Council of Islamic Ideology
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Council of Islamic Ideology (Urdu: اِسلامی نظریاتی کونسِل) is a constitutional body of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, responsible for giving legal advice on Islamic issues to the government and the Parliament.
The council has the following functions:
- To recommend laws conforming to Qur'an and Sunnah to the Parliament and Provincial Assemblies.
- To advise the Parliament, Government of Pakistan, President of Pakistan, or Governor on any question referred to the Council as to whether a proposed law is or is not repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam.
- To make recommendations to bring current laws into conformity with Islamic injunctions.
- To compile guidance for the Parliament and Provincial Assemblies.
However, the Government can make a law before advice is furnished by the council. The council is also responsible for submitting an annual interim report, which is discussed in the Parliament and Provincial Assemblies within six months of its receipt. Recently, the Council was strongly criticized in many traditionalist quarters for its recommendations on the procedure for khula. (See also Talaq (conflict)).
The council was then known as Advisory Council of Islamic Ideology. Its first eight members were:
- Justice Abu Saleh Muhammad Akram, former judge of Federal Court of Pakistan (Chairman)
- Justice Muhammad Sharif, former Judge Supreme Court of Pakistan
- Maulana Akram Khan, Dacca
- Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni, Karachi
- Maulana Hafiz Kifayat Husain, Lahore
- Dr. I. H. Qureshi, Head, Islamic Research Institute, Karachi
- Maulana Abdul Hashim, Islamic Academy, Dacca
- Another member from East Pakistan
- Maulana Muhammad Khan Sherani (Chairman)
- Mufti Ghulam Mustafa Rizvi (Member)
- Syed Saeed Ahmed Shah Gujrati (Member)
- Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Mahmud Ashrafi (Member)
- Allama Muhammad Yousaf Awan (Member)
- Pir Mian Abdul Baqi (Member)
- Mufti Muhammad Ibrahim Qadri (Member)
- Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Kalota (Member)
- Allama Muhammad Amin Shaheedi (Member)
- Maulana Fazli Ali (Member)
- Dr. Mufti Muhammad Idress Soomro (Member)
- Dr. Samia Raheel Qazi (Female member) 
Views on different issues
- Regarding "Misuse" of Blasphemy laws, the council came under pressure from civil society to award death penalty to those also who wrongly accuse others of Blasphemy. First showing signs of passing this judgement, the council however categorically ruled out any possibility of passing such amendment. Maulana Sherani, Head of the council said "Sections 194 and 211 of the Pakistan Penal Code deal with false statement and registration of false cases, respectively. These can be applied to blasphemy cases as well",so those who falsely accuse others of Blasphemy to settle personal revenge or vendetta can be tried with that law.
- Regarding using DNA test report as a proof to verify that rape has taken place with an individual, the council claimed to remain stick with the current Sharia Law that requires four mature individuals to testify the occurrence of rape, they however said that DNA report can be used as a supplement proof.
- The Council has also declared Human Cloning and Sex Reassignment Surgery as illegal in Islam whereas Test Tube Baby Birth was allowed within certain conditions. It further states that practice of secret recordings as evidence for court cases should not be part of general policy, but it can be done in selected cases.
- Regarding the existing law that requires a "written approval" from the first wife if a man wants to go for the second marriage, the council is of the view that these laws are against Islamic principles and therefore should be abolished. Maulana Sheerani chairman of the council said, "The government should amend the law to make the issue of more than one marriage easy and in accordance with Sharia. We urge the government to formulate Sharia-compliant laws related to nikah, divorce, adulthood and will."
- In a review of marriage laws in March 2014, CII declared them unislamic. According to the council there are two stages of a marriage, Nikah and Rukhsati. While Nikah can be done at any age, Rukhsati can only take place once she reaches the age of puberty and is the responsibility of her guardian.
- The council on 21 January 2015 ruled that Divorcing thrice at once is against the Sunnah of Muhammad, rather it should be given over a period of time, it asked government to make this act punishable. It also ruled that a lady older than 40 can serve as a Judge provided she is properly veiled.
- Official website, Functions of the council
- History Council of Islamic Ideology. Retrieved 14 February 2011
- "Members". CII. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Kalbe Ali (11 March 2014). "Pakistani laws prohibiting underage marriage un-Islamic: CII". Dawn. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "Divorcing thrice at once should be punishable offence CII". Nation Pk. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.