County-controlled city

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This article is part of
a series on the
Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
1st Provinces
(省 shěng)
(streamlined)
Special municipalities
(直轄市 zhíxiáshì)
2nd Counties
(縣 xiàn)
Provincial cities
(市 shì)
3rd Districts
(區 qū)
County-controlled cities
(縣轄市 xiànxiáshì)
Urban townships
(鎮 zhèn)
Rural townships
(鄉 xiāng)
4th Urban villages
(里 lǐ)
Rural villages
(村 cūn)
5th Neighborhoods
(鄰 lín)


A county-controlled city (Chinese: 縣轄市; pinyin: xiànxiáshì) is a third level administrative division of Taiwan. On the same level as a Taiwanese township, it is the lowest-level city of Taiwan, below provincial city and special municipality. There are 17 county-controlled cities currently. A county-controlled city has urban villages (里) directly under it.

The two criteria of gaining county-controlled city status:

  • population between 150,000 and 500,000[1]
  • advanced industry and commerce, sufficient funds, and advanced infrastructure

The population criterion was originally 50,000 in the 1940s, but was raised to 100,000 in 1959, and again in 1977 to the present level.

At first, in late January 1946, there were only two county-controlled cities: Hualien and Yilan, which were both prefecture-controlled cities (州轄市) under Japanese Rule. (The ROC government did not create such cities on the Mainland before they relocated to Taiwan.) Currently Chiayi County has the most county-controlled cities (2). For current county-controlled cities, see the table below:

County-controlled cities in Taiwan[edit]

Romanization Chinese Wade–Giles Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Pha̍k-fa-sṳ County located
Changhua City 彰化市 Chang¹-hua⁴ Jhanghuà Zhānghuà Chiong-hòa Chông-fa Changhua County
Douliu City 斗六市 Tou³-liu⁴ Dǒuliòu Dǒuliù Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk Yunlin County
Hualien City 花蓮市 Hua¹-lien² Hualián Huālián Hoa-liân Fâ-lièn Hualien County
Magong City 馬公市 Ma³-kung¹ Mǎgong Mǎgōng Má-keng Mâ-kûng Penghu County
Miaoli City 苗栗市 Miao²-li⁴ Miáolì Miáolì Biâu-le̍k Mèu-li̍t Miaoli County
Nantou City 南投市 Nan²-t'ou² Nántóu Nántóu Lâm-tâu Nàm-thèu Nantou County
Pingtung City 屏東市 P'ing²-tung¹ Píngdong Píngdōng Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng Pingtung County
Puzi City 朴子市 P'u¹-tzu³ Puzǐh Pūzǐ Phò-chú Phú-chṳ́ Chiayi County
Taibao City 太保市 T'ai⁴-pao³ Tàibǎo Tàibǎo Thài-pó Thai-pó Chiayi County
Taitung City 臺東市 T'ai²-tung¹ Táidong Táidōng Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng Taitung County
Yilan City 宜蘭市 I²-lan² Yílán Yílán Gî-lân Ngì-làn Yilan County
Zhubei City 竹北市 Chu²-pei³ Jhúběi Zhúběi Tek-pak Tsuk-pet Hsinchu County

Timeline[edit]

Below, unless noted otherwise in parenthesis, the newly created cities were towns that exceeded the 150,000 criteria.

Date Addition Removal No. Description
January, 1946 Hualien City
Yilan City
2 Reform from the prefectural cities in the period under Japanese rule.
August 16, 1950 Chiayi City 3 Downgraded from provincial city
December 1, 1951 Changhua City
Hsinchu City
Pingtung City
6 Downgraded from provincial cities
April 1, 1962 Sanchong City 7 The population requirement of county-controlled cities is set to 100,000.
July 1, 1967[2] Zhongli City 8
April 21, 1971[3] Taoyuan City 9
July 1, 1972 Banqiao City
Fengshan City
11
January 1, 1976 Taitung City 12
March 1, 1976 Fengyuan City 13
January 1, 1979 Yonghe City
Zhonghe City
15 The population requirement of county-controlled cities changed to 150,000.
January 15, 1980 Xindian City
Xinzhuang City
17
December 25, 1981 Douliu City
Magong City
Miaoli City
Nantou City
Xinying City
22 All county seats upgraded from urban township (Zhèn) to county-controlled cities.
July 1, 1982 Chiayi City
Hsinchu City
20 Upgraded to provincial cities
October 31, 1988 Zhubei City 21 County seat
July 1, 1991 Taibao City 22 County seat
March 1, 1992 Pingzhen City 23
September 10, 1992 Puzi City 24 Originally rural township (Xiāng), county seat.
May 1, 1993 Yongkang City 25 Originally rural township (Xiāng).
June 26, 1993 Tucheng City 26
November 1, 1993 Dali City 27
January 1, 1995 Bade City 28
August 1, 1996 Taiping City 29
October 6, 1997 Luzhou City 30
July 1, 1999 Xizhi City 31
October 4, 1999 Shulin City 32
August 1, 2010 Yangmei City 33
December 25, 2010 Banqiao City
Dali City
Fongshan City
Fengyuan City
Luzhou City
Sanchong City
Shulin City
Taiping City
Tucheng City
Xindian City
Xinying City
Xinzhuang City
Xizhi City
Yonghe City
Yongkang City
Zhonghe City
17 New special municipalities established in Taipei County, Taichung, Tainan, and
Kaohsiung; all county-controlled cities in such places were renamed districts (Qū).
June 3, 2014 Luzhu City 18
December 25, 2014 Bade City
Pingzhen City
Taoyuan City
Yangmei City
Zhongli City
Luzhu City
12 New special municipality established in Taoyuan County; all county-controlled cities
in such places were renamed as districts (Qū).

Lienchiang and Kinmen County do not have any cities.

See also[edit]

Reference[edit]