Costanzo Ciano

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Costanzo Ciano
Costanzo Ciano iii.jpg
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
In office
April 28, 1934 – March 2, 1939
Preceded by Giovanni Giuriati
Succeeded by Giacomo Acerbo
Personal details
Born (1876-08-30)30 August 1876
Livorno, Italy
Died 26 June 1939(1939-06-26) (aged 62)
Lucca, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party National Fascist Party
Children Galeazzo Ciano
Profession Naval commander

Costanzo Ciano, 1st Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (30 August 1876 – 26 June 1939) was an Italian naval commander and politician. He was the father of Galeazzo Ciano.

Born at Livorno the son of Raimondo Ciano and wife Argia Puppo, he entered the Naval Academy of Livorno in 1891, being appointed Officer five years later. In 1901 he became Tenente di vascello and took part in the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–1912.

In 1915, at the entrance of Italy in World War I, he was Capitano di corvetta (Lieutenant Commander), and was assigned to service in Cirenaica. After his return to Italy he operated at the command of fast MAS units, receiving a Gold Medal for Military Value for a famous action in the Bakar Harbour, in Istria, which was later celebrated by the poet Gabriele D'Annunzio (who had also participated). Ciano was appointed Senior Commander at the end of the war and ennobled by King Victor Emmanuel III as Conte di Cortellazzo e Buccari.

Ciano's ardent nationalism drew him into fascism. He became leader of the Livorno fascio and participated in the March on Rome in October 1922.[1]

On 31 October 1919 he assumed the post of Undersecretary of State for the Regia Marina and Commissioner for the Merchant Navy. On 9 November 1923 he was appointed Rear Admiral in the Naval Reserve. He was President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1934 until shortly before his death, which occurred at Ponte a Moriano in 1939.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul H. Lewis (2002). Latin fascist elites: the Mussolini, Franco, and Salazar regimes. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 30–31,184. ISBN 0-275-97880-X. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Giovanni Giuriati
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
1934–1939
Succeeded by
Giacomo Acerbo
Italian nobility
Preceded by
new creation
Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari
–1939
Succeeded by
Galeazzo Ciano