||This article describes a work or element of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. (April 2010)|
|First appearance||Avengers #13 (Feb. 1965)|
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Alter ego||Luchino Nefaria|
Legion of the Unliving
|Notable aliases||The Dream Master|
|Abilities||Superhuman strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes, durability, healing and longevity
|This section requires expansion. (July 2013)|
Fictional character biography
Luchino Nefaria is a wealthy Italian aristocrat, who while a traditionalist also desires greater wealth and power, driving him to join the criminal organization the Maggia. The recently formed superhero team the Avengers, however, thwart many of his plans and force a direct conflict, so Nefaria lures them to his castle on the pretence of a charity event, and places them in suspended animation, using images which threaten to take control of America. After he releases them, the Avengers become suspicious of him after hearing they are wanted and they cannot remember what happened at the castle. They go to the castle, however nearly all of them are paralyzed by Nefaria's gas. Meanwhile the Teen Brigade were captured by Nefaria, and when they tried to contact the Avengers were thrown in a dungeon which would place them into suspended animation if they touched the walls. Captain America gets into the castle without touching the ground, other Avengers, or walls, and freed the Teen Brigade, who gave the antidote to the Avengers. Captain America was also paralyzed, and with his hands and feet attached to ropes he was suspended between floor and ceiling, where Nefaria mocked him, saying he would be a hero for capturing him. However Iron Man then burst through the wall. Neferia was defeated and deported after an officer heard him confess to being in the Maggia. In retaliation, Nefaria then unsuccessfully attempts to destroy Iron Man, and then suffers yet another defeat when stopped by the mutant X-Men. Nefaria reappears several years later and attempts to take control of the United States base NORAD, but is stopped by the X-Men once again. Nefaria attempts to escape in a plane which is attacked by the X-Man Thunderbird. The plane then explodes, killing Thunderbird and injuring Nefaria.
Now virtually destitute and discredited, Nefaria hires the supervillains the Living Laser, Power Man, and Whirlwind to form the second Lethal Legion. The group rob several banks, and unwittingly finance an experiment Nefaria has created in a bid to become superhuman. Employing the former scientific adviser to Baron Heinrich Zemo, Nefaria devises a means of temporarily amplifying the abilities of the Lethal Legion, and then sends them into combat against the Avengers. The effect, however, is temporary and once defeated their combined abilities are drained by Nefaria, who possesses them magnified a hundredfold. After a long and protracted battle, Nefaria is finally defeated.
Nefaria is then kept in isolation and under observation by the Avengers, and it is discovered that the process to empower him makes Nefaria immortal but vulnerable as his body reconfigures itself. Whitney Frost, also known as Madame Masque and the daughter of Nefaria, attempts to find a cure for what she believes to be his deteriorating condition. She hires the Ani-Men to attack Avengers Mansion and free her father. While battling Iron Man, Nefaria's life-support system is severed and his weakened form is crushed by a stored Jupiter Landing Vehicle. Nefaria briefly reappears some time later as a corpse reanimated by the villain the Grim Reaper. The Reaper directs Nefaria to attack the Avengers, but loses control soon afterwards and Nefaria dies once again.
Nefaria eventually reappears, but in an ionic humanoid form, and constantly requires ionic energy to sustain his existence. He battles Iron Man  and later Captain America and Ka-Zar in the Savage Land as he attempts to find sources of energy. Nefaria then plans to detonate an ionic bomb, which will transform millions of people into an ionic state which he can then control, perceiving it as the best way to guarantee that he receives the respect that he feels he deserves. Nefaria gains control of the ionic heroes Wonder Man and Atlas who he intends to use to kill the Avengers, but he is stopped by the combined efforts of the Avengers, fellow superhero team the Thunderbolts and Madame Masque, Masque using a weapon she had developed to disrupt Nefaria's own ionic energy. He is next seen as an inmate of The Raft, a prison for supervillains, and escapes when Electro stages a mass breakout.
Following the Siege storyline, Madame Masque sought out her father to help the Hood after Loki took back the Norn Stones. The New Avengers capture John King (Hood's cousin) and use him to track the Hood and Madame Masque. After a battle with Count Nefaria, they capture the villains and bring all four of them to Maria Hill to place them under arrest.
Powers and abilities
Count Nefaria was a normal human until subjected to a process perfected by one of Baron Heinrich Zemo's scientists Dr. Kenneth Sturdy which granted him the combined powers of the villains the Living Laser (energy projection), Power Man (strength), and Whirlwind (speed), amplified a hundredfold.[volume & issue needed] Because of this, Nefaria is one of the physically strongest known humans in the Marvel Universe. He has toppled a 40-story building with little effort,[volume & issue needed] withstood a blow from Wonder Man without flinching,[volume & issue needed] fought an enraged Thor to a standstill with no apparent damage from strikes of his hammer, even stopping it with his bare hand,[volume & issue needed] and has withstood simultaneous attacks by multiple teams of Avengers at once and laughed it off.
The character then aged until his body evolved,[volume & issue needed] and eventually shifted to an ionic form, able to create ionic constructs and manipulate other ionic beings.[volume & issue needed] As such, Nefaria is now effectively immortal, and virtually indestructible. He also has the power of flight when before he could only leap great distances.[volume & issue needed] Although it is possible to deplete Nefaria's ionic energy in combat by forcing him to expend energy faster than his body can replenish it, Giant-Man has calculated that it would take three weeks of constant combat - without even giving Nefaria time to pause for breath - for even the combined forces of the Avengers and the Thunderbolts to deplete Nefaria's ionic energy reserves completely in that manner.[volume & issue needed] However, Madame Masque has developed a weapon that disrupts Nefaria's ionic energy.
House of M
Count Nefaria appears in the What If? story "What If the X-Men Died on their First Mission?" at the time he and the Ani-Men have taken control of NORAD (Uncanny X-Men #94-95). With the X-Men having perished in a prior fight with Krakoa, the former X-Man Beast hastily assembles a mutant team to combat Nefaria. While attempting to flee, Nefaria's jet is brought down by Theresa Cassidy. Though Nefaria escapes, Theresa avoids mainstream Thunderbird's fate when her teammate James Proudstar catches her before she falls to her death.
In other media
- Count Nefaria appears in the Iron Man segment of The Marvel Super Heroes.
- Count Nefaria appears in the Iron Man: Armored Adventures episode "Pepper, Interrupted", voiced by Russell Roberts. This version sports a cane that shoots electricity and is one (if the only known boss) of the Maggia. He, his right-hand man the Black Knight, and his Maggia have a negotiation with the Mandarin when some Maggia members catch Pepper snooping around the meeting area. When Iron Man arrives, a fight between the Tong and the Maggia breaks out. When Pepper tries to maneuver through the fight, Count Nefaria orders his men to catch her. Mandarin in his alias of Gene Kahn ends up saving Pepper as Count Nefaria ends up getting word that the police are approaching. Count Nefaria and Black Knight are arrested alongside the Maggia troops that didn't escape. In the episode "Armor Wars," Count Nefaria and his henchmen rob a bank when Guardsmen members Force and Shockwave appeared. Count Nefaria knocks down Force and Shockwave, but was defeated by Iron Man. It was later revealed by Pepper to Tony upon going into the FBI Database that Force and Shockwave worked for the Maggia before being outfitted with the Guardsmen armor by Obadiah Stane which meant to Tony that Force and Shockwave had Count Nefaria fake a bank robbery all along. In the episode "The Hawk and the Spider," it is revealed that Hawkeye's brother Barney Barton is in debt to Count Nefaria. In the same episode, Hawkeye and Black Widow planned to give the User Interface Chip they took from Iron Man (after he had swiped it from Stark International) until the User Interface Chip is taken from them by Justin Hammer in his Titanium Man armor. In the episode "The Hammer Falls," Justin Hammer has Count Nefaria captured where Justin suspects him as the person who's been blackmailing him and subjects him to the Zombie Gas.
- Count Nefaria is mentioned in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes episode "Widow's Sting." He has been contacted by Black Widow at the behest of HYDRA.
- A version of Count Nefaria is a frequent "guest" on the X-Men-centric podcast Uncanny X-Cast. This version of Count Nefaria is a vampire and speaks with a stereotypical vampire accent, similar to Count von Count from Sesame Street. One of the two hosts has a negative opinion of Count Nefaria, and usually tries to convince the other host to make the Count "leave."
- Avengers #13 (Feb. 1965)
- Tales of Suspense #67 (July 1965)
- Uncanny X-Men #22 - 23 (July - Aug. 1966)
- Uncanny X-Men #94 - #95 (Aug. - Oct 1975)
- Avengers #164 - 166 (Nov. 1977 - Jan. 1978)
- Iron Man #115 - 116 (Oct. - Nov. 1978)
- Avengers #353 - 354 (Early-Late Sept. 1992)
- Iron Man Annual 99
- Captain America #29 - 31 (vol. 3, June 2000)
- Avengers #32 - 34 (vol. 2, Sept. - Nov. 2000) and Thunderbolts #42 - 43 (Sept. - Oct 2000)
- New Avengers #1-2 (Jan-Feb 2005)
- New Avengers Finale one-shot
- Moon Knight #7
- Avengers vol.2 #34
- House of M: Masters of Evil #3
- JLA/Avengers #4
- What If vol. 2 #9 (1990)