Council of Deputies

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Council of Deputies
مجلس النواب
Majlis al-Nuwaab
Type
Type
History
Founded 4 August 2014 (2014-08-04)
Disbanded 6 November 2014 (2014-11-06)[1]
Leadership
Aguila Saleh IssaIndependent
since 5 August 2014
Deputy presidents
Imhemed Shaib
Ahmed Huma
since 5 August 2014
Seats 200
Elections
Parallel voting; 40 seats through first-past-the-post in single-member constituencies, 80 seats through single non-transferable vote in 29 multi-member constituencies, and 80 seats through proportional representation
Last election
25 June 2014
Meeting place
Tobruk, Libya[2]
Flag of Libya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

The Council of Deputies (Arabic: ‎ مجلس النواب, Majlis al-Nuwaab) is the parliament of Libya. Although Majlis al-Nuwaab translates into English as "Council of Deputies", it is referred to as the "House of Representatives" in the English-speaking media. The Council has also used this translation itself. "Council of Representatives" has also been used to refer to this body.[3]

It took power on 4 August 2014, following an election on 25 June 2014, replacing the General National Congress.[4][5] Turnout at the election was 18%,[6] down from 60% in the first post-Gaddafi election of July 2012.[7] Because of security concerns no voting took place in some locations.[8]

The current chairman of the Council of Deputies is Aguila Saleh Issa, who doubles as both the head of state for Libya and the presiding officer of the unicameral Council.[9][10][11] The current deputy presidents of the Council of Deputies are Imhemed Shaib and Ahmed Huma.[12]

Due to the occupation of Tripoli by Islamist armed groups during the 2014 Libyan Civil War, the Council of Deputies had to flee to Tobruk in the far east of the country. Since there was not enough housing for them, they have hired a ship from a Greek shipping company, the Elyra of ANEK Lines, for them to live and meet in.[13][14] Attendance of MPs fell to 115, sapping some credibility of the Council of Deputies.[15]

The Tripoli based Libyan Supreme Constitutional Court ruled on 6 November 2014 that the June elections were unconstitutional and that the Council of Deputies should be dissolved. The Council of Deputies rejected the ruling, saying it was made "at gunpoint".[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Disbanded by Libyan Supreme Constitutional Court in 6 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Libya's parliament allies with renegade general, struggling to assert authority". AFP. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Libya holds the third election in post-revolutionary era". http://hnec.ly/?p=6207. Libyan High National Elections Commission. Retrieved 2014-11-26. 
  4. ^ Lamloum, Imed. "Libya power handover agreed as airport battle rages on". Agence France-Presse (AFP). Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Libya’s new parliament meets in Tobruk". Libya Herald. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Libyans mourn rights activist amid turmoil". Al Jazeera English. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Braving Areas of Violence, Voters Try to Reshape Libya". New York Times. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Jawad, Rana (26 June 2014). "Libyan elections: Low turnout marks bid to end political crisis". BBC. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ageela Issa elected as president of House of Representatives". Libya Herald. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Jurist elected Libya parliament speaker". Middle East Online. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "New Parliament Elects East Libya Jurist As Speaker". Haberler. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Parliament elects deputy presidents". Libya Herald. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Libya: Cruise ship hired as 'floating hotel for MPs'". BBC News. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  14. ^ Goldhammer, Zach (13 September 2014). "On the Greek Ferry Housing Libya's Government". The Atlantic. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  15. ^ Chris Stephen (9 September 2014). "Libyan parliament takes refuge in Greek car ferry". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Libyan court rules elected parliament illegal". Al Jazeera English. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.