Coryell County, Texas

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Coryell County, Texas
Coryell county courthouse.jpg
The Coryell County Courthouse in Gatesville, Texas. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 18, 1977.
Map of Texas highlighting Coryell County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Seat Gatesville
Largest city Copperas Cove
Area
 • Total 1,057 sq mi (2,738 km2)
 • Land 1,052 sq mi (2,725 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.47%
Population
 • (2010) 75,388
 • Density 73/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional district 25th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.coryellcounty.org

Coryell County (/ˈkɔrjɛl/ COR-yell[1]) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 75,388.[2] The county seat is Gatesville.[3] The county is named for James Coryell, a frontiersman and Texas Ranger who was killed by Comanche Indians while protecting settlers.

Coryell County is part of the KilleenTemple, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The habitation of Coryell County dates as far back as 4500 BC. The Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Kiowa and Comanche were among the tribes who migrated through the area at various periods.[4] When the General Colonization Law went into effect in 1824, followed by the 1825 State Colonization Law of Coahuila y Tejas, Robert Leftwich obtained a grant to settle 800 families in Texas.[5][6] The grant went through several legal challenges, and later became Robertson's Colony, named for Sterling C. Robertson. The grant encompassed all or parts of thirty present-day Texas counties [7] Settlers began moving into the area after Fort Gates was established at Gatesville. The Texas state legislature created the county in 1854, naming it after James Coryell.[4][8]

Originally Coryell was to be named Pierce County but was changed to Coryell after James' Coryell's Death

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,057 square miles (2,740 km2), of which 1,052 square miles (2,720 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (0.4%) water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,666
1870 4,124 54.7%
1880 10,924 164.9%
1890 16,873 54.5%
1900 21,308 26.3%
1910 21,703 1.9%
1920 20,601 −5.1%
1930 19,999 −2.9%
1940 20,226 1.1%
1950 16,284 −19.5%
1960 23,961 47.1%
1970 35,311 47.4%
1980 56,767 60.8%
1990 64,213 13.1%
2000 74,978 16.8%
2010 75,388 0.5%
Est. 2012 77,231 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 74,978 people, 19,950 households, and 15,780 families residing in the county. The population density was 71 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 21,776 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.28% White, 21.80% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.49% Pacific Islander, 6.26% from other races, and 3.54% from two or more races. 12.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,950 households out of which 47.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 36.30% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 105.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,999, and the median income for a family was $38,307. Males had a median income of $24,236 versus $21,186 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,410. About 7.80% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Of the eight Texas Department of Criminal Justice general correctional facilities for women, which include five prisons and three state jails,[12] five of the units,[13] including four prisons and one state jail,[12] are in the City of Gatesville.[13][14]

The Christina Crain Unit prison (formerly Gatesville Unit),[15] the Hilltop Unit prison,[16] the Dr. Lane Murray Unit prison,[17] and the Linda Woodman Unit state jail are co-located amongst one another.[18] In addition the Mountain View Unit, a prison with the State of Texas female death row, is in Gatesville.[19] One male prison, the Alfred D. Hughes Unit, is in Gatesville.[20]

Mountain View opened in July 1975,[19] Crain opened in August 1980,[15] Hilltop opened in November 1981,[16] Hughes opened in January 1990.[20] Murray opened in November 1995,[17] and Woodman opened in June 1997.[18] In 1995, of the counties in Texas, Coryell had the third highest number of state prisons and jails, after Walker and Brazoria.[21]

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.texastripper.com/pronounce/locations-c.html
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Coryell County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Barker, Eugene C. "Mexican Colonization Laws". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1891). Spanish institutions of the Southwest. The John Hopking Press. pp. 312, 313. 
  7. ^ McLean, Malcolm D. "Robertson's Colony". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Hyman, Carolyn. "James Coryell". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b "Unit Directory." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  13. ^ a b Gately, Paul "Former Downtown Waco Executive Director Moved to Gatesville." KWTX-TV. November 22, 2008. Retrieved on May 20, 2010.
  14. ^ "Gatesville city, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  15. ^ a b "Crain Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  16. ^ a b "Hilltop Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  17. ^ a b "Murray Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Woodman Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  19. ^ a b "Mountain View Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  20. ^ a b "Hughes Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  21. ^ Horswell, Cindy. "For hard-hit economy of Liberty County, crime officially pays." Houston Chronicle. Thursday June 29, 1995. A30. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°23′N 97°48′W / 31.39°N 97.80°W / 31.39; -97.80