Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
|Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India|
|Chairman||Prime Minister of India|
|Director General||Prof. Samir K. Brahmachari|
|Staff||17,432 contain over 5000 active scientist and over 10000 scientific and technical personnel.|
|Budget||₹1750 crores(USD 325 million)|
|Location||Anusandhan Bhwan, Rafi Marg
New Delhi-110 001.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1942, is an autonomous body and India's largest Research and Development (R&D) organization, with 37 laboratories and 39 field stations or extension centres spread across the nation, with a collective staff of over 17,000. Although CSIR is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860.
The research and development activities of CSIR includes various fields such as aerospace engineering, Structural engineering, ocean sciences, Life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment. In December 2006, Director General of CSIR, Raghunath A. Mashelkar, retired following which M. K. Bhan took over the post, but he was relieved on 7 March 2007. After that T. Ramasami had the additional charge of Director General of CSIR until Samir K. Brahmachari was appointed as the Director General on 13 November 2007.
In late 2007, the Minister of Science and Technology, Kapil Sibal admitted, in a Question Hour session of the Parliament, that CSIR has developed 1,376 technologies/knowledgebase during the last decade of 20th century.
CSIR Achievements 
- Achieved the first breakthrough of flowering of Bamboo within weeks as against twenty years in nature.
- First to analyze genetic diversity of the indigenous Andamanese tribes and to establish their origin out of Africa 60,000 years ago.
- Developed the first transgenic Drosophila model for drug screening for cancer in humans.
- First to introduce DNA fingerprinting in India.
- Helped India to be the first Pioneer Investor under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
- Invented, Once a week non-steroidal family planning pill Saheli and non-steroidal herbal pill for Asthma called Asmon.
- Designed India's first ever parallel processing computer Flosolver.
- Partnered more than 50,000 companies with turnover ranging from Rs 5 lakhs to Rs 500,000 crores.
- Rejuvenated India's one hundred year old refinery at Digboi using the most modern molecular distillation technology.
- Provided the critical technology for the NMP Lube Extraction Plant of capacity of 2,50,000 tonnes per year.
- With TCS, developed a versatile portable PC-based software 'Bio-Suite' for bioinformatics.
- Design of 14 seater plane 'SARAS'.
- Established first ever in the world 'Traditional Knowledge Digital Library' accessible in five international languages, English, German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
- Remained in Top 3 in the list of PCT patent applications amongst all developing countries.
- Topped list of holders of U.S. patents.
- Successfully challenged the grant of patent in the USA for use of haldi (turmeric) for wound healing and neem as insecticide.
- In 2009, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has completed the sequencing of the Human Genome.
- In 2011, successfully tested India's 1st indigenous civilian aircraft, NAL NM5 made in association with National Aerospace Laboratories and Mahindra Aerospace.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology 
The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) Prizes are awarded annually by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for notable and outstanding research, applied or fundamental, in Biological, Chemical, Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary, Engineering, Mathematical, Medical and Physical Sciences.
Research Laboratories under CSIR 
- AMPRI - Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute, Bhopal
- C-MMACS - CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation, Bangalore
- CBRI - CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee (Visit www.cbri.res.in)
- CCMB- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad
- CDRI - Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow
- CECRI- Central Electro Chemical Research Institute, Karaikudi
- CEERI - Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani 
- CFTRI - Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore
- CGCRI - Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata
- CIMAP - Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow
- CIMFR - Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (Merged entity of CMRI and CFRI), Dhanbad
- CLRI - Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai
- CMERI - Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur
- CRRI - Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi
- CSIO - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh
- CSMCRI - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 
- IGIB - Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi 
- IHBT - Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur
- IICB - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata
- IICT - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad
- IIIM, Jammu - Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu 
- IIP - Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun
- IMMT - Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar 
- IMTECH - Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh
- IITR - Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow (Formerly known as Industrial Toxicology Research Centre)
- NAL - National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore
- NBRI - National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow
- NCL - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune
- NEERI - National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur
- NGRI - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad
- NIO - National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
- NISCAIR - National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources, New Delhi
- NISTADS - National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi
- NML - National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur
- NPL - National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi
- NEIST (RRL), Jorhat - North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat , Jorhat 
- National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology - Thiruvananthapuram
- SERC, M - Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai
- URDIP Unit for Research and Development of Information Products, Pune 
CSIR has been flagged in ongoing efforts to root out corruption in India. Despite being established with the directive to do translational research and create real technologies, CSIR has been accused of devolving into an ritualistic, overly-bureaucratic organization that does little more than churn out papers.
There are many issues facing Indian scientists, with some - such as MIT systems scientist VA Shiva Ayyadurai - calling for transparency, a meritocratic system, and an overhaul of the bureaucratic agencies that oversee science and technology. Sumit Bhaduri stated, “[t]he challenges of turning Indian science into part of an innovation process are many. … Many competent Indian scientists aspire to be ineffectual administrators [due to administrative power and political patronage], rather than do the kind of science that makes a difference.” Prime minister Manmohan Singh spoke at the 99th Indian Science Congress and commented on the state of the sciences in India, after an advisory council informed him there were problems with “the overall environment for innovation and creative work” and a ‘warlike’ approach was needed.
See also 
- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
- Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
- National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore
- National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi
- Regional Research Laboratory, Thiruvananthapuram
- Telecommunication Engineering Center, New Delhi
- About us - 2007
- CSIR Web site
- Minster of S&T claims India made 1,300-odd inventions in a decade
- Angier, Natalie (March 22, 1990). "Bamboo Coaxed to Flower in Lab; Global Impact on the Crop Is Seen". New York Times. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- "Showcasing the CSIR". The Hindu (Thiruvananthapuram, India). 08 May 2003.
- National Aeronautics Laboratory, India (2008). "Flosolver Division". Brief description of the history of the NAL Flosolver Division and its current work. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- "CSIR-Achievments". CSIR, India. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "TCS bio-suite unveiled". The Hindu (Hyderabad, India). 15 July 2004.
- R. Guruprasad, National Aerospace Laboratory, India (2004). "The Saga of Saras: Part 1". [PD IM 0407] History and details of the inception and development of Saras. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- "CSIR chief stress on non-patent literature database". Business Line. 23 September 2000.
- "Biopiracy and traditional knowledge". The Hindu (India). 20 May 2001.
- http://abclive.in/abclive_health/csir_human_genome_sequencing.html[dead link]
- Reddy, Prashant (20 May 2012). "CSIR Tech. Pvt. Ltd: Its controversial past and its uncertain future". Retrieved 11 March 2013. Unknown parameter
- "Indian Scientists Claim Lab Corruption". ScienceNOW. 23 January 1998.
- Singh, Mahendra Pratap (February 13 2010). "GROUND REPORT INDIA: Without prejudice, fingers point to Rs. 50.00 Lakhs financial embezzlement by Dr. R. Tuli, Director".
- Jayaraman, K.S. (9 November 2009). "Report row ousts top Indian scientist". Nature. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Ayyadurai, VA Shiva (16 December 2012). "VA Shiva’s Lecture at Indian Science Congress Centenary".
- Bhaduri, Sumit (Jan 8 2013). "Indian science must break free from the present bureaucratic culture to come up with big innovative ideas". Times Of India.
- Jayaraman, K.S. (6 January 2012). "Indian science in need of overhaul". Nature.