County of Longueville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Count of Longueville)
Jump to: navigation, search

Count of Longueville was a French noble title, whose holder had the fiefdom of the County of Longueville. The County was erected into a Duchy in 1505.

Origins[edit]

The Lordship of Longueville was a fief that belonged to the Giffard family.[1] William Marshal received half of this honour by right of his wife, Isabel de Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke[2] in 1191.[3] The heir of the other half was Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford.[2] After 1204, William Marshal managed to keep his part,[4] which in 1219 still belonged to his widow Isabel de Clare (Apr. 1172-1220) and her children in 1219.[5] On the death of Isabelle de Clare, his son William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke gave his brother Richard his land in Normandy or the honours of Longueville and Orbec. Richard died childless, and Louis IX of France seized the lands.[6]

Changes[edit]

In 1305, it was given by Philip IV his minister Enguerrand de Marigny only for him to be forfeited in 1314.

It belonged to the family of the Counts of Evreux until the death of Philip of Navarre, brother of Charles the Bad in 1363.

Charles V offered the county Bertrand du Guesclin on 27 May 1364.

The title of Comte de Longueville was awarded to Archibald Douglas, Earl of Wigtown (d.1438), and his son William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas (d.1440) in gratitude for the assistance to the future Charles VII of France by the Scottish army rescue led by Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, killed at the Battle of Verneuil in 1424.

Separation and Return[edit]

In 1364, following the death of John II of France, the County of Tancarville was separated from the County of Longueville, while the city of Montivilliers was attached to the royal demesne.

In 1505, the barony of Auffay was united to the county, which was created in Duchy in favour of François d'Orléans [7] Count Dunois

List of Lords and Counts[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Powicke Maurice The Loss of Normandy, 1189-1204. Studies in the History of the Angevin Empire, Manchester University Press, 1913 (1960 edition), p {{.}} 344.
  2. ^ a b David Crouch, "Marshal, William (I), fourth earl of Pembroke (c.1146-1219)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, publishing Online, May 2007.
  3. ^ Ibid., p. 304, n. 111, after T. Stapleton (ed.), Magni rotuli Scaccarii Normannie t. II, p. cxxxviiii sharing and confirmation in 1200 by John Lackland, see Thomas D. Hardy, Rotuli chartarum in Turri Londinensi asservati, London, 1835, p. 47.
  4. ^ Powicke Maurice The Loss of Normandy, 1189-1204. Studies in the History of the Angevin Empire, Manchester University Press, 1913 (1960 edition), p {{.}} 260, after: L. Delisle (ed.) Norman Cartulary Philip Augustus, Louis VIII, St. Louis and Philip the Hardy, Caen, 1882 (rééd. Geneva Mégariotis Reprints, 1978), p {{.}} 14 n 74 (Act of 1204, Arch. nat. in box J 399).
  5. ^ L. Delisle (ed.) Norman Cartulary Philip Augustus, Louis VIII, St. Louis and Philip the Hardy, Caen, 1882 (rééd. Geneva Mégariotis Reprints, 1978), p {{.}} N 304 ° 1120 (Act of July 1219, Arch. nat. in box J 387).
  6. ^ D. J. Power, "Marshal, Richard, sixth earl of Pembroke (d. 1234)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  7. ^ Source: www.heraldique-europeenne.org and: web.genealogie.free.fr]