Cotuit, Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cotuit, Massachusetts
Village
Cotuit is located in Cape Cod
Cotuit
Cotuit
Location within Barnstable County, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°37′00″N 70°26′13″W / 41.61667°N 70.43694°W / 41.61667; -70.43694Coordinates: 41°37′00″N 70°26′13″W / 41.61667°N 70.43694°W / 41.61667; -70.43694
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Barnstable
Town Barnstable, MA
Area
 • Total 5.00 sq mi (12.95 km2)
Population (1995 estimate)
 • Total 2,600
 • Density 520/sq mi (200.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Cotuit (/koh too it/) is one of the villages of the Town of Barnstable on Cape Cod in Massachusetts, United States. Located on a peninsula on the south side of Barnstable about midway between Falmouth and Hyannis, Cotuit is bounded by the Santuit River to the west on the Mashpee town line, the villages of Marstons Mills to the north and Osterville to the east, and Nantucket Sound to the south. Cotuit is primarily residential with several small beaches including Ropes Beach, Riley's Beach, The Loop Beach and Oregon Beach.

History[edit]

Colonial era[edit]

Cotuit was part of a major land purchase negotiated by Myles Standish of the Plymouth Colony with Paupmunnuck, Wampanoag headman of the Cotachessett village allegedly located on or near the island known today as Oyster Harbors, or Grand Island. That transaction, which occurred on May 17, 1648, was made by Paupmunnuck and his brother, and "sold" about "twenty square miles of land in what is now the southwestern section of Barnstable."[1]

The purchase price was two kettles, a bushel of Indian corn, and the agreement to fence off 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land comprising the Cotachessett village. However this was renegotiated shortly after the conclusion of the Standish agreement to drop the fence and corn and settled instead on a price of "one great brass kettle seven spans in wideness round about, and one broad hoe."[2]

Cattle and the harvesting of salt marsh hay was the primary economic activity in colonial Cotuit. The Little River section of the village (near the location of the present Cotuit Oyster Company) was the site of some early shipyards.[3]

The name Cotuit is derived from the Wampanoag term: "place of the council".[4] Cotuit was formerly known as Cotuit Port until the postmaster, Charles C. Bearse, dropped the "port" in 1872.

Built circa 1793, just off Main Street near the center of the village, is the Josiah Sampson House, the oldest standing home actually built in Cotuit (the Crocker House on Route 28 was built in 1749 in the village of West Barnstable and then moved to its present location in Cotuit by oxen).[5] When this Federal-style New England house was built by English businessman Josiah Sampson, it was regarded as so extravagant for its day that it came to be known by the townspeople as "Sampson's Folly", faced with many windows and containing a ballroom for dancing on its second floor. Now listed as "Sampson's Folly"[6] on the National Register of Historic Places, this home once operated as a bed and breakfast but is now a private residence. The property contained a working farm and a mill on the Santuit River, lending its name to the road which ran nearby, Sampson's Mill Road.

A list of Cotuit families with some genealogical information has been compiled by local historian James Gould.[7]

Modern era[edit]

In the early 20th century, Cotuit saw more commercial activity, including hotels such as The Pines, one of Cape Cod's earliest summer resorts. During World War II, Cotuit was home to Camp Candoit. During the 1970s there was a large restaurant called The Harbor View which has been turned into a private residence. The Cotuit Inn was demolished in 1986, and condominiums were built in its place. In 1987 the Cotuit Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

The latitude of Cotuit is 41.61667. The longitude is -70.4375.[8] According to the 1995 Town of Barnstable Comprehensive Plans, Cotuit is among the smallest of the town's seven villages, having a total area of roughly 5 square miles (13 km2). The major part of the village is bounded on three sides by water. Although Cotuit has 12 miles (19 km) of coastline, comparable in length to its 10 miles (16 km) of scenic roadways, the 8 town-owned beaches, landings and ways to the water in the village combine to occupy only 3.16 acres (12,800 m2).[9]

Central Village[edit]

The commercial zone is small, with only a few businesses located in the center of the village: a small restaurant and bar called The Kettle-Ho (named after the legend of how the town was acquired from the native Wampanoags for a kettle and a hoe, see above), a post office (02635), a Federated church (United Church of Christ/United Methodist Church), several real estate offices, an insurance office, an architect's office and the Cotuit Public Library. To the north on Main Street is a small variety store and the Cotuit Grocery Co. or "Coop", which sells groceries and liquor and has a small deli counter/restaurant. Other Cotuit businesses are located along Route 28 in the Santuit-Newtown area of the town, also the location of the Cotuit Center for the Arts and the Cahoon Museum of American Art.

The Cahoon Museum of American Art is located at the former home of Martha and Ralph Cahoon, who were prominent American painters.

A few steps from the village green is the historic Freedom Hall, currently used for various civic gatherings and elections, and Mariners' Hall, currently a Masonic Lodge. A little further down Main Street is the Museum of the Historical Society of Cotuit and Santuit, which includes the Samuel B. Dottridge Homestead, a representation of coastal life in Cotuit in the first half of the 19th century.

Santuit[edit]

The northwestern corner of Cotuit is referred to as Santuit and represents a distinct sub-village within Cotuit, marking the intersection of Main Street, Route 28 and Route 130. It is the westernmost village in the town of Barnstable and is the location of several historically significant buildings, including the Crocker House (formerly site of the Regatta Restaurant which closed in 2012), the Cahoon Museum of Art, and other colonial-era houses. The former Santuit Post Office still stands on Main Street but is now part of a private residence, though it retains the post office boxes used by Santuit residents. The former home of the EPAC Grotto of Masons is now the site of St. Michael the Archangel Antiochian Orthodox church.

Cotuit Bay[edit]

Cotuit Bay, the main body of water in town, is bounded by Cotuit to the west, Grand Island/Oyster Harbors to the east (part of the village of Osterville) and Dead Neck/Sampson's Island to the south, making the bay a quiet harbor and part of the so-called Three Bays system which includes North and West Bays. Sampson's Island is an Audubon bird sanctuary, jointly managed by the Three Bays Preservation organization, that can only be reached by boat. A permit is required for visitors. The bay is shallow and busy with boat traffic during the summer months. It is the site of the Cotuit Oyster Company.

There are no commercial marine facilities in Cotuit Bay. The nearest source of fuel (diesel and gasoline) is in Osterville to the east. A number of local boatyards, including the renowned Pecks' Boatyard founded by Captain Leonard Peck, service boats in the harbor, but there is no commercial marina in the bay or inner harbor. A private launch service runs from the town dock from May through October, charging a small fee for trips to the mooring field (hail on VHF Channel 68). A free pump-out service for marine heads (toilets) is provided by the town harbormaster (available by hailing on radio or phoning 508-790-6273, facility also located at Crosby Yacht Yard in Osterville). Ice and groceries for visiting boaters is available ashore at the Cotuit Grocery Store on Main Street.

A concrete boat ramp for small boats is located at Old Shore Road near Ropes Beach. Car and trailer parking is permitted only with a Town of Barnstable beach parking sticker, available to residents from the town's recreation department.

There are several public ways to water, including Cordwood Landing off Old Post Road, Ropes Beach, Town Dock, Riley's Beach, Loop Beach, and Oregon Beach. Other public paths exist and are catalogued by the Barnstable Association of Recreational Shellfishermen.[10]

Mooring is regulated by the Town of Barnstable.

Government[edit]

Cotuit is a village in the Town of Barnstable in Barnstable County. The Cotuit Fire District was incorporated by an act of the Massachusetts General Court in 1926[11] which grants the district the authority to establish public safety services, including a fire department and rescue personnel; a water department to provide the village with drinking water; and a Prudential Committee to oversee the budgets and infrastructure of the district. There are ten elected officials: a Moderator; three members of the Prudential Committee; three members of the Board of Water Commissioners; and three members of the Board of Fire Commissioners. Each elected official serves a three-year term. An annual district meeting is convened on the last Wednesday of May, preceded by the annual elections where one member of the Prudential, Fire and Water boards is elected by ballot.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1995 Town of Barnstable Comprehensive plans, Cotuit, one of the less densely populated of the villages, has a year-round population of roughly 2,600, with an additional 1,600 summer residents.[9]

Cotuit Oysters[edit]

Cotuit Oysters[edit]

Cotuit Oysters are a distinct version of the eastern oyster species, unique to Cotuit Bay and remarkable for their flavor. Wild oysters are making a gradual comeback along some shores. "Seed now comes from a hatchery...but unspoiled Cotuit Bay has changed little, and the oysters still have the bright and briny flavor they are famous for."[12]

Cotuit Oyster Company[edit]

The Cotuit Oyster Company dates back to 1837 and is still cultivating the distinctive Cotuit Oysters with their unique flavor, producing the oldest brand name of oyster in the United States.[12] Cotuit is world famous for its oysters, and in years past they rivaled Wellfleet oysters and could be found on menus in restaurants from San Francisco to Paris. In the 1980s, however, many of the Cotuit oyster beds were significantly diminished. Today, Cotuit Oysters are re-appearing on the menus of many fine-dining establishments on Cape Cod and in Boston, and the world-famous[13] Oyster Bar Restaurant in Grand Central Terminal in New York City.[14]

Recreation[edit]

Cotuit Skiffs[edit]

Cotuit Skiffs, formerly known as Cotuit Mosquitos, are 14-foot (4.3 m) gaff-rigged "one-design" sailboats that have been sailed on the waters of Cotuit Bay for the last 104 years,[15] making them one of the oldest continuously sailed fleets of one-design racing boats in the world.

They were designed by Stanley Butler after the turn of the 19th century and were modeled after the flat-bottomed skiffs used in the oyster and commercial clam trade. Those boats were built with hard chines and low gunwales to provide a stable platform from which to clam from. The design was altered many times until 1926 when the design was standardized.

Cotuit Skiffs are rigged like classic Cape Cod catboats—that is they carry only a gaff-rigged mainsail, no jib, and their masts are stepped in the very bow of the boat. They carry a considerable amount of sail and are considered an extremely challenging boat to sail, especially in a brisk breeze. They are fitted with a centerboard and are generally raced by one or two people, with three carried only in high winds. The huge mainsail and its boom overhang the hull's transom by four feet.[15]

Since 1906 the Cotuit Mosquito Yacht Club (CMYC) has hosted races during the summer months. Although the yacht club has had more than one fleet—juniors compete in inter-club regatta in 420s - the gaff-rigged skiff has been raced for slightly over the 100 years that the yacht club has existed. The CMYC is supported by the Association of the Cotuit Mosquito Yacht Club, a non-profit organization that manages a sailing instructional program for children between 8 and 18 years of age.

CMYC historian Larry Odence published a comprehensive history of the Cotuit Skiff in 2009: Mosquito Boats: The First Hundred Years of the Cotuit Skiff, which was published in a limited edition, but available for loan from the Cotuit Library.

Cotuit Kettleers and the Cape Cod Baseball League[edit]

The Cotuit Kettleers of the Cape Cod Baseball League play at Lowell Park, located very close to the center of the village, from mid-June to early August. Cotuit has won more Cape League titles in the modern era than any other team in history with thirteen, their last of which came in 2013.[16]

The team is supported by the Cotuit Athletic Association and is managed by Mike Roberts.

The Cotuit ball field is named for Elizabeth Gilbert (Jones) Lowell (d. 1904), daughter of George Jones of New York, a co-founder of The New York Times.[17]

Notable People[edit]

Cotuit residents are occasionally (and humorously) referred to by the demonym "Cotusions"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mashpee: The Story of Cape Cod's Indian Town, Francis G. Hutchins, Amara, 1979
  2. ^ The History of Cape Cod, Frederick Freeman, Boston, p 259
  3. ^ Cotuit Historical Society, assorted monographs on file at the Cotuit Library
  4. ^ "Cotuit and Santuit", James Gould and Jessica Rapp Grassetti, Arcadia Press, 2003
  5. ^ Images of America: Cotuit and Santuit, James W. Gould and Jessica Rapp Grassetti, Portsmouth, 2003
  6. ^ Using the NRIS - National Register of Historic Places Research Page - National Register of Historic Places Official Website-Part of the National Park Service
  7. ^ [1] List of Cotuit Families
  8. ^ "Cotuit". Placenames.com. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  9. ^ a b "Cotuit Village". town.barnstable.ma.us. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  10. ^ Barnstable Association of Recreational Shellfishermen
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ a b Jacobsen, Rowan. A Geography of Oysters: The Connoisseur's Guide to Oyster Eating in North America, 109. New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2007.
  13. ^ Nation's Restaurant News, July 27, 1998
  14. ^ Cotuit Oyster Company, Inc. - How to Purchase
  15. ^ a b Cotuit Skiffs - Churbuck.com
  16. ^ Cape Cod Baseball League: http://www.capecodbaseball.org/archives/Records/awards_Champions.htm
  17. ^ Falmouth Genealogical Society

External links[edit]