Count of Vannes

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Count of Vannes was the title held by the rulers of the County of Vannes.

The earliest leader of Vannes was Waroch. He is credited with founding the Breton kingdom of Broërec before Europe's Carolingian era. Broërec remained independent after the early Breton kingdoms of the Vannetais and Domnonée were combined.

Upon the death of Alan the Great, Brittany was overrun by several Viking raiding parties. The Countship of Vannes was interrupted from 907 to approximately 937 when Alan the Fox returned to Brittany. Alan the Fox had been in exile in England, and returned to Brittany to expel the Vikings and restore his rule as both Count of Vannes and as Duke of Brittany. This was accomplished in 939 through his victory over the Vikings at the Battle of Trans-la-Forêt.

The Counts of Vannes provided most of the early Kings, and Dukes, of Brittany (see Duchy of Brittany).

List of the Counts of Vannes
  • Waroch (late 6th century) - credited with founding the early Breton Kingdom of Broërec. [a]
  • Judicael ap Hoel (early 7th century) - a future king of the early Breton Kingdom Domnonée.
  • Morman (late 8th century, early 9th century)
  • Wihomarc (early 9th century) [b]
  • Nominoe (or Nevenoe) (9th century)
  • Erispoe (9th century)
  • Ridoredh (9th century)
  • Pascweten (9th century)
  • Alan the Great (late 9th, early 10th century)
  • Rudalt
  • Alan the Fox (10th century)
  • Drogo (10th century) - the last Count of Vannes. [c]
  • The title Count of Vannes was effectively merged into the ducal crown of Brittany, and fell out of use. (The ducal crown of Brittany ultimately was merged into the crown of France.)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The claim that Waroch used the title Count of Vannes is uncertain.
  2. ^ The claim that Wihomarc was a Count of Vannes is uncertain. He is identified as a breton chieftain whose influence was in the westernmost regions of Brittany, rather than the territorial stronghold of Morman.
  3. ^ Drogo was a minor and his rule as both Count of Vannes and Duke of Brittany was under a Regency his entire life. He had no issue at his death. He was succeeded as Duke succeeded by the House of Rennes as they assumed leadership of the Duchy of Brittany. The title "Count of Vannes" ceased to be used from this time.

References[edit]