Cottonwood Falls, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
City
Chase County Courthouse designed by Kansas State Capitol architect John G. Haskell
Chase County Courthouse designed by Kansas State Capitol architect John G. Haskell
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°22′5″N 96°32′35″W / 38.36806°N 96.54306°W / 38.36806; -96.54306Coordinates: 38°22′5″N 96°32′35″W / 38.36806°N 96.54306°W / 38.36806; -96.54306
Country  United States
State  Kansas
County Chase
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,204 ft (367 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 903
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 892
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66845
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-15900 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0477262 [5]
Website Chamber Website

Cottonwood Falls is the largest city and county seat of Chase County, Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 903.[6]

History[edit]

Cottonwood Falls business district, as seen from Courthouse steps, 2009

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Cottonwood Falls.[7]

The first settlement in the area of Cottonwood Falls was in 1854, when an Indian trader named Seth Hayes founded a cattle ranch on the Cottonwood River close to the mouth of Diamond Spring Creek. The area around the town was organized as Chase County in 1859, and Cottonwood Falls was designated the temporary county seat.[8]

The first post office in Cottonwood Falls was established in 1858.[9]

In 1873 the city's French Renaissance style Chase County courthouse was built; at roughly the same time, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached Cottonwood Falls area. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries the area around the city was mainly divided into farms and cattle ranches.

20th century[edit]

In 1931, Transcontinental & Western Air Flight 599 crashed ten miles south of Cottonwood Falls near the community of Bazaar, killing all eight on board, including Notre Dame University football coach Knute Rockne. A monument to the crash is located on private property.

There have been numerous floods during the history of Cottonwood Falls. In June and July 1951, due to heavy rains, rivers and streams flooded numerous cities in Kansas, including Cottonwood Falls. Many reservoirs and levees were built in Kansas as part of a response to the Great Flood of 1951.

Geography[edit]

Cottonwood Falls is located at 38°22′5″N 96°32′35″W / 38.36806°N 96.54306°W / 38.36806; -96.54306 (38.368159, -96.542918)[10]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), of which 0.59 square miles (1.53 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cottonwood Falls has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Area events[edit]

Area attractions[edit]

Cottonwood Falls has five listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 971
1970 987 1.6%
1980 954 −3.3%
1990 889 −6.8%
2000 966 8.7%
2010 903 −6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

Cottonwood Falls is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 903 people, 342 households, and 205 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,530.5 inhabitants per square mile (590.9 /km2). There were 414 housing units at an average density of 701.7 per square mile (270.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 342 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 43.3 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 23.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 966 people, 375 households, and 227 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,674.9 people per square mile (643.1/km²). There were 427 housing units at an average density of 740.3 per square mile (284.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.93% White, 2.38% African American, 1.14% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.

There were 375 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $28,947, and the median income for a family was $37,986. Males had a median income of $27,639 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,166. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

U.S. Post Office in Cottonwood Falls, 2009

City[edit]

The Cottonwood Falls government consists of a mayor and five council members; the council meets the first and third Monday of each month at 7:00 p.m. City Council Members are elected in odd-numbered years and serve four-year terms.[21][22]

  • City Hall, 220 Broadway St.

County[edit]

  • Chase County Courthouse, Broadway St.
  • Chase County Sheriff Department, 201 Walnut St.
  • Chase County Fire Department, 201 Walnut.

U.S.[edit]

  • U.S. Post Office, 206 Broadway St.
  • U.S. Consolidated Farm Service Agency, 219 Broadway St.
  • National Park Service (U.S. Dept of Interior), 226 Broadway St.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Cottonwood Falls is part of Unified School District 284.[23][24]

Sports[edit]

The Chase County High School mascot is a Bulldog. All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For 2010/2011 seasons, the football team competes as Class 2A.[25]

Library[edit]

  • Burnley Memorial Library, 401 Oak St.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

K-177 highway passes north-south through the city. Chase County Airport, FAA:9K0,[26] located south-east of 8th St and Airport Rd.[27]

Utilities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Fiction[edit]

In Disney's 1985 film Return to Oz, Doctor J.B. Worley's Clinic is set in Chase County near Cottonwood Falls.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  8. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 459. 
  9. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
  12. ^ Prairie Fire Festival - Kansas Travel
  13. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Cartter Building
  14. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Chase County Courthouse
  15. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Chase County National Bank
  16. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Cottonwood River Bridge
  17. ^ Cottonwood Falls Dam & Bridge - Kansas Travel
  18. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Samuel N Wood House
  19. ^ Kansas Historical Marker - A Landmark Of Distinction
  20. ^ Chase Lake Falls - Kansas Travel
  21. ^ Cottonwood Falls - Directory of Public Officials
  22. ^ Cottonwood Falls - Government
  23. ^ USD 284
  24. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  25. ^ KSHSAA Football Class Size Assignments
  26. ^ Chase County Airport map
  27. ^ Chase County Airport information

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Lodging
Maps