Cortlandt Street (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cortlandt Street
no regular service
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Cortlandt St station demolished.jpg
Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001 attacks
Station statistics
Address Cortlandt Street & Greenwich Street
New York, NY 10280
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′36″N 74°00′43″W / 40.710°N 74.012°W / 40.710; -74.012Coordinates: 40°42′36″N 74°00′43″W / 40.710°N 74.012°W / 40.710; -74.012
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services no regular service
Connection PATH: NWK–WTC and HOB–WTC trains at World Trade Center
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened July 1, 1918; 95 years ago (1918-07-01)
Closed September 11, 2001; 12 years ago (2001-09-11)
Former/other names Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 0[1] Steady 0%
Rank 421 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Chambers Street: no regular service
Next south Rector Street: no regular service

Cortlandt Street (also known as Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center) is a temporarily closed station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. The station was demolished after sustaining heavy damage during the September 11, 2001 attacks and is currently being reconstructed as a part of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Entrances/Exits
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platform level
Side platform, under construction
Northbound NYCS 1 does not stop here
NYCS 1 (under construction) toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Chambers Street)
Southbound NYCS 1 does not stop here →
NYCS 1 (under construction) toward South Ferry (Rector Street)
Side platform, under construction

The original station was originally located under Cortlandt and Greenwich streets, with a standard two side platform layout with two tracks.

History[edit]

The station was named after Cortlandt Street, which formerly ran east and west from Broadway to West Street in Lower Manhattan, nicknamed "Radio Row" because of the many electronics dealers on the street. The station was constructed and opened in 1918. It was originally located under Cortlandt and Greenwich streets, with a standard two side platform layout with two tracks and mosaic decorations by Squire J. Vickers depicting a ship.

In 1965, Cortlandt Street west of Church Street was demolished to create the superblock of the World Trade Center. The station, with entrances at Vesey Street and inside the World Trade Center concourse, was not particularly close to the remaining block of Cortlandt Street. The old tiling and mosaics disappeared and were replaced with 1970s-style tiles. One of the Vickers mosaics is preserved in the New York Transit Museum.

The station and the surrounding subway tunnels were severely damaged in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks from the collapse of Two World Trade Center, resulting in the closure of the line south of Chambers Street. The steel I-beams of the station were crumpled and the station roof began to collapse. To quickly restore service to Rector Street and South Ferry stations to the south, workers demolished the remainder of the station and built walls where the platforms used to be. About 1,000 feet (300 m) of tunnels and trackage, including 575 feet (175 m) of totally destroyed tunnels and tracks in the vicinity of the station site as it traversed Ground Zero, were entirely rebuilt. However, officials wanted only to reopen Rector and South Ferry stations at the time. The Cortlandt Street station was to be demolished and rebuilt as part of the greater World Trade Center reconstruction project.[2] The line reopened on September 15, 2002, with trains bypassing the site of the Cortlandt Street station.[3]

The northern entrance at Vesey Street was under a staircase to the plaza above.[4][5] After the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, the staircase still stood and became known as the Survivors' Staircase.[6] The stairs were moved into the National September 11th Museum in July 2008.[7]

In October 2008, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey stated in a report that it had come to an agreement with the MTA on reconstructing the Cortlandt Street station. The MTA would pay the Port Authority to rebuild the station as part of the Port Authority's World Trade Center Transportation Hub contract, in order to make the construction process more efficient. The Port Authority was set to complete underpinning and excavation under the tunnel structure by the second quarter of 2010, and start basic construction of the station during the 3rd quarter. Station finishes would start during the second quarter of 2011.[8]

In the 2010 – 2nd Quarter report, the Port Authority confirmed that excavation under the tunnel structure of the World Trade Center site was nearly complete, and that construction of the Cortlandt Street station would begin during the 3rd quarter of 2010.[9] As of September 2011, work continues on the station mezzanine and platforms, and the first partial opening is expected to take place in 2014.[10] The tracks are walled off for the protection of the workers while the construction is underway.

As of December 2013, the station is still being rebuilt.[11] As a result of the massive excavation in the World Trade Center site, the 1 train uses an enclosed elevated structure briefly when passing the site of the station, which is planned to partially open by 2014 at the earliest with a connection to the World Trade Center Transportation Hub and the Fulton Center.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ Kennedy, Randy (January 4, 2002). "Subway Line In Attack May Reopen Much Earlier". The New York Times (New York City: The New York Times). Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ Kennedy, Randy (September 17, 2002). "Tunnel Vision; With Station's Reopening, Even Commuters Smile". The New York Times (New York City: The New York Times). Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gh8v4PUImxI The entrance can be seen from 3:45 till 3:57.
  5. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLaBILFVppU The same entrance, already destroyed, can be seen from 5:25 till 7:20.
  6. ^ Pinto, Nick (October 1, 2007). "Last Days Of The Lost Station". The Tribeca Trib. 
  7. ^ Dunlap, David (July 18, 2008). "A Last Glimpse of the Survivors' Stairway". City Room. New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2012. 
  8. ^ World Trade Center Report: A Roadmap Forward - Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, October 2008, page 50
  9. ^ World Trade Center Quarterly Report - 2nd Quarter 2010, pp. 9, 11
  10. ^ Jennifer Fermino (September 7, 2011). "Cortlandt Street station comes back to life". New York Post. Retrieved September 11, 2011. 
  11. ^ Work at Cortlandt Street station #1 train continues above ground at WTC Transportation Hub
  12. ^ Jennifer Fermino (September 7, 2011). "Cortlandt Street station comes back to life". New York Post (New York City: New York Post). Retrieved April 17, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

External video
Ten Years Later: MTA Reflects on 9/11, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; September 7, 2011; 4:21 YouTube video clip