Counts and Dukes of Aumale

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The County of Aumale, later elevated to a duchy, was a medieval fief in Normandy. It was disputed between England and France during parts of the Hundred Years' War.

Aumale in Norman & French nobility[edit]

The title was later re-created in 1547 for Francis, then styled Count of Aumale by courtesy. On his accession as Duke of Guise, he ceded it to his brother Claude, Duke of Aumale. It was later used as a title by Henri d'Orléans, the youngest son of Louis-Philippe, King of the French and Duke of Orléans.

The present titleholder is a grandson of the late Henri, Count of Paris, Orléans heir, and his wife, Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza of Brazil. Prince Foulques, Duke of Aumale, son of Prince Jacques, Duke of Orléans and the duchess, née Gersende de Sabran-Pontèves, added it to his title of Comte d'Eu.

Lords of Aumale[edit]

Norman Counts:

Counts of Aumale[edit]

Coat of arms of the Counts of Aumale, adopted late 12th century, at start of age of heraldry

Anglo-Norman Counts:

Counts of Aumale (House of Dammartin)[edit]

French Counts:

Coat of Arms of the Lords of Dammartin.

Counts of Aumale (House of Castile)[edit]

Counts of Aumale (House of Harcourt)[edit]

Counts of Aumale (House of Lorraine-Vaudémont)[edit]

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Guise.

Dukes of Aumale[edit]

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Aumale of the Lorraine family.

Aumale in the English peerage[edit]

Through the end of the Hundred Years' War, the kings of England at various times ruled Aumale, through their claims to be dukes of Normandy and later, kings of France. The title of Count or Duke of Aumale was granted several times during this period.

Earls of Aumale (1095)[edit]

In 1196, Philip II of France captured the castle of Aumale, and granted the title of "Count of Aumale" to Renaud de Dammartin. However, despite Philip's conquest of Aumale (and, subsequently, the remainder of Normandy), the kings of England continued to claim the Duchy of Normandy, and to recognize the old line of Counts or Earls of Aumale. These were:

Aveline married Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, in 1269, but she died without issue in 1274. A claim upon the inheritance by John de Eston (de Ashton) was settled in 1278 with the surrender of the earldom to the Crown.

Dukes of Aumale, first Creation (1385)[edit]

also: Duke of Gloucester (1385–1397), Earl of Essex (1376–1397), Earl of Buckingham (1377)

Dukes of Aumale, second Creation (1397)[edit]

also: Duke of York (1385), Earl of Cambridge (1362–1414), Earl of Rutland (1390–1402), Earl of Cork (c. 1396)

Earls of Aumale (1412)[edit]

also: Duke of Clarence (1412)

Counts of Aumale (1422)[edit]

also: Earl of Warwick (1088)

In further creations in the English peerage after the Hundred Years' War, Aumale was spelled in the Latinised form Albemarle. For these, see Duke of Albemarle and Earl of Albemarle.

References[edit]

See also[edit]