Cotton Tree, Queensland
Sunshine Coast, Queensland
|Area||1 km2 (0.4 sq mi)|
|Location||0.001 km (0 mi) E of Maroochydore|
|LGA(s)||SCRC Division 8|
Cotton Tree is a suburb/neighbourhood of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia, located in the Maroochydore urban centre between Maroochydore CBD and Alexandra Headland. It is recognised by the Sunshine Coast Region Council and has its own post office located in King Street since the 1930s. The town of Maroochydore was subdivided from the Cotton Tree reserve in 1903 by Surveyor Thomas O'Connor.
The suburb consists of a beach, a river mouth, several restaurants and cafes, lawn bowls club, RSL club, surf club, Swan's rugby club, library, child care centre, resorts, homes, units, Weir's surf shop, olympic swimming pool and numerous other shops, offices and businesses. The Maroochydore Surf Life Saving Club is right on the beach. Pincushion Island currently sits just 100m off the sand to the north of river mouth. (The river mouth moves not the Island)
Cotton Tree includes 2 caravan parks which maybe heritage listed. Also includes 2 Rugby union fields, 6 tennis courts, 3 bowling greens, 50m swimming pool and 2 waterfront parks, 1 on the river, 1 on the beach. Surf breaks include Pipes/Seabreeze, Poofters dunnies, Carpark, Pinnies, the Mouth and North Shore. (Pipes was named after the location of the old sewer effluent pipe, Poofters after a derelict toilet block)
Although 'unbounded' as a suburb it's generally recognised as being east of Aerodrome Road and including all numbered avenues and esplanades. Sometimes known as Forgotten Tree.
The area takes its name from the Hibiscus tiliaceus plant which is also known as Coastal Cotton tree or Cottonwood. Plenty of these are still visible near caravan park and the old creek near Fourth Avenue.
The first European 'holiday maker' to arrive was convict John Graham in 1827 who escaped from Moreton Bay and spent six years living with local aborigines belonging to the Gubbi Gubbi language group.
The whole (Maroochy Shire) area was protected by the Bunya proclamation 1842-1860. This was established after Andrew Petrie explored the area in 1838 and named the Maroochy River using the language of Brisbane aboriginals who accompanied him.
Timber getters arrived in the 1850s but the Maroochy River bar wasn't navigable so Mooloolah River bar was used instead with Cotton Tree used as a timber depot in 1856 by William Pettigrew and purchased 1864. He ran steamer ships in both rivers and to Brisbane and thus opened a post office receiving office in 1891 as the first shop in Cotton Tree. The headland at Alex was used as a bullock paddock and for his own home which was also part of his 330 acre landholding.
The Cotton Tree area was first gazetted as a wharf and water reserve (215 acres) in 1873. By 1880 it was re-gazetted as a camping reserve and used by the Salvation Army amongst others until the 1910s when a road through what is now Maroochydore was planned to access the area. Before that it was accessible only by water. By 1927 it was a main road. By 1937 it was a bitumen road. It has been used for camping ever since with a large part of Cotton Tree now called Cotton Tree Caravan Park. Today camping still takes place on 8.7ha of the total 90-110ha. The land size changes significantly based on the sand movement and development of river mouth.
A fatal plane crash on the main beach was recorded. Air Crash
Cotton Tree has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Cotton Tree Parade: Cotton Tree Caravan Park
- A heritage application for Cotton Tree Bacpackers timber building is pending.
- "Cotton Tree Caravan Park (entry 30454)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
- Old and New Post Office photo 1936/2010 
- Old and New Jetty photo 1930/2011 
- Postcard aerial photo 1975 
- Postcard aerial photo Pincushion