Coulsdon

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Coordinates: 51°19′16″N 0°08′19″W / 51.3211°N 0.1386°W / 51.3211; -0.1386

Coulsdon
Barclay's Bank, Coulsdon - geograph.org.uk - 1000058.jpg
Brighton Road
Coulsdon is located in Greater London
Coulsdon
Coulsdon
 Coulsdon shown within Greater London
Population 25,695 - 2011 Census [1]
OS grid reference TQ3059
London borough Croydon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town COULSDON
Postcode district CR5
Dialling code 020
01737
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Croydon South
London Assembly Croydon and Sutton
List of places
UK
England
London

Coulsdon (/ˈklzdən/, traditionally pronounced /ˈklzdən/) is a district of South London within the London Borough of Croydon, It is located south of Croydon, approximately 12.5 (20.1 km) and 13 miles (20.9 km) from Charing Cross.

History[edit]

A topological view of Coulsdon, showing the various hill and valleys.

The location forms part of the North Downs. The hills contain chalk and flint. Several dry valleys with natural underground drainage merge and connect to the relict headwater system of the River Wandle named 'River Bourne'.[2][3] Although the Bourne river floods periodically, the soil is generally dry and is the watershed which has constituted a natural route way across the Downs for early populations.

Fossil records exist from the Pleistocene period(4m years ago)[4]

There is evidence of human occupation from the Neolithic period, Iron Age,[5][6] Anglo-Saxon,[7][8][9][10] Bronze Age,[11][12] Roman and Medieval [13]

The Taunton Manor, in the 1535 Valor Ecclesiasticus is recorded having an annual rent accruing to the House (Hospital) of St. Thomas of Acre from the Manor of "Tauntons" was 100ss and approximately 450 acres (180 ha) of wood belonged to it valued at a yearly rent of 12d. per acre.

In 1545 Henry VIII granted two homes with land in Whattingdon manor, Coulsdon: Welcombes and Lawrences to Sir John Gresham, the manor having been owned by Chertsey Abbey in the 8th century when it was recorded as Whatindone until the English Reformation in the 16th century.[20] The Whattingdon Manor was granted to Sir John Gresham, the manor having been owned by Chertsey Abbey in the 8th century when it was recorded as Whatindone until the English Reformation in the 16th century.[20]

  • 1782 to 1921. Owned by three generations of the Byron family, who has already purchased the sub-manor of Hooley.[20][21][22]
  • 1801 The Byron family moved to live at Hooley House.
  • 1838. Byron sold a large amount of land to the 'London to Brighton railway company'. Byron moves from Hooley House to Portnall's Farm.
  • 1850 Hartley Farm was demolished and Coulsdon Court was built by Thomas Byron. It was said to be constructed of the last bricks to be made locally at Crossways (at Coulsdon Road, Old Coulsdon).[23] In 1854, to avoid the Court, he adjusted the paths of some local roads, and created a gated drive from the public road.
  • 1863 Edmund Byron inherited the title. After his use of the Enclosure acts were curtailed when he lost a case 1877 at the Court of Chancery,[24][25][26] large areas were sold in 1883 to the Corporation of London.[27][28][29][30] The importance of this event was reported in The Times.[31] He also sold and gave away various plots.[32]
  • In 1921, Edmund Byron died. The remaining lands owned by the Byrons were sold. Land and manorial rights were passed to the Purley and Coulsdon Urban District Council.[33]

For many centuries, the lands contained several farms and manors. Until 1921, the Byron family had largely maintained this tradition, despite sales of earlier land. The sales in the 1860s increased the number of landowners. Most housing in Smitham (Bottom/Valley) and the clustered settlement of Old Coulsdon, as well as the narrower valley between them, was built in the 80 years from 1890 to 1970. Malden recorded this development in 1912:[20]

"The whole aspect of the parish has been completely transformed during the last twenty years by building. It was a little while ago entirely rural with a few new houses scattered along the line of the railway and up the valley towards Caterham, whence another deep depression in the chalk runs down to Smitham Bottom. Now there are continuous rows of villas and cottages and shops from Croydon to south of Coulsdon station."

The valley and routes in Smitham Bottom encouraged some early settlements. An Inn at the 'Red Lion' appears in the Bainbridge map of 1783. The coming of the railway and improved road links encouraged buildings along the sides of the major roadways and close to the stations. Since 1921. the sales of the old estate lands have replaced a countryside of discrete farms, with thousands of suburban dwellings.

Coulsdon segregated its long-haul from its short-haul traffic by gaining the Farthing Way A23 bypass, which opened in December 2006[34] as part of the Coulsdon Town Centre Improvement Scheme.

Economy[edit]

In the first two decades of the second millennium, Coulsdon's retail area lost Woolworth's and the bookstore on Brighton Road and opened The Pembroke[35] and Caffé Nero. Waitrose has a longstanding branch in the centre, and Tesco Express opened in the period mentioned. A planned Sainsbury's with apartments above has been singled out for note by periodical New London Architecture.[36]

Coulsdon has few large company head offices but substantial storage and technology premises. One notable head office is that of Jane's Information Group.

Quarrying[edit]

The Hall family had been active in the Croydon area as coal and lime merchants since the 18th. In 1853 they leased an area of land in Coulsdon. In 1864 they close their quarries at Merstham and increased their quarrying for chalk and flints and use of Lime kilns in Coulsdon . [37][38]

This quarry at Coulsdon (Marlpit Lane) was named the 'Stoats Nest Quarry'. The works had its own internal railway system which connected to nearby main lines.

In 1898, Hall were refused permission (by their landlord) to build cement works on the Coulsdon site.[39]

The lime principally supplied for waterworks, gas works and tanneries. Demand reduced in 1902 when the Army changed from leather to webbing equipment. And in 1905 there was no longer demand from the gasworks.

Between 1905 and 1910 chalk was supplied for the Hall's cement works at Beddington.[40] In 1905, 13,000 tons of chalk were sent by rail from Coulsdon.[39] By 1918, it was processing lime for use as fertilizer.[41]

In 1920, the Hall company purchased 102 acres from their landlord, Byron. This offered their full benefit of the railways, kilns on the land.[42]

Halls maintained a trading depot in the Marlpit Lane quarry from 1923. It was named the "Ullswater trading estate". The limeworks closed in 1961.[37]

Place name[edit]

The town's spelling, pronunciation and location have changed. Coulsdon originally referred to the area now known as Old Coulsdon.

The name derives from Cuðrædsdun via Cullesdone pre-1130, Culesdone pre-1190, Cullisdon 1242, Culesdene 1255, Colendone c1270, Kulisdon 1279, Collesdon 1288, Cullesdon 1323, Colleston 1324, Coulesdon 1346, Cullysdon 1377, Colynsdon 1428, Colysdon 1439, Collysdon 1563, Cowlesdon 1557, Coulsdon 1597, Cowisden 1604, Couldisdon 1610, Couldesdon 1675, Culsdon 1678, Colsdon 1724.[43][44]

Additional variations include Curedesdone 675, Cudredesdone 675, Cudredesdune 967, Coulsdon 1083, Colesdone 1085, Culesdon 1234, Culisdon 1242, Cudredestreow 1251, Cullesdon 1266, Colesdene 1287, Colesdon 1290, Colesdun 1290, Culesdon 1291, Culesden 1292, Colieston 1324, Coulesden 1326, Coueleston 1332, Colisdon 1344, Culeston 1346, Cullysdon 1377, Cullisdoun 1403, Cullesdoun 1422, Culledon 1424, Colynsdon 1428, Collesdon 1439, Culsdon 1446, Cowlesdon 1539, Collesden 1544, Cowlesdowne 1553, Cullesdoy 1556, Colsdon 1558, Cowlesden 1558, Cullesden 1558, Cowllysdon 1567, Cowisden 1618, Coulsden 1619, Cowsdon 1620, Coolsden 1650, Coulesden 1650, Coilsoun 1655, Coulden 1655.[45][46]

The widely accepted origin of the name is ‘hill of a man called Cūthrǣd’, (from OE pers. name + dūn, a hill).[8] Alternatively the name originates from the Celtic or primitive Welsh "cull", meaning a leather bag, scrotum, bosom, womb or belly.[47][48][49]

The current town centre appears as Leydown Cross(1738)[50] or Leaden Cross(1800)[51][52] and Smitham Bottom.[53] In 1905, the parish council, and then the Post Office renamed "Smitham bottom" as "Coulsdon".[54][55] The name "Smitham Bottom" has also changed. Smetheden (1331), Smithdenbottom (1536), Smythedean(e)(1548), Smythden Bottom (1588), Smitham Bottom (1719)[53][56]

Localities[edit]

Coulsdon is a largely suburban district of London. The central area has substantial industrial, automotive and distribution services, convenience, standard socialising and niche retail as well as local professions of a typical town in the country, by its main road and main railway stations: Coulsdon South and Smitham (now named Coulsdon Town Station). The alternate centre, Old Coulsdon, has a recreation ground/cricket pitch-focused village green, a much smaller parade of shops than Coulsdon's high street between Coulsdon and Smitham stations and a medieval church. London's 'Brighton Road', locally the official name, and the railway, served by semi-fast services rather than stopping services, give Smitham Bottom/Valley a bustling, busier setting for economic life.

Old Coulsdon[edit]

Old Coulsdon occupies the south-east of the district.[57] Scattered, rather than clustered are six listed buildings, for their national heritage and architectural value, at Grade II. Two categories above this, in the highest class, Grade I is the Church of St John the Evangelist here. This is by the recreation ground, shortly after Marlpit Lane has been joined by Coulsdon Road, from the north. St John's is late thirteen century with extensive later additions, made of flint and rubble with much brick patching. Its nave spans two (window) bays. Older still is its "good" chancel of 1250 with stepped sedilia and piscina. The west tower above the entrance is of circa 1400 with corner buttresses and a tapering broach spire. A nave at right angles, replacing the south aisle; in decorated style was designed for its 1958 construction by J B S Comper.[58]

Smitham Bottom or Valley[edit]

At the heart of the geographical feature Smitham Bottom (where three dry valleys merge into one)[20] is this downtown part of the district. Most commerce and industry is here, set beside the Brighton Road, which is since 2006 a town centre arc of the A23 road and on Chipstead Valley Road which terminates half way along the arc, leading directly to Woodmansterne. The various local feeder roads reach this street, including the combined one from the south-east, Marlpit Lane, under the A23 without needing a junction with that trunk (long-distance) route (which later becomes the M23).

The soil is dry, and water was obtained even in 1912 by deep wells here in the chalk. This dry valley in the chalk, Smitham Bottom, has a watercourse below, the water of which in until the 16th century occasionally in times of flood ran here but after this, inexplicably, waits to break out as far as at the foot of the chalk in Croydon and Beddington, running through it.[20]

The Marlpit business and industrial estate[edit]

Marlpit (a former chalk quarry) is the town's Marlpit Industrial / Business Park estate, which is strong in storage, distribution and technology.

The Mount or Clockhouse[edit]

The Mount or Clockhouse is a square neighbourhood on a hill plateau with marked borders along three residential roads from Coulsdon, one of which continues from the town centre as the London Loop path, via the Banstead Downs and East Ewell to Nonsuch Palace 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west. It shares its local authority with that place as it is part of the London Borough of Sutton.[57]

Coulsdon Woods[edit]

This neighbourhood is a loosely defined residential part of Coulsdon, equally on undulating ground.

Cane Hill[edit]

This area forms the area of the former buildings and grounds of Cane Hill Hospital.

An approved development of the former site of Cane Hill Hospital by Barratt Developments may start in 2014, which if so, will create over six hundred new dwellings. In 2013, Barratt published a Public Consultation document[59] and report of feedback.[60] Resident's protests and concerns relate to the likely affect of local infrastructure, including access routes, the proposed mix of housing, transport and the provision of educational services.[61][62][63]

Open spaces[edit]

In 1883, to prevent further loss of Common lands arising from the Inclosure Acts, the Corporation of London (under provisions of the Corporation of London (Open Spaces) Act, 1878), purchased from Squire Byron (Lord of the Manor of Coulsdon) Farthing Downs, Coulsdon Common and Kenley Common, to add to the earlier purchase of Riddlesdown Common.[28][29] The London Borough of Croydon own and maintain several parks, including Happy Valley, which, together with Farthing Downs, is designated is a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[64]

Rickman Hill Park is the highest public large park in London, at 155 metres above sea level - it cannot claim to be the largest small park due to the micro-park which has been opened on top of 20 Fenchurch Street nicknamed The Walkie-Talkie spanning the top three storeys of the 160-metre high block in the City.

A memorial park and recreation ground was purchased from the Byrons by Coulsdon & Purley Urban District Council and Hall & Co Ltd in 1920, it was opened in 1921.

The London Loop footpath passes through Happy Valley and Farthing Downs between Hamsey Green and Banstead. The Coulsdon section was the first of the 24 to be opened.

Places of religious interest[edit]

Methodist Church, Coulsdon

Places of worship include:

Leisure[edit]

Athletics. The Old Coulsdon Hash House Harriers (or "OCH3") provide a wide range of running groups and assist competitors entering triathlons and broadly athletics.[74] Gordon Pirie (1931–1991), an English long-distance runner lived in Coulsdon and was a member of the Harriers.

Bare-knuckle boxing fights were held at Smitham Bottom. Records exist of fights in 1788[75][76][77][78][79] and 1792.[80][81]

Bowls. Played at the Marlpit Lane Recreation Ground since the 1920s. A separate team played at the Ashdown Park Hotel.[82]

Chess.(from 1949)[83][84]

Cricket. Old Coulsdon had one of the first cricket clubs in the world, founded in 1762. It was one of the strongest teams in the country in the late 18th and early 19th century and once boasted eight England internationals, as well as a young Stuart Surridge. The club was possibly the first to use three stumps and two bails and frequently played matches on the most famous early cricket grounds such as Mitcham, and later in Grange Park in the village. In 1995 falling player numbers forced the club to merge with the nearby Redhill Cricket Club, playing at the Ring on Earlswood Common in the Earlswood neighbourhood of Redhill as Redhill & Old Coulsdon Cricket Club. Cricket was originally played at 'Smitham Bottom' opposite the Red Lion. The first archived results come from a games was played in 1731(Surrey vs East Grinstead). A 'Cricket Shed' appears in Smitham Bottom as a fixed building in a map of 1785.[85] In the 1880s, this area became was built over, and the club moved to Old Coulsdon. From the 1920s, cricket was played at The Memorial Gardens.

Cycling. Temperance Hotel. [21]

Football. Coulsdon United Football Club participate in the Combined Counties League Division One.

Golf. Played at Woodcote Park Golf Club(since 1920)[86] and at Coulsdon Manor [22].[87] Green bowls is available next door.[88] Ashdown Park Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1912. The club did not appear following WW1.[89]

Horse riding is available on the downs. Coulsdon has wide and long pavements and indoor cafés from which to watch any of the London-Brighton rallies (vintage cars, minis, Land Rovers, vintage commercial vehicles, motorbikes, cycling etc.).[90]

Hunting. Meetings of the 'Old Surrey Foxhounds' were held at the Red Lion from 1735 until 1908. In 1915, the hunt merged with Old Surrey Burstow and West Kent Hunt.

Rugby Union. Purley John Fisher Rugby Football Club[91] at Parsons Pightle, Old Coulsdon. Chipstead Rugby CLub [92] play locally at The Meads, Chipstead, offering mini, youth, adult social and adult league rugby.

Martial arts. The Coulsdon Martial Arts Club (also known as Yoshin Ryu) is long established and very popular with children and adults, founded and led by the legend that is Errol Field, 12th dan Judo, 4th dan Karate, 6th dan Ju Jitsu. The club is well known for its annual cheese competition, giving away complimentary packets of Dairy Lea to local pensioners. It is on the site of what was originally a ‘tin’ church built by the Roman Catholic Church in 1916.[93]

Theatre. 'Theatre Workshop Coulsdon' branched from the Croydon Youth Theatre Organisation in 1970 and operates from the Youth & Social Centre.[94]

Other

The Memorial Gardens has an adventure park, crazy golf, basketball, tennis, cricket and, in the summer, 'beach games' and events organised by the café.

Grange Park in Old Coulsdon has a playground, football pitches. [23] Rickman Hill Park hosts football, and has a children's playground, a zip wire, and tennis courts that were refurbished in 2009.

Demography[edit]

From 1889 until 1965 Coulsdon was in the administrative county of Surrey — between 1915 and 1965 the residents conferring additional local powers to Coulsdon and Purley Urban District. Under the London Government Act 1963 the London Borough of Croydon was formed.

The United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded that the two wards: Coulsdon East (ward) and Coulsdon West (ward), divided by the A23 road contained respectively: 12,244 people living in 4,912 homes and 13,449 living in 4,793 homes. The percentage of the population who declared their health as very good was 47% and 51% respectively.[1]

Education[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Railway[edit]

1804. The Surrey Iron Railway was enhanced by the "Coulsdon Merstham & Godstone Railway". These were horsedrawn railways. It carried quarried materials and crops from Coulsdon and Merstham, and returned with fuel, metals and other materials.[96][97] To maintain a regular elevation at Coulsdon required large changes in direction; and the construction of 20 ft embankments and a road bridge. Remnants of the 1805 railway embankment are still evident.[98][99] It closed in 1838 due to underuse [100] A bridge over The Chipstead valley road was demolished as dangerous in 1854.[101]

1841. The London to Brighton Railway line opened.[102] 1856. The Caterham railway opened, initially intended to serve residents of Old Coulsdon, a station named 'Coulsdon' opened; later to be renamed "Kenley". 1880. Following an accident(1877 Stoats Nest), a second set of tracks was built through a tunnel under the Cane Hill Hospital grounds.

1893. Authorisation was given for a new (2nd) line to be built between Purley and Kingwood. The "Chipstead Valley Railway" became named as the Tattenham Corner line. Constructed in 1896, opened in 1897 as a single-track line.

1900. The main line between Croydon and Coulsdon was widened. A new (3rd) line was opened added named the "Quarry Line" between Coulsdon North and Earlswood (bypassing Redhill). Constructed 1898–9. The line involved engineering work including cuttings, embankments and a covered way at Cane Hill Hospital.[103]

1923. Various station names changes, following amalgamations between various Railway companies.

Railway stations names:

  • Stoats Nest (1841-1856). Located over 500 yards to the north of the current stations. Closed December 1856. Located on the London Brighton line.[104][105]
  • Coulsdon North Named 'Stoats Nest and Cane Hill' (1899-1910) or simply 'Stoats Nest'[106] and replaced the earlier 'Stoats Nest Station', which was further north, 'Coulsdon and Smitham Downs'(1911), 'Coulsdon West' (1923), 'Coulsdon North' (later in 1923). The station closed in 1983. It was located on the "Quarry Line" and included terminal platforms and sidings.[101]
  • Kenley Named "Coulsdon"(1856), it was intended to serve the residents of Old Coulsdon. The station was shortly renamed as "Kenley". Located on the Caterham Line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2011 Census
  2. ^ Surrey County Council
  3. ^ The Upper North Downs Dip Slope Natural Landscape Area
  4. ^ [1] Royal Holloway, University of London. Department of Geography. Title: Reconstructing a Palaeolithic Landscape. Dated 2011
  5. ^ Description of tumuli with Scheduled Ancient Monument status and identified parcels of land used in Iron Age Cultivation English Heritage
  6. ^ Volume 9 of the Bourne Society's Local History Records (1970)
  7. ^ [2] Excavations in the Saxon Cemetery on Farthing Down, Coulsdon. John Wickham Flower
  8. ^ a b [3] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 6. Article "Notices of an Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Farthing Down, Coulsdon, Surrey "
  9. ^ Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 50. Article "Celtic Agriculture in Surrey by Brian Hope-Taylor" [4]
  10. ^ The Megalithic Portal, Farthing Downs - Barrow Cemetery in England in Surrey
  11. ^ [5] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 64. Article "hoard of late bronze age things at crooksbury hill, coulsdon."
  12. ^ [6] Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 38 . Article "shunaway plantation" 1928. bronze found."
  13. ^ Croydon Council planning document
  14. ^ [7] Croydon Council report on parks and open spaces
  15. ^ [8] Tales from Chertsey Abbey by Lucy Wheeler
  16. ^ [9] Highways and Byways in Surrey, by Eric Parker. Date 1908.
  17. ^ Chaldon Church Origins with Coulsdon parish at chaldonchurch.co.uk
  18. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  19. ^ http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TQ2959/coulsdon/ Coulsdon
  20. ^ a b c d e f g |title=Parishes: Coulsdon |author=H.E. Malden (editor) |publisher=Institute of Historical Research |year=1912 |work=A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 |accessdate=20 October 2013 [10]>
  21. ^ British History online
  22. ^ Old Coulsdon History
  23. ^ [11]
  24. ^ Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society ISSN 0309-6149
  25. ^ The Story of English commons and forests. Commons Preservation Society. Lord Eversley [12]
  26. ^ Down with the Fences
  27. ^ The Times (london, England), Monday, May 21, 1883; pg. 12; Issue 30825.
  28. ^ a b Riddledown History
  29. ^ a b The Corporation of London: Its origin, constitution, powers, and duties. City of London (England). Corporation Oxford University Press, 1950.
  30. ^ [13] Conservation report
  31. ^ Report on the Dedication Of Coulsdon Commons. The Times (london, England), Monday, May 21, 1883; pg. 12
  32. ^ Donation of land for Smitham primary school. Bourne Society
  33. ^ Croydon Council. Local List of Historic Parks and Gardens December 2008 [14]
  34. ^ Transport for London
  35. ^ The Pembroke - website
  36. ^ http://www.newlondonarchitecture.org/project.php?id=486&name=sainsburyscoulsdon
  37. ^ a b Surrey Gazette, 19 April 1864
  38. ^ Auction, Lot number 15. Quarry 2006. Subterra Britannia Bibliographical Service [15]
  39. ^ a b A century and a Quarter by C G Dobson. Published for private circulation by Hall and Co Ltd. 1951
  40. ^ Effects of Mergers By Ruth Cohen, P. Lesley Cook. Page 127. References 'A Century and a Quarter' by C F Dobson, Hall and Co Ltd. 1951
  41. ^ The Times, London, England, Monday, Jul 01, 1918; pg. 12
  42. ^ The Times (london, England), Thursday, Jul 01, 1920; pg. 23
  43. ^ The Bourne Society. Booklet "Bourne Society Records Volume 1".
  44. ^ Appendix 4 to L B Croydon's Improving Coulsdon Centre
  45. ^ 1905 book. by S.J Madge - Index to the Source Book of Materals for Local History.
  46. ^ Old Coulsdon History
  47. ^ Key to English Place-names
  48. ^ Coulsdon history
  49. ^ Worcestershire Place Names by W H Duignan. Oxford university press. 1905. Page 45, reference to Coulsdon.
  50. ^ Bainbridge map
  51. ^ Map of 1800
  52. ^ [mapco.net/surrey1874/surrey28b.htm Map Of The County Of Surrey From Trigonometrical Survey With The Roads, Parks & Railways 1874.]
  53. ^ a b Hidden London
  54. ^ Pikle http://www.pikle.co.uk/londoncross/londoncross8.html
  55. ^ St Aiden's history
  56. ^ Place names
  57. ^ a b Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  58. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188464)". National Heritage List for England.  St John the Evangelist - Grade I listing
  59. ^ http://www.canehillpark.co.uk/userfiles/canehill_boards/
  60. ^ http://www.canehillpark.co.uk/userfiles/pdf/Cane%20Hill%20Feedback%20Report%20final.pdf
  61. ^ http://www.thisissurreytoday.co.uk/Fears-Chipstead-garrotted-traffic-650-home-Cane/story-18674878-detail/story.html#axzz2iBrY6c1K
  62. ^ http://www.thisiscroydontoday.co.uk/Protestors-warn-Cane-Hill-development-cause/story-19541999-detail/story.html#axzz2iBrP3UPh
  63. ^ http://www.yourlocalguardian.co.uk/news/politics/10542007.Coulsdon_mini_town__could_leave_kids_without_a_local_school_/
  64. ^ Natural England, Farthing Downs and Happy Valley citation
  65. ^ Coptic church
  66. ^ St Aidan's Church
  67. ^ a b Village Histories - Coulsdon. The Bourne Society ISBN 0 900992 50 6
  68. ^ Image. Surrey History Centre
  69. ^ Messianic Synagogue
  70. ^ http://www.oldcoulsdon.co.uk/st_john_s_church.htm
  71. ^ http://directory.rcsouthwark.co.uk/old_coulsdon_stmaryhoc.html
  72. ^ Old Coulsdon history site
  73. ^ http://www.congregational.org.uk/content.aspx?id=3022
  74. ^ Hash House Harriers
  75. ^ Boxing history
  76. ^ Letters My Grandfather Wrote Me: Family Origins By Bryan Crawford 2011. isbn=1456788531
  77. ^ Jackson
  78. ^ Image of the fight
  79. ^ Sporting Magazine - Volume 12 - Page 78
  80. ^ Image of fight
  81. ^ Jewish quarterly
  82. ^ The history of the Old Coulsdon Bowling club, by David Swain
  83. ^ Coulsdon and Purley Chess club http://www.ccfworld.com/Chess/ChessClubHome/C&P_History.htm
  84. ^ Coulsdon Chess Fellowship
  85. ^ Map 1785
  86. ^ Woodcote Village
  87. ^ Video showing Golf being played at Woodcote
  88. ^ Croydon Council
  89. ^ “Ashdown Park Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  90. ^ http://www.london-to-brighton.co.uk/
  91. ^ Purley John Fisher Rugby Football Club website
  92. ^ Chipstead Rugby Club
  93. ^ Edith Streets
  94. ^ Theatre Workshop Coulsdon
  95. ^ http://schoolsfinder.direct.gov.uk/search-results/?searchstring=cr5&type=Primary%2CSecondary&Specialism=0
  96. ^ [16] Wandle History
  97. ^ Image showing the route through Coulsdon http://www.wandle.org/aboutus/mills/mcgowsir/images/13-21b.jpg
  98. ^ Surrey Archeological Society. Volume 95. Article "The rise and fall of the Surrey Iron Railway, 1802-46." [17]
  99. ^ A painting by G.B.Wollaston (dated 1823) of the bridge crossing the Chipstead Valley Road [18]
  100. ^ The early and middle year of the Surry Iron Railway. Chapter 7
  101. ^ a b c Edith Streets
  102. ^ Cane Hill history
  103. ^ Purley Residents
  104. ^ a b CR5 community website
  105. ^ ABC Rail Guide and map
  106. ^ Map https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LB_and_SCRly_map_204.jpg
  107. ^ Bourne Society
  108. ^ Southern Electric
  109. ^ Edithsstreets

External links[edit]