Council Grove, Kansas

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Council Grove, Kansas
City
Downtown Council Grove
Downtown Council Grove
Location within Morris County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Location within Morris County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Coordinates: 38°39′38″N 96°29′23″W / 38.66056°N 96.48972°W / 38.66056; -96.48972Coordinates: 38°39′38″N 96°29′23″W / 38.66056°N 96.48972°W / 38.66056; -96.48972
Country United States
State Kansas
County Morris
Area[1]
 • Total 2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
 • Land 1.99 sq mi (5.15 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 1,237 ft (377 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,182
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,160
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 66846, 66873
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-15925 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0477021 [5]
Website CouncilGrove.com

Council Grove is a city and county seat in Morris County, Kansas, United States.[6] It was named after an agreement between European Americans and the Osage Nation about allowing settlers' wagon trains to pass through the area and proceed to the West. Pioneers gathered at a grove of trees so that wagons could band together for their trip west. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,182.[7]

History[edit]

Madonna of the Trail monument in Council Grove

Council Grove was one of the last stops on the Santa Fe Trail heading southwest. The first European-American settler was Seth Hays, who came to the area in 1847 to trade with the Kaw tribe, which had a reservation established in the area in 1846. Hays was a grandson of Daniel Boone.

A post office was established in Council Grove on February 26, 1855.[8]

In 1858, the town was officially incorporated by the legislature. Hays also opened a restaurant in 1857, the Hays House, which is said to be the oldest continuously operating restaurant west of the Mississippi River.

The town has 13 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. One is the Post Office Oak. Travelers left their mail in this designated tree to be picked up by others going in the right direction. General Custer of the United States Army slept here with his troops during the American Civil War, under a large tree known now as the Custer Elm.

The National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and was routed through Herington, Delavan, Council Grove.

In 1943, German and Italian prisoners of World War II were brought to Kansas and other Midwest states as a means of solving the labor shortage caused by American men serving in the war effort. Large internment camps were established in Kansas: Camp Concordia, Camp Funston (at Fort Riley), Camp Phillips (at Salina under Fort Riley). Fort Riley established 12 smaller branch camps, including Council Grove.[9]

Presently, both the Council Grove Reservoir and the City Lake are popular for recreational activities. While both lakes are open to the public and motorized boats, most of the land around the City Lake is privately owned with over three hundred lake houses. Building is restricted on the larger Council Grove Reservoir but there are many well-positioned camp sites. Excellent fishing is found on these lakes as well. Walleye, crappie, white bass, and many more fish are in both the Council Grove Reservoir and the City Lake.

Geography[edit]

Council Grove is located at 38°39′38″N 96°29′23″W / 38.66056°N 96.48972°W / 38.66056; -96.48972 (38.660678, -96.489672).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.01 square miles (5.21 km2), of which, 1.99 square miles (5.15 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Council Grove has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Area events[edit]

Area attractions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Council Oak at Council Grove (1912)
Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 2,664
1970 2,403 −9.8%
1980 2,381 −0.9%
1990 2,228 −6.4%
2000 2,321 4.2%
2010 2,182 −6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,182 people, 991 households, and 565 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,096.5 inhabitants per square mile (423.4/km2). There were 1,107 housing units at an average density of 556.3 per square mile (214.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.0% of the population.

There were 991 households of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.0% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 45.9 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,321 people, 1,002 households, and 634 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.2 people per square mile (500.6/km²). There were 1,099 housing units at an average density of 612.3 per square mile (237.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.23% White, 0.26% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.11% of the population.

There were 1,002 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,949, and the median income for a family was $37,061. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,189. About 7.4% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Council Grove is part of Unified School District 417.[12][13] Council Grove High School is a high school located at 129 Hockaday St., Council Grove. Students from the surrounding areas of Dwight, Alta Vista, and Wilsey travel to Council Grove to attend high school.[14] Council Grove Middle School includes grades 6 through 8 and is located at 706 E Main St. Council Grove Elementary School includes kindergarten through the 5th grade and is attached to the middle school. The athletic teams are known as the Braves.

Transportation[edit]

Council Grove was located on the National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, that was established in 1912.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  9. ^ List of Prisoner Of War (POW) Camps in Kansas
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Council Grove, Kansas
  12. ^ USD 417
  13. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  14. ^ "Council Grove High School", Great Schools

External links[edit]