Council of Labour and Defence
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From 1920-22 and 1923-27 respectively, the Council of Labour and Defence of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR and the Council of Labour and Defence of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union were agencies responsible for the management of the economies and defence structures on the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic and the Soviet Union. It was created as a commission of the Council of People's Commissars (Sovnarkom) from the Council of Workers' and Peasants' Defense (existed from 1918-20), which was the supreme body for economic management during the Russian Civil War. Vladimir Lenin was the inaugural Chairman of the Council.
On 21 August 1923 soon after the Soviet Union was created the USSR State Planning Committee (Gosplan), tasked with the creation of five-year plans, was established as a commission of the Council of Labour and Defence.
- Chairman — The Chairman of the Council of Labour and Defence was also the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (Premier of the Soviet Union)
- Deputies of the Chairman — The deputies of the Council Chairman were appointed by the Sovnarkom
- People's Commissars — After 1923 the Council consisted of the People's Commissars for Military and Naval Affairs, VSNKh, Labour, Transport, Agriculture, Foodstuffs, Rabkrin, Finance, Foreign Trade
- Representatives of trade unions in the Soviet Union
- Chairman of the Central Statistical Office