Counts of Castell
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The family appears already in 1057 with Robbrath de Castello. The County of Castell was created in AD1200, in the modern region of Franconia in northern Bavaria, Germany. Rulership of Castell was shared between the brothers Louis and Rupert II in 1223, and later with the brothers Albert II, Frederick II and Henry I in 1235. The County partitioned into Elder and Younger lines in 1254, which were reunited in 1347 with the extinction of the Elder branch. Castell was repartitioned in 1597 into Castell-Remlingen and Castell-Rüdenhausen. When Count Wolfgang Theodoric of Castell-Castell (itself a partition of Castell-Remlingen) died in 1709, the County of Castell was recreated as a partition. Castell was annexed to Castell-Castell in 1772.
Counts of Castell (1200–54)
- Rupert I (1200–23)
- Louis (1223–30) with...
- Rupert II (1223–35)
- Albert II (Count of Castell (Younger)) (1235–54) with...
- Frederick II (1235–51) and...
- Henry I (1235–54) and...
- Frederick III (1251–4)
Partitioned between Elder and Younger lines
Counts of the Elder Line of Castell (1254–347)
- Henry II (1254–307)
- Rupert II (1307–34)
- Henry III (1334–47)
Line extinct and inherited by the Younger line which renames itself to Castell
Counts of the Younger Line of Castell (1254–347)
- Albert II (Count of Castell) (1254–8)
- Herman II (1258–85)
- Frederick IV (Count of Castell) (1285–347)
Line inherited the Elder branch and was renamed to Castell
Counts of Castell (1347–597)
- Frederick IV, Count of Castell from the younger line (1347–9)
- Herman IV (1349–63) with...
- Frederick VII 1349–76) and...
- John I (1363–84) and...
- William I (1363–99)
- Leonard (1399–426)
- William II (1426–79)
- Frederick IX (1479–98)
- George I (1498–528) with...
- John III (1498–500) and...
- Wolfgang I (1498–546)
- Conrad II (1546–77) with...
- Frederick XI (1546–52) and...
- Henry IV (1546–95) and...
- George II (1546–97)
Counts of Castell (1709–72)
- Louis Frederick (1709–72) with...
- Christian Adolph Frederick (Count of Castell-Remlingen) (1743–62)
Inherited by Count Christian Frederick Charles of Castell-Castell.
The family was mediatized in 1806 and 1815, however without loss of its equal-to-royal rank, its two states incorporated into Bavaria. In 1901 both branches received the Bavarian rank of Princes (only in primogeniture). Through the marriage of Count Alexander Castell-Rüdenhausen (1866–928) with Ottilie Baroness von Faber from a well-known family of industrialists the branch of Faber-Castell was created in 1898. Castell, Texas, USA is named after Count Carl Frederick Christion of Castell-Castell (1801–50) who was the Vice President and Business Manager at the beginning of the Adelsverein, a German settlement organization. The present heads of the existing two branches are prince Albrecht of Castell-Castell and prince Johann-Friedrich of Castell-Rüdenhausen.
- Almanach de Gotha, Gotha 1901 and 1930
-  Biography (English) of Count Carl of Castell-Castell