Cotoneaster salicifolius

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Cotoneaster salicifolius
C. salicifolius in bloom
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Cotoneaster
Species: C. salicifolius
Binomial name
Cotoneaster salicifolius
Franch.[1]

Cotoneaster salicifolius, the Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, is a drought-tolerant, evergreen to semi-evergreen, low-lying, small to medium sized shrub with an arched branching habit. Specimens growing in the wild, however, are generally larger, averaging five meters in height. Although native to the mountains, mixed forests, and open places in western China, it is commonly cultivated in temperate climates worldwide. Cultivars have been bred in a variety of forms, as ornamental groundcovers or shrubs.

Description[edit]

The bark of the willow-leaved cotoneaster is gray-brown, its stems are thin, and its root system is sparse.[2]

The leaves are alternate, simple, long, lanceolate, dark green and resemble those of willow trees (thus the common name), and have fine gray hairs on their undersides.[2] The scientific name 'salicifolius', described by the botanist Franchet, means 'with leaves like willows' (see: Genus Salix). During the colder months, they turn maroonish in color.[2][3]

In June it bears many flowered, compound corymbs of white, 5–6 mm flowers.[4] The fruit grow as small, showy, apple-like, red pomes, ripening in September to October, and enduring into the winter.[3][5]

The diploid chromosomal number is 34 (2n=34).[4]

Corymb on C. salicifolius
C. salicifolius fruit

Cultivation[edit]

Depending on the characteristics of the cultivar, the Willow-leaved Cotoneaster can be used as a hedge or screen; a bank cover; in small groupings or large masses; or anywhere its colorful fall foliage or bright red fruit would direct the eye towards a focal point, or serve as a centerpiece in a garden setting.[2]

Pests[edit]

C. salicifolius is susceptible to bouts with leaf spot, scale insects and spider mites.[2] It is also considered highly susceptible to the Enterobacteria fire blight[2] and has been used as a test species to trial new methods of control.[6][7] In parts of Europe where fire blight was previously unknown, cultivated specimens of this species are among the first plants identified as infected.[8]

List of cultivars[edit]

This plant has over 30 cultivars which range from tiny groundcovers to large shrubs:

Additional list sources : [10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cotoneaster salicifolius was originally described and published in Nouvelles archives du muséum d'histoire naturelle, sér. 2, 8: 225. 1885 "Name - Cotoneaster salicifolius Franch.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Cotoneaster salicifolius". Mark H. Brand. University of Connecticut Plant Database. June 15, 2001. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Ground Covers: Cotoneaster salicifolius". Erv Evans-Consumer Horticulturist. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Cotoneaster salicifolius". Flora of China. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Cotoneaster salicifolius -- Willowleaf Cotoneaster". Michigan State University Extension. January 19, 2000. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Studies on Biological Control of Fire Blight". www.actahort.org. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  7. ^ Control of Fire Blight with Plant Extracts based on Resistance Induction. Mosch, J. and Zeller, W. 1999. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 489:577-582 Accessed: March 25, 2009
  8. ^ "First Record of Fire Blight (erwinia amylovora) in Austria Preliminary Experiments on the Survival on Fruit Boxes". www.actahort.org. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  9. ^ a b "PlantIndex: Planten Geslacht Cotoneaster (pp.6)". Compiled by R.Koot. Plantago. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  10. ^ "PlantIndex: Planten Geslacht Cotoneaster (pp.1)". Compiled by R.Koot. Plantago. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  11. ^ "PlantIndex: Planten Geslacht Cotoneaster (pp.3)". Compiled by R.Koot. Plantago. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  12. ^ "PlantIndex: Planten Geslacht Cotoneaster (pp.4)". Compiled by R.Koot. Plantago. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Cotoneaster salicifolius, Cotoneaster a feuilles de saule.". Jardin!L'Encyclopedie. Plantencyclo.com ; la Societe des Gens de Lettres. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Cotoneaster salicifolius var. angustus". Flora of China. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Cotoneaster salicifolius var. henryanus". Flora of China. Retrieved March 24, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Cotoneaster salicifolius var. salicifolius information from NPGS/GRIN". GRIN. USDA. August 1, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2009.