Cossus cossus

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Goat Moth
Cossus cossus
Cossus cossus01.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Cossidae
Genus: Cossus
Species: C. cossus
Binomial name
Cossus cossus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Phalaena cossus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Bombyx unguiculatus Fabricius, 1793
  • Cossus ligniperda Fabricius, 1794
  • Cossus balcanicus Lederer, 1863
  • Cossus cossus stygianus Stichel, 1908
  • Cossus cossus ab. subnigra O. Schultz, 1911
  • Cossus cossus f. aceris Greip, 1918
  • Cossus cossus f. nigra Dietze, 1919
  • Cossus cossus altensis B. Hua, 1990
  • Cossus araraticus Teich, 1896
  • Cossus giganteus Schwingenschuss, 1938
  • Cossus lucifer Grum-Grshimailo, 1891
  • Cossus chinensis Rothschild, 1912
  • Cossus cosso Pungeler, 1898

The Goat Moth (Cossus cossus) is a moth of the family Cossidae. It is found in Europe.

This is a large heavy moth with a wingspan of 68–96 mm. The wings are greyish brown and marked with fine dark cross lines. The moth flies from April to August depending on the location.

The caterpillars feed in the trunks and branches of a wide variety of trees (see list below), taking three or four years to mature.

As a Food[edit]

Considered a Roman delicacy after it was fed with flour.

Recorded food plants[edit]

Taxonomy[edit]

Cossus balcanicus Lederer, 1863 from Bulgaria is probably a hybrid between C. cossus and Lamellocossus terebrus (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775).

Subspecies[edit]

  • Cossus cossus cossus
  • Cossus cossus albescens Kitt, 1925 (Kazakhstan, Russia)
  • Cossus cossus araraticus Teich, 1896 (Georgia, Azerbaidzhan, Turkey, Iran)
  • Cossus cossus armeniacus Rothschild, 1912 (Turkey)
  • Cossus cossus chinensis Rothschild, 1912 (China: Shaanxi)
  • Cossus cossus dauricus Yakovlev, 2007 (Russia: Transbaical)
  • Cossus cossus dersu Yakovlev, 2009 (Russia: southern Ussuri, Primorsky Krai)
  • Cossus cossus deserta Daniel, 1953 (Mongolia)
  • Cossus cossus gueruenensis Friedel, 1977 (Asia Minor)
  • Cossus cossus kopetdaghi Yakovlev, 2009 (Turkmenistan)
  • Cossus cossus kossai Wiltshire, 1957 (Iraq, Jordan)
  • Cossus cossus lucifer Grum-Grshimailo, 1891 (Tibet)
  • Cossus cossus mongolicus Erschoff, 1882 (Mongolia)
  • Cossus cossus omrana Wiltshire, 1957 (Iraq, Iran)
  • Cossus cossus tianshanus Hua, Chou, Fang & Chen, 1990 (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, Afghanistan)
  • Cossus cossus uralicus Seitz, 1912 (Uralsk)

References[edit]