Cheilocostus speciosus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Costus speciosus)
Jump to: navigation, search
Crêpe Ginger
Cheilocostus speciosus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Costaceae
Genus: Cheilocostus
Species: C. speciosus
Binomial name
Cheilocostus speciosus
(J.Konig) C.Specht[1]
  • Banksea speciosa J.Koenig in A.J.Retzius
  • Hellenia speciosa (J.Koenig) S.R.Dutta

many more

Cheilocostus speciosus or (syn. Costus speciosus) or crêpe ginger is possibly the best known cultivated species of the genus Costus. This plant is native to southeast Asia and surrounding regions, from India to China to Queensland, It is especially common on the Greater Sunda Islands in Indonesia. It is also reportedly naturalized in Mauritius, Réunion, Fiji, Hawaii, Costa Rica, Belize, Melanesia, Micronesia, and the West Indies.[2][3]

Cheilocostus speciosus differs from the common ginger by having only one row of spirally arranged leaves.

The species reproduces vegetatively by rhizome. Birds disperse seeds when they feed on the fruits.

Cheilocostus speciosus is introduced invasive species on others. It is cultivated in India for its medicinal uses and elsewhere as an ornamental.

Habitat: Roadside ditch, low lying areas in the forest. Flowering season starts after rainy season, October to December.

The plant has many historical uses in Ayurveda, where the rhizome has been used to treat fever, rash, asthma, bronchitis, and intestinal worms. It is mentioned in the Kama Sutra as an ingredient in a cosmetic to be used on the eyelashes to increase sexual attractiveness.

Cheilocostus speciosus has a large number of common names in many languages, including isebsab (Palauan), keu or kemuk or keumul (Bengali), keukand (Hindi), Thebu (Sinhala), pakarmula (Gujarati), pushkarmula (Marathi and Sanskrit),Jom Lakhuti (Assamese) kostam (Tamil), "Kosta" in Kannada, "Kostamu" in Telugu.



External links[edit]