Count of Boulogne
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The Count of Boulogne is a historical title of France, centered on Boulogne-sur-Mer.
In Roman times, Boulogne was situated in the Roman provinces of Belgica. Boulogne was inhabited by Celtic tribes until Germanic peoples replaced them, effectively ending the Roman imperial rule. This area belonged to the province of Artois, but separated from it in the 15th century when it became part of the province of Picardy. Boulogne is now a part of Pas de Calais in present-day France.
The city of Boulogne-sur-Mer became the center of the county of Boulogne in the 9th century. The founder of the dynasty of the Counts of Boulogne is thought to have been Hernequin of Boulogne in the mid-ninth century. The city became the target of a succession of Viking raids soon thereafter. Little is known of the early Counts, but the first to hold the title under the political definition did not appear until the 11th century AD.
Eustace II of Boulogne accompanied William I of England (the Conqueror) during the Norman Conquest in 1066 and fought on his side at the Battle of Hastings. His son Eustace III was a major participant in the First Crusade with younger brothers Geoffrey and Baldwin, who later became King of Jerusalem. Upon the death of Baldwin, the throne was offered to Eustace, who was reluctant and ultimately declined the claim when the throne was offered to Geoffrey.
Count Renaud of Boulogne obtained the title by abducting and marrying the Countess Ida in 1190, and later gained title to Dammartin and Aumale. An early friend of King Philippe II Augustus, he turned against him by joining the forces of the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Bovines in 1214, where he was defeated, captured, imprisoned, and later committed suicide.
Boulogne passed under nominal royal control in 1223 when it was passed to Philippe Hurepel ("spiked hair"), son of Philippe II. Hurepel participated in the Crusade against the Albigensians in 1226 and later revolted in 1229 against the regent Blanche of Castile. He died in 1234, according to sources, after accidentally killing Count Florent IV of Holland in a tournament, whereupon he was slain by Count Dietrich V of Cleaves. The county reverted to the crown and was passed to Adelaide of Brabant, whose husband was William III of Auvergne.
Boulogne was attacked and besieged numerous times during the Hundred Years' War, switching hands between the English and French several times. In 1477, Bertrand VI of La Tour gave up the county to Louis XI, who in turn incorporated the county into France. Boulogne remained a part of France except for a brief period of English rule under Henry VIII of England. (see Sieges of Boulogne (1544–1546).)
William I of Blois (c. 1137 – 11 October 1159) was Count of Boulogne (1153–1159) and Earl of Surrey jure uxoris (1153–1159). He was the third son of King Stephen of England and Countess Matilda I of Boulogne.
Counts of Boulogne
- ?–882? : Hernequin
- ?–? : Odakar V or Odokar the Great
- ?–? : Inglebert I
- ?–? : Odakar VI
- ?–? : Arnoul II
House of Flanders
- 896–918 : Baldwin I (also count of Flanders)
- 918–933 : Adelolf (son of Baldwin I)
- 933–964 : Arnulf I (son of Baldwin I, also count of Flanders)
- 964–971 : Arnulf II (son of Adalolf)
- 971–990 : Arnulf III (son of)
- 990–1025 : Baldwin II (son of)
House of Boulogne
- 1032–1049 : Eustace I (son of)
- 1049–1087 : Eustace II (son of)
- 1087–1125 : Eustace III(son of)
- 1125–1151 : Matilda I (daughter of, married to Stephen of Blois, also Count of Blois, Count of Mortain, Duke of Normandy and King of England)
House of Blois
- 1151–1153 : Eustace IV (son of, also Count of Mortain)
- 1153–1159 : William I (brother of, also Count of Mortain and Earl of Surrey)
- 1159–1170 : Mary I (sister of, married Matthew of Alsace)
House of Alsace
- 1170–1173 : Matthew
- 1173–1216 : Ida (daughter of, married Renaud of Dammartin, Count of Dammartine and Count of Aumale)
- 1173–1180 : Matthew II
- 1181–1182 : Gerard
- 1183–1186 : Berthold
House of Dammartin
- 1216–1260 : Matilda II (also Queen of Portugal, Countess of Mortain, Countess of Aumale, and Countess of Dammartin, married)
House of Auvergne
- 1253–1260 : Damìèn of Auvergne (Count of Auvergne)
- 1260–1261 : Adelaide (Cousin of, married William III, Count of Auvergne)
- 1261–1277 : Robert I (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1277–1314 : Robert II (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1314–1325 : Robert III (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1325–1332 : William II (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1332–1360 : Joanna I (daughter of, also Countess of Auvergne, married)
House of Burgundy
- 1360–1361 : Philip III (son of, also Duke of Burgundy, Count of Auvergne, Count of Artois and Count of Franche-Compté)
House of Auvergne
- 1361–1386 : John II (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1386–1404 : John III (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1404–1424 : Joanna II (daughter of, also Countess of Auvergne, married)
- 1424–1437 : Mary II (cousin of, also Countess of Auvergne)
House of La Tour d'Auvergne
- 1437–1461 : Bertrand I (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1461–1497 : Bertrand II (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
- 1497–1501 : John V (son of, also Count of Auvergne)
After the death of John V, Count of Boulogne, the County of Boulogne was integrated into the royal domain.
- "NORTHERN FRANCE, NOBILITY". Retrieved 4 November 2007.