Republic of Cospaia

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Cospaia Republic
Repubblica di Cospaia
Microstate

1440–1826
 

Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Perpetua et firma libertas
Location of Cospaia
Capital Cospaia
Languages Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic
Historical era Early Modern
 -  Established 1440
 -  Partitioned May 25, 1826
Area 3.3 km² (1 sq mi)
Currency Ducal

Cospaia was a small republic in Italy, located in northern Umbria, independent from 1440 to 1826.

History[edit]

It unexpectedly gained independence in 1440 after Pope Eugene IV, embroiled in a struggle with the Council of Basel, made a sale of territory to the Republic of Florence. By error, a small strip of land went unmentioned in the sale treaty and its inhabitants promptly declared themselves independent. An early centre in Italy for tobacco production, Cospaia eventually deteriorated into a mere smugglers' haven which, in 1826, was divided between Tuscany and the Papal States. Each citizen was awarded a silver coin by the church to help convince them to continue farming tobacco.

Today, Cospaia is a hamlet (frazione) of the comune of San Giustino in the Province of Perugia.

Cospaia.jpg

Government[edit]

The Republic of Cospaia was almost completely anarchist in its government and criminal justice system, or lack thereof. There were no jails and there was no standing army or police force within the tiny nation, thus making crime rampant, though records are scarce. There was a council of elders and a chief's family who governed at one point. They met in the Church of Annunciation for councils.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ascani, Angelo (1963). Cospaia: storia inedita della singolare Repubblica. Umbria: Città di Castello. 
  • Natali, Filippo (1892). La stato libero di Cospaia: nell'alta Valle del Tevere (1440-1826). Umbertide: stab. tip. Tiberino. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cospaia at Wikimedia Commons