Corunca

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Corunca
Koronka
Commune
Ruins of the Toldalagi Castle
Ruins of the Toldalagi Castle
Corunca is located in Romania
Corunca
Corunca
Location of Corunca
Coordinates: 46°31′0″N 24°37′0″E / 46.51667°N 24.61667°E / 46.51667; 24.61667Coordinates: 46°31′0″N 24°37′0″E / 46.51667°N 24.61667°E / 46.51667; 24.61667
Country  Romania
County Mureş County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Márton Nagy (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Population (2002)
 • Total 1,743
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 547363
Area code(s) +40 265
Website official website

Corunca (Hungarian: Koronka, Hungarian pronunciation: [koronkɒ]) is a commune in Mureş County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

Corunca became an independent commune when the component villages split from Livezeni in 2004. The commune is composed of two villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Bozeni Székelybós
Corunca Koronka

History[edit]

The area where the commune lies was inhabited even in ancient times. On the outskirts of the villages, remains were found from prehistoric and Roman times. The name of the present-day commune was first recorded in 1332 as Korunka.[1] In the vicinity, there used to be two other villages, Sárvári was destroyed in the 16th century while Kisernye was devastated in 1661 by Ottoman Turkish troops .

The village was historically part of the Székely Land in Transylvania and belonged to Marosszék in the Middle Ages. In the mid-1780s as part of the Josephine administrative reform, Marosszék was integrated into Küküllő county, however, the szék-system was restored in 1790. After the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1849, the village formed part of the Székelykál military sub-division of the Marosvásárhely division in the Udvarhely military district.[2] Between 1861–1876, the former Marosszék was restored.[2][3] As a result of the administrative reform in 1876, the village fell within Maros-Torda County in the Kingdom of Hungary.[4] After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania and fell within Mureş-Turda County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages forming part again of Maros-Torda County were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the village became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region forming a commune like in present-day.[2] In 1968, the province was abolished,[5] and since then, the area fell in Mureş County while the villages were comprised by Livezeni wherefrom they split in 2004 to form an independent commune.

Demographics[edit]

In 1910, the two current component villages were inhabited by 963 Hungarians (82,87%), 103 Romanians (8,86%) and 91 Gypsies (7,83%). In 1930, the census indicated 1,107 Hungarians (85,75%), 164 Romanians (12,70%) and 17 Gypsies (1,32%). In 2002, beside 1,663 Hungarian residents (89%), 142 Romanians (8,15%) and 34 Gypsies (1,95%) also lived in the commune.[6]

Historical population of Corunca
Year 1850 1880 1900 1910 1930 1956 1977 1992 2002 2007
Population 927 911 1 223 1 162 1 291 1 562 1 918 1 627 1 743 1 889[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ János András Vistai. "Tekintő – Erdélyi Helynévkönyv". p. 637.  Transylvanian Toponym Book
  2. ^ a b c Tibor Elekes. "Marosvásárhely közigazgatási szerepe a XIV. századtól napjainkig". p. 1, figure 3.  (Hungarian)
  3. ^ Gazeteer of Hungary, 1873
  4. ^ Hungarian Administrative Reform Act 1876
  5. ^ James F. Brown. "The grooves of change: Eastern Europe at the turn of the millennium". Duke University Press. p. 54.  [1]
  6. ^ Árpád E. Varga. "Etnikai statisztikák" (in Hungarian). Pro-Print Kiadó. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  7. ^ National Institute of Statistics of Romania