Battle of Maguindanao

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Battle of Maguindanao
Date January to September 1945
Location Maguindanao
Result Filipino victory
Belligerents
 Commonwealth of the Philippines  Empire of Japan  Second Philippine Republic
Commanders and leaders
Commonwealth of the Philippines Paulino Santos
Commonwealth of the Philippines Gumbay Piang
Commonwealth of the Philippines Salipada K. Pendatun
Empire of Japan Tomoyuki Yamashita
Empire of Japan Akira Muto
Empire of JapanJiro Harada
Empire of Japan Gyosaku Morozumi
Units involved
Philippine Commonwealth military
6th Infantry Division
10th Infantry Division
101st Infantry Division
102nd Infantry Division
104th Infantry Division
106th Infantry Division
10th Infantry Regiment
Maguindanao Guerrilla Forces
Maguindanao Bolo Battalion
Bukidnon-Cotabato Force
10th Military District, Mindanao Guerrillas
Maranao Militia force
Japanese 35th Area Army
Strength
56,200 Filipino troops
5,170 Maguindanaoan guerillas
740 Maguindanaoan civilian swordsmen
27,000 Imperial Japanese troops
Casualties and losses
260 killed
1,244 wounded
6,000 killed
10,200 wounded
1,000 captured

The Battle of Maguindanao or Cotabato and Maguindanao Campaign (Filipino: Labanan sa Maguindanao or Kampanya sa Cotabato at Maguindanao) was one of the final battles of the Philippines Campaign of World War II, when Filipino forces of the 6th, 10th, 101st, 102nd, 104th and 106th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary liberated the provinces of Cotabato and Maguindanao[1]

Philippine Commonwealth troops, local guerrillas of the Maguindanao Guerrilla Forces, Maguindanao Bolo Battalion and the Bukidnon-Cotabato Force, 10th Military District of the Mindanao Guerrillas, Maranao Militia force and Maguindanaoan civilian sword and spearsmen fought against Imperial Japanese Army troops. The battle was fought chiefly by Filipino military units. Although inferior in training and in weapons, the Filipinos heavily outnumbered their opponents, and suffered far fewer casualties.


Since early March 1945, the 108th Division, part of Colonel Wendell Fertig's 10th Military District guerrilla force, had been attacking the Japanese garrison at Malabang, and by late March Stinson L-5 Sentinel liaison planes could use the Malabang strip, and U S Marine Corps aircraft on 5 April. By 11 April, the Japanese had fled toward Parang, "and the guerrillas had completed the occupation of the entire Malabang region." On 13 April, "the Japanese had probably evacuated the Cotabato areas as well." American forces landed in the area on 17 April.[2]:621

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cotabato province has seen been split into smaller provinces of Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato and Sarangani, in January to September 1945.
  2. ^ Smith, R.R., 2005, Triumph in the Philippines, Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, ISBN 1-4102-2495-3

Coordinates: 7°08′00″N 124°18′00″E / 7.13333°N 124.3°E / 7.13333; 124.3