Republic of Cospaia
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (September 2013)|
|Repubblica di Cospaia|
Perpetua et firma libertas
Location of Cospaia
|Historical era||Early Modern|
|-||Partitioned||May 25, 1826|
|Area||3.3 km² (1 sq mi)|
It unexpectedly gained independence in 1440 after Pope Eugene IV, embroiled in a struggle with the Council of Basel, made a sale of territory to the Republic of Florence. By error, a small strip of land went unmentioned in the sale treaty and its inhabitants promptly declared themselves independent. An early centre in Italy for tobacco production, Cospaia eventually deteriorated into a mere smugglers' haven which, in 1826, was divided between Tuscany and the Papal States. Each citizen was awarded a silver coin by the church to help convince them to continue farming tobacco.
The Republic of Cospaia was almost completely anarchist in its government and criminal justice system, or lack thereof. There were no jails and there was no standing army or police force within the tiny nation, thus making crime rampant, though records are scarce. There was a council of elders and a chief's family who governed at one point. They met in the Church of Annunciation for councils.
- Ascani, Angelo (1963). Cospaia: storia inedita della singolare Repubblica. Umbria: Città di Castello.
- Natali, Filippo (1892). La stato libero di Cospaia: nell'alta Valle del Tevere (1440-1826). Umbertide: stab. tip. Tiberino.
Media related to Cospaia at Wikimedia Commons
- La storia ritrovata: La Repubblica di Cospaia (Italian)
- Cospaia: storia della repubblica più piccola al mondo (Italian)
- Flag of Cospaia Republic
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