Sep–Oct 1975). "Damage caused by two finnish mushrooms, Cortinarius speciosissimus and Cortinarius gentilis on the rat kidney.". Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. Section C: Biosciences 30 (5): 668–71. PMID 129997. 
  4. ^ Schumacher, Trond; Klaus Høiland (June 1983). "Mushroom poisoning caused by species of the genus Cortinarius fries". Archives of Toxicology 53 (2): 87–106. doi:10.1007/BF00302720. ISSN 1432-0738.