View over Cottbus
|• Lord Mayor||Frank Szymanski (SPD)|
|• Total||164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)|
|Elevation||70 m (230 ft)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs]; Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz; Czech: Chotěbuz; Polish: Chociebuż) is a university city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree. Cottbus is a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots.
The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg; in 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia. During World War II, Cottbus was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.
Culture and education
Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium, and Sorbian Quarter, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.
Next to Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845. Schloss Branitz (Branitz Castle) was rebuilt by Gottfried Semper in a late Baroque style between 1846 and 1852, and the gardens laid by Prince Hermann feature two pyramids. One of these, the Seepyramide, is in the middle of an artificial lake and serves as his mauseoleum.
Twin towns – Sister cities
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2012 (XLS-Datei; 83 KB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 31 December 2012.
- Udo Lauer, Fürst Pücklers Traumpark, Ullstein Verlag, 1996, Berlin
- "Our twin cities - Cottbus". http://www.cottbus.de/. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "Zielona Góra Miasta partnerskie". Urząd Miasta Zielona Góra. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
- "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 2013-07-27.
- "Town Twinnings". Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District". 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 28 October 2009.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cottbus.|
- Official Website (German) (English) (Polish) (Sorbian)
- Homepage of Brandenburg Technical University
- "Cottbus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.