Noëlle, Countess of Rothes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Countess of Rothes)
Jump to: navigation, search
Noëlle, Countess of Rothes
Countess of rothes.jpg
The Countess of Rothes (1878–1956), photographed by Bassano, London, 1917
Born (1878-12-25)25 December 1878
Kensington, London
Died 12 September 1956(1956-09-12) (aged 77)
Hove, Sussex
Known for RMS Titanic
Title Countess of Rothes
Spouse(s) 19th Earl of Rothes
Claud Macfie
Children Malcolm George Dyer-Edwardes Leslie
John Wayland Leslie
Parents Thomas and Clementina Dyer-Edwardes
Relatives Gladys Cherry, husband's cousin

Lucy Noël Martha (Noëlle), Countess of Rothes (25 December 1878 – 12 September 1956) was the wife of the 19th Earl of Rothes. A noted philanthropist and social leader, she was a heroine of the Titanic disaster, famous for taking the tiller of her lifeboat and later helping row the craft to the safety of the rescue ship Carpathia.[1] The countess was for many years a popular figure in London society, known for her blonde beauty, bright personality, graceful dancing and the diligence with which she helped organize lavish entertainments patronized by English royalty and members of the nobility.[2] She was long involved in charity work throughout the U.K., most notably assisting the Red Cross with fundraising and as a nurse for the Coulter Hospital in London during World War I.[3] Lady Rothes was also a leading benefactor of the Queen Victoria School and The Chelsea Hospital for Women, known today as Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital.[4]

Childhood and married life[edit]

Born in Kensington, London, "Noëlle," as she spelled her forename of choice, was the only child of Thomas and Clementina Dyer-Edwardes. She was brought up at Prinknash Park, Gloucestershire, and Chateau de Retival, Caudebec-en-Caux, Normandy.[5] Noëlle Dyer-Edwardes married Norman Leslie, Earl of Rothes (pronounced "Roth-ez") on Primrose Day, 19 April 1900 at St Mary Abbots, Kensington, London.[6]

The countess' husband headed one of the oldest peerages in the United Kingdom, dating to before 1457, and was elected a Representative peer for Scotland, a position he held between 1906 and 1923. The Leslie family earldom was also one of the few which recognized the right of descent through female heirs. The Clan Leslie motto is "Grip Fast." Lord Rothes was a captain in the Fife Royal Garrison Artillery Militia, a lieutenant in the Royal Highland Regiment, known as the Black Watch, and a lieutenant-colonel in the Highland Cyclist Battalion.

The Leslies resided in England until 1904 when they took possession of the 10,000-acre family seat in Scotland, Leslie House in Leslie, Fife.[7] Although the couple kept homes in England, including a townhouse in Chelsea, London, they lived most of each year at their Scottish estate. The earl and countess shared a wide range of sporting interests, from hunting to cricket, and were active socially, attending royal and other society functions. They were frequently mentioned in the daily press, and Noëlle Rothes, in particular, was often photographed in the illustrated weeklies in London.[8]

Lord and Lady Rothes had two children:

  • Malcolm George Dyer-Edwardes Leslie, Lord Leslie (later 20th Earl of Rothes) (1902–1975), married Beryl Violet Dugdale, daughter of Captain James Lionel Dugdale and Maud Violet Woodroffe, on 17 July 1926 and had issue.
  • The Honourable John Wayland Leslie (1909–1991). He had issue.

In 1916 the earl was wounded in action in France during the First World War and recovered at the Coulter Hospital in London. He ascended to the rank of colonel in 1918.

Philanthropy, society and politics[edit]

Noëlle Rothes became well known for her prolific charitable work in England and Scotland. One of her first projects was helping arrange the Royal Caledonian Ball which annually benefited the Royal Caledonian Schools. The countess was also active for a number of years in fundraising for the Queen Victoria School, the Randolph Wemyss Memorial Hospital and the Chelsea Hospital for Women.

In addition, she served on the organizing or fundraising committees for such agencies as the The Princess Mary Scholarship at Cedars College for Blind Girls, the YMCA Bazaar, The Children's Guild, the Deptford Fund and the Village Clubs Association.[9] She also assisted the Duchess of Sutherland in planning costume balls and garden parties in aid of the National Milk Hostels which provided "wholesome milk for poor families."[10] Noëlle was joined in her charity work by other leading figures in London society, including Lady Londonderry, the Duchess of Devonshire, the Duchess of Marlborough and Lady Juliet Duff.[11]

In 1911 Noëlle began her long association with the Red Cross, establishing a branch in Leslie and endowing it with three ambulances. This led to a larger ambulance corps serving Fife, called the Countess of Rothes Voluntary Aid Detachment. That year she also underwent training herself as a nurse. Despite her busy work for national charities, Noëlle remained devoted to the welfare of local citizens. Along with holding village Christmas parties in Leslie, she established a club for young girls employed in Falkland factories, funded a clinic in the parish of Kinglassie and planned parties for the 2nd Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry.[12]

Noëlle's success as a patroness of philanthropic causes owed to her energetic personality and organizational skills but also to her popularity as a hostess, her beauty and her friendships with members of the British Royal Family and aristocracy, including H.R.H. Princess Louise and the Duchess of Wellington. She was an exceptionally adept dancer and amateur actress which she demonstrated at the entertainments she either hosted or organized for charity. Among these were a 1910 pageant at Falkland Palace, which she not only directed but appeared in; the "Tally Ho!" Ball the following year at Edinburgh's Musical Hall, where she danced in a special quadrille reel named for her; and the Coronation Garden Party later in 1911 at Devonshire House where she performed in a minuet that opened the festivity.

The countess was politically active. Although a Conservative, she supported the suffrage cause as a member of the Women's Unionist Association, chairing local chapters of the group at Markinch and in Leslie. She also opposed socialist initiatives and the proposed reform of Irish Home Rule.

Perhaps her finest achievement in service to others was nursing soldiers during World War I, first at Leslie House, a wing of which she converted into a hospital for troops invalided out of the conflict, and then at the Coulter Hospital in London. There she nursed her own husband after he was wounded in battle in 1916. She found the work fulfilling and stayed on for two years.[13] During her time with the Coulter Hospital, Noëlle helped produce the Hurlingham Fete, Fair and Sports, benefiting wounded soldiers, in 1918.[14]

Titanic disaster[edit]

Noëlle Rothes is best known as a heroine of the 1912 Titanic tragedy, helping to command her lifeboat, in concert with Able Seaman Thomas William (Tom) Jones. Noëlle handled the tiller of the boat, steering it clear of the sinking liner, and later assisted in rowing it to the rescue ship, all the while encouraging other survivors with her calm decisiveness and optimism.[15] She embarked at Southampton on 10 April with her parents, Thomas and Clementina Dyer-Edwardes, her husband's cousin Gladys Cherry, and her maid Roberta Maioni.[16] Her parents disembarked at Cherbourg, while the others continued, en route for New York and possibly Vancouver, British Columbia to meet the Earl of Rothes who was visiting the U.S. and Canada on business. Before the Titanic left Southampton, Noëlle granted an interview to a London correspondent for The New York Herald in which she explained she was going to the U.S. to join her husband who was at that time touring the west coast. She admitted they were also personally interested in purchasing an orange grove there. Asked by the reporter how she felt about "leaving London society for a California fruit farm," Noëlle replied, "I am full of joyful expectation."[17]

While Noëlle and Gladys were originally installed in a basic first class cabin, C-37, it is believed they upgraded to a more commodious suite, C-77. In an American press interview, Rothes was quoted as saying she and Cherry occupied stateroom B-77.[18] The women were in their beds when the Titanic collided with an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of 14 April. The pair was awakened by the crash and went up on deck to investigate. There they were instructed by Captain E.J. Smith, the Titanic's commander, to return to their cabin and don lifejackets.[18]

Noëlle, Gladys and Noëlle's maid were rescued in Lifeboat 8, which was lowered at approximately 1:00 a.m., over an hour after the collision. The boat was launched simultaneously with Lifeboat 6 but reached the water first, making it the first lifeboat afloat on the port side of the ship. Tom Jones, the sailor placed in charge of the boat by Captain Smith, later said Rothes "had a lot to say, so I put her to steering the boat," a roundabout compliment to her leadership abilities.[19] She took charge of the tiller, steering for over an hour before asking Gladys to take over while she stopped to comfort a young Spanish newlywed, María de Soto y Peñasco, whose husband was lost in the sinking. There she remained for the duration of the night, rowing all the while and helping to boost the morale of other women until their lifeboat was picked up by the Carpathia early the next morning.

When the Carpathia was sighted, cheers went up and several in their boat started to sing the Philip Bliss hymn "Pull for the Shore." Afterwards, Noëlle suggested "Lead, Kindly Light": "Lead, kindly light, amid the encircling gloom/Lead thou me on!/The night is dark, and I'm far from home/Lead thou me on!"

Once aboard the rescue vessel, she devoted herself to the care of steerage women and children from the Titanic.[20] As an account in the London Daily Sketch would record: "Her Ladyship helped to make clothes for the babies and became known amongst the crew as the 'plucky little countess.'" The newspaper added that a stewardess told Noëlle, "You have made yourself famous by rowing in the boat," to which she replied, "I hope not. I have done nothing." [21]

Noëlle did not welcome the publicity that proclaimed her a heroine, insisting it was the cool-headed leadership of Seaman Jones and the combined aid of her cousin-in-law and other occupants in the boat that night that deserved praise. As a token of her esteem, she presented Jones with an inscribed silver pocket watch; she also gave one to Steward Alfred Crawford in recognition for his assistance at the oars, rowing "doggedly for five hours." Jones later returned the largesse by gifting her the brass number plate from their lifeboat. Noëlle wrote to Jones every Christmas, and the two maintained a correspondence until her death.[15] The number plate is now in the possession of the Countess' grandson Alastair Leslie. The family also re-acquired Jones' watch when it was auctioned by his family after his death.

The Royal Naval Lifeboat Institute's Fraserburgh Lifeboat, introduced to service in 1915, was christened Lady Rothes. The lifeboat was provided as a gift from Thomas Dyer-Edwardes, the countess' father, in gratitude for his daughter's rescue from the Titanic.[12]

In 1918 an exhibition at the Grafton Galleries in London, benefiting the Red Cross, included a pair of pearls from the 300 year old heirloom necklace Noëlle wore when she escaped the Titanic.

Later life and second marriage[edit]

After Norman Rothes died in March 1927, Noëlle remarried on 22 December 1927, to Colonel Claud Macfie, DSO, in London. The countess retained her title. The couple had no children. While Noëlle and Claud maintained a home in Sussex, they lived most of the year at the Macfie estate, Fayre Court at Fairford, Gloucestershire.

In her last years Noëlle was interviewed by author Walter Lord for his epic account of the Titanic disaster, A Night to Remember, which brought her compelling story to a new generation on its publication in 1955.

Noëlle, Countess of Rothes died in Hove, Sussex, on 12 September 1956, having suffered for some time from heart disease. A memorial plaque was erected in her honor on the west wall of the chancel of St Mary's Church in Fairford. It reads: "Noëlle, Widow of the 19th Earl of Rothes, and Beloved Wife of Col. Claud Macfie D.S.O. of Fayre Court, Fairford, At Rest 12 Sept. 1956. Holiness is an infinite compassion for others. Greatness is to take the common things of life and walk truly among them. Happiness is a great love and much serving."[22]

Legacy[edit]

Noëlle was portrayed in the 1979 television movie SOS Titanic by Kate Howard; in James Cameron's 1997 film Titanic by Rochelle Rose; and in Julian Fellowes's 2012 mini-series Titanic by Pandora Colin. She is also mentioned in the first episode of the British TV series Downton Abbey as having spent some time with the Crawley family shortly before boarding the Titanic. Upon hearing of the disaster, the character of Cora, Countess of Grantham remarks; "Isn't this terrible? When you think how excited Lucy Rothes was at the prospect.'"

The bestselling 2012 e-book Lifeboat No. 8, by Elizabeth Kaye, focused on the countess' experiences in the Titanic's sinking.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, 20 April 1912.
  2. ^ The Bystander (London), 27 November 1907, p. 408; The Times, 13 June 1911, p. 12; and 21 November 1912, p. 8.
  3. ^ Tatler (London), 24 July 1918, p.95.
  4. ^ A Matter of Course : The Story of Noelle Rothes, Titanic's "Plucky Little Countess" by Randy Bryan Bigham; The Times, 6 May 1914, p. 4; and 16 December 1916, p. 11.
  5. ^ The Sketch (London), 20 December 1916, p. 243.
  6. ^ The Sketch (London), 25 April 1900, p. 8.
  7. ^ The Bystander (London), 27 November 1907, p. 408.
  8. ^ Tatler (London), 28 September 1910; The Bystander (London), 28 September 1910, p. 631; The Times, 16 May 1903; 30 July 1908; and 13 June 1910; Tatler (London), 24 July 1918, p. 95; The Sketch, 28 July 1920, p. 3.
  9. ^ The Times, 11 September 1922; 2 November 1920; 10 July 1907; and 1 November 1921.
  10. ^ The Times, 10 April 1919, p. 18; and 25 June 1920.
  11. ^ The Times, 21 June 1911,p. 13; and 21 November 1912, p. 8.
  12. ^ a b A Matter of Course : The Story of Noelle Rothes, Titanic's "Plucky Little Countess" by Randy Bryan Bigham
  13. ^ Tatler (London), 24 July 1918, p. 95.
  14. ^ The Sketch (London), 10 July 1918, p. 40.
  15. ^ a b Brewster, Hugh (2012). Gilded Lives, Fatal Voyage. New York: Crown Publishers. pp. 217–218, 288. ISBN 978-0-307-98470-8. 
  16. ^ New York Herald, 10 April 1912, p. 3.
  17. ^ New York Herald, 11 April 1912, p. 1; London Daily Graphic, 20 April 1912, p.9.
  18. ^ a b New York Herald, 22 April 1912, p. 1.
  19. ^ Lord, Walter (1955). A Night to Remember. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-307-98470-8. ; New York Times, 20 April 1912
  20. ^ Lehrer, Stanley; McMillan, Beverly (1998). Titanic: Fortune & Fate. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 96. ISBN 0-684-85710-3. 
  21. ^ London Daily Sketch, 30 April 1912.
  22. ^ Lewis-Jones, June (2011). Around Fairford: Through Time. Gloucestershire: Amberley Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-84868-951-0. 

External links[edit]