Costa Rican general election, 2002

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Costa Rican general election, 2002
Costa Rica
1998 ←
February 3, 2002 (2002-02-03) (first round)
April 7, 2002 (2002-04-07) (second round)
→ 2006

  Defense.gov News Photo 050511-D-9880W-053 Abel Pacheco cropped.jpg
Nominee Abel Pacheco Rolando Araya
Party PUSC PLN
Popular vote 776,278 563,202
Percentage 58.0% 42.0%

President before election

Miguel Ángel Rodríguez
PUSC

Elected President

Abel Pacheco
PUSC

Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

General elections were held in Costa Rica on February 3, 2002.[1] For the first time in the country's history, no candidate in the presidential election passed the 40% threshold.[2] This meant a second round of voting had to be held on April 7, which saw Abel Pacheco of the Social Christian Unity Party defeat the National Liberation Party's Rolando Araya Monge.[3]

The parliamentary election was also fragmented owing to the emergence of a well-supported third party (the Citizens' Action Party), breaking the two-party mould of previous elections.[4] The Social Christian Unity Party emerged as the largest party, but held only 19 of the 57 seats,[5][6] nine fewer than the previous lowest since the number of seats was raised to 57 in the 1960s.[7] The result did not favour Pacheco, affecting his ability to govern and forcing him to seek alliances and consensus to get legislation approved.[8]

Despite the close contest, voter turnout was only 68.8% on February 3, the lowest since the 1958 elections. For the second round of the presidential elections it fell to 60.2%, the lowest since 1949.[9]

Background[edit]

Before the election, the country's Supreme Electoral Tribinal attempted to make several reforms to the electoral system. These included allowing independents to run in local elections, using electronic voting machines, allowing Costa Ricans living abroad to vote, and allowing voters to choose the top two places on parliamentary lists.[2] However, the changes were rejected by the Legislative Assembly, which noted that independent candidature was incompatible with the constitution, and that electronic voting could not be guaranteed to be secure or transparent.[2]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Abel Pacheco Social Christian Unity Party 590,277 38.6 776,278 58.0
Rolando Araya Monge National Liberation Party 475,030 31.1 563,202 42.0
Ottón Solís Citizens' Action Party 400,681 26.2
Otto Guevara Movimiento Libertario 25,815 1.7
Justo Orozco Álvarez Costa Rican Renovation Party 16,404 1.1
Walter Muñoz Céspedes National Integration Party 6,235 0.4
Vladimir De la Cruz De Lemos Democratic Force 4,121 0.3
Walter Coto Molina Coalition Change 2000 3,970 0.2
Rolando Angulo Zeledón General Union 2,655 0.2
Daniel Reynolds Vargas Patriótico Nacional 1,680 0.1
Marvin Calvo Montoya Christian National Alliance 1,271 0.1
Pablo Angulo Casasola National Rescue Party 905 0.0
Invalid/blank votes 39,573 - 33,463 -
Total 1,569,418 100 1,372,943 100
Source: Nohlen

Parliament[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Social Christian Unity Party 453,201 29.8 19 -8
National Liberation Party 412,383 27.1 17 -6
Citizens' Action Party 334,162 22.0 14 New
Movimiento Libertario 142,152 9.3 6 +5
Costa Rican Renovation Party 54,699 3.6 1 0
Democratic Force 30,172 2.0 0 -3
National Integration Party 26,084 1.7 0 -1
Coalition Change 2000 12,992 0.8 0 New
Agrarian Labour Action Party 10,890 0.7 0 -1
Independiente Obrero 8,044 0.5 0 New
Patriótico Nacional 7,123 0.5 0 New
Cartago Agrarian Union Party 6,974 0.5 0 0
Christian National Alliance 6,825 0.4 0 0
General Union 5,883 0.4 0 0
National Rescue Party 4,937 0.3 0 0
Partido Agrario Nacional 2,595 0.2 0 New
Cartago Agrarian Force 1,390 0.1 0 0
Convergencia Nacional 1,348 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 47,484 - - -
Total 1,569,338 100 57 0
Source: Nohlen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p155 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ a b c Nohlen, p. 150.
  3. ^ "Election profile: Costa Rica". International Foundation for Electoral Systems. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Nohlen, p. 149.
  5. ^ Election profile: Results IFES
  6. ^ "Costa Rica: Parliamentary Chamber: Asamblea Legislativa: Elections held in 2002". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Nohlen, pp. 174–175.
  8. ^ Nohlen, pp. 150–151.
  9. ^ Nohlen, pp. 156–157.