County-controlled city

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A county-administered city/ county-controlled city (Chinese: 縣轄市; pinyin: xiànxiáshì) is a third level administrative division of Taiwan. On the same level as a Taiwanese township, it is the lowest-level city of Taiwan, below provincial city and special municipality. There are 17 county-controlled cities currently. A county-controlled city has urban villages (里) directly under it.

The two criteria of gaining county-administered city status:

  • population between 150,000 and 500,000[1]
  • advanced industry and commerce, sufficient funds, and advanced infrastructure

The population criterion was originally 50,000 in the 1940s, but was raised to 100,000 in 1959, and again in 1977 to the present level.

At first, in late January 1946, there were only two county-controlled cities: Hualien and Yilan, which were both prefecture-controlled cities (州轄市) under Japanese Rule. (The ROC government did not create such cities on the Mainland before they relocated to Taiwan.) Currently Chiayi County has the most county-controlled cities (2). For current county-controlled cities, see the table below:

County-administered cities in Taiwan[edit]

Romanization Chinese Wade–Giles Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Pha̍k-fa-sṳ County located Establishment
Changhua 彰化市 Chang¹-hua⁴ Jhanghuà Zhānghuà Chiong-hòa Chông-fa Changhua County 1951-12-01
Douliu 斗六市 Tou³-liu⁴ Dǒuliòu Dǒuliù Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk Yunlin County 1981-12-25
Hualien 花蓮市 Hua¹-lien² Hualián Huālián Hoa-liân Fâ-lièn Hualien County 1946-01-16
Magong 馬公市 Ma³-kung¹ Mǎgong Mǎgōng Má-keng Mâ-kûng Penghu County 1981-12-25
Miaoli 苗栗市 Miao²-li⁴ Miáolì Miáolì Biâu-le̍k Mèu-li̍t Miaoli County 1981-12-25
Nantou 南投市 Nan²-t'ou² Nántóu Nántóu Lâm-tâu Nàm-thèu Nantou County 1981-12-25
Pingtung 屏東市 P'ing²-tung¹ Píngdong Píngdōng Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng Pingtung County 1951-12-01
Puzi 朴子市 P'u¹-tzu³ Puzǐh Pūzǐ Phò-chú Phú-chṳ́ Chiayi County 1992-09-10
Taibao 太保市 T'ai⁴-pao³ Tàibǎo Tàibǎo Thài-pó Thai-pó Chiayi County 1991-07-01
Taitung 臺東市 T'ai²-tung¹ Táidong Táidōng Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng Taitung County 1976-01-01
Yilan 宜蘭市 I²-lan² Yílán Yílán Gî-lân Ngì-làn Yilan County 1946-01-16
Zhubei 竹北市 Chu²-pei³ Jhúběi Zhúběi Tek-pak Tsuk-pet Hsinchu County 1988-10-31

Timeline[edit]

Below, unless noted otherwise in parenthesis, the newly created cities were towns that exceeded the 150,000 criteria.

Date Addition Removal No. Description
January, 1946 Hualien
Yilan
2 Reform from the prefectural cities in the period under Japanese rule.
August 16, 1950 Chiayi 3 Downgraded from provincial city
December 1, 1951 Changhua
Hsinchu
Pingtung
6 Downgraded from provincial cities
April 1, 1962 Sanchong 7 The population requirement of county-controlled cities is set to 100,000.
July 1, 1967[2] Zhongli 8
April 21, 1971[3] Taoyuan 9
July 1, 1972 Banqiao
Fengshan
11
January 1, 1976 Taitung 12
March 1, 1976 Fengyuan 13
January 1, 1979 Yonghe
Zhonghe
15 The population requirement of county-controlled cities changed to 150,000.
January 15, 1980 Xindian
Xinzhuang
17
December 25, 1981 Douliu
Magong
Miaoli
Nantou
Xinying
22 All county seats in Taiwan Province were upgraded from urban township (Zhèn) to county-controlled cities.
July 1, 1982 Chiayi
Hsinchu
20 Upgraded to provincial cities
October 31, 1988 Zhubei 21 County seat
July 1, 1991 Taibao 22 County seat
March 1, 1992 Pingzhen 23
September 10, 1992 Puzi 24 Originally rural township (Xiāng), county seat.
May 1, 1993 Yongkang 25 Originally rural township (Xiāng).
June 26, 1993 Tucheng 26
November 1, 1993 Dali 27
January 1, 1995 Bade 28
August 1, 1996 Taiping 29
October 6, 1997 Luzhou 30
July 1, 1999 Xizhi 31
October 4, 1999 Shulin 32
August 1, 2010 Yangmei 33
December 25, 2010 Banqiao
Dali
Fengshan
Fengyuan
Luzhou
Sanchong
Shulin
Taiping
Tucheng
Xindian
Xinying
Xinzhuang
Xizhi
Yonghe
Yongkang
Zhonghe
17 New special municipalities established in Taipei County, Taichung, Tainan, and
Kaohsiung; all county-controlled cities in such places were renamed districts (Qū).
June 3, 2014 Luzhu 18
December 25, 2014 Bade
Pingzhen
Taoyuan
Yangmei
Zhongli
Luzhu
12 New special municipality established in Taoyuan County; all county-controlled cities
in such places were renamed as districts (Qū).

Lienchiang and Kinmen County do not have any city.

See also[edit]

Reference[edit]