County-controlled city

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This article is part of
a series on the
Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
1st Provinces
(省 shěng)
(streamlined)
Special municipalities
(直轄市 zhíxiáshì)
2nd Counties
(縣 xiàn)
Provincial cities
(市 shì)
3rd Districts
(區 qū)
County-controlled cities
(縣轄市 xiànxiáshì)
Urban townships
(鎮 zhèn)
Rural townships
(鄉 xiāng)
4th Urban villages
(里 lǐ)
Rural villages
(村 cūn)
5th Neighborhoods
(鄰 lín)


A county-controlled city (Chinese: 縣轄市; pinyin: xiànxiáshì) is a third level administrative division of Taiwan. On the same level as a Taiwanese township, it is the lowest-level city of Taiwan, below provincial city and special municipality. There are 17 county-controlled cities currently. A county-controlled city has urban villages (里) directly under it.

The two criteria of gaining county-controlled city status:

  • population between 150,000 and 500,000
  • advanced industry and commerce, sufficient funds, and advanced infrastructure

The population criterion was originally 50,000 in the 1940s, but was raised to 100,000 in 1959, and again in 1977 to the present level.

At first, in late January 1946, there were only two county-controlled cities: Hualien and Yilan, which were both prefecture-controlled cities (州轄市) under Japanese Rule. (The ROC government did not create such cities on the Mainland before they relocated to Taiwan.) Currently Taoyuan County has the most county-controlled cities (5). For current county-controlled cities, see the table below:

County-controlled cities in Taiwan[edit]

No. Romanization Chinese Wade–Giles Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Pha̍k-fa-sṳ County located Mayor
1 Bade City 八德市 Pa¹-teh² Badé Bādé Pat-tek Pat-tet Taoyuan County Ho Cheng-sen
2 Changhua City 彰化市 Chang¹-hua⁴ Jhanghuà Zhānghuà Chiong-hòa Chông-fa Changhua County Chiu Chien-fu
3 Douliu City 斗六市 Tou³-liu⁴ Dǒuliòu Dǒuliù Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk Yunlin County Hsieh Shu-ya
4 Hualien City 花蓮市 Hua¹-lien² Hualián Huālián Hoa-liân Fâ-lièn Hualien County Tien Chih-hsuan
5 Magong City 馬公市 Ma³-kung¹ Mǎgong Mǎgōng Má-keng Mâ-kûng Penghu County Su Kun-hsiung
6 Miaoli City 苗栗市 Miao²-li⁴ Miáolì Miáolì Biâu-le̍k Mèu-li̍t Miaoli County Chiu Ping-kun
7 Nantou City 南投市 Nan²-t'ou² Nántóu Nántóu Lâm-tâu Nàm-thèu Nantou County Hsu Shu-hua
8 Pingtung City 屏東市 P'ing²-tung¹ Píngdong Píngdōng Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng Pingtung County Yeh Shou-shan
9 Pingzhen City 平鎮市 P'ing²-chen⁴ Píngjhèn Píngzhèn Pêng-tìn Phìn-tsṳ́n Taoyuan County Chen Wan-de
10 Puzi City 朴子市 P'u¹-tzu³ Puzǐh Pūzǐ Phò-chú Phú-chṳ́ Chiayi County Wang Ru-jing
11 Taibao City 太保市 T'ai⁴-pao³ Tàibǎo Tàibǎo Thài-pó Thai-pó Chiayi County Tung Kuo-cheng
12 Taitung City 臺東市 T'ai²-tung¹ Táidong Táidōng Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng Taitung County Chen Chien-ke
13 Taoyuan City 桃園市 T'ao²-yüan² Táoyuán Táoyuán Thô-hng Thò-yèn Taoyuan County Su Chia-ming
14 Yangmei City 楊梅市 Yang²-mei² Yángméi Yángméi Iûⁿ-mûi Yông-muì Taoyuan County Peng Sheng-fu
15 Yilan City 宜蘭市 I²-lan² Yílán Yílán Gî-lân Ngì-làn Yilan County Huang Ding-ho
16 Zhongli City 中壢市 Chung¹-li⁴ Jhonglì Zhōnglì Tiong-lek Chûng-la̍k Taoyuan County Lu Ming-che
17 Zhubei City 竹北市 Chu²-pei³ Jhúběi Zhúběi Tek-pak Tsuk-pet Hsinchu County Yang Jing-ci

Reorganisation[edit]

County-controlled cities in Taoyuan County will be reorganised as Districts on 25 December 2014.

  • Bade City → Bade District
  • Pingzhen City → Pingzhen District
  • Taoyuan City → Taoyuan District
  • Yangmei City → Yangmei District
  • Zhongli City → Zhongli District

Timeline[edit]

Below, unless noted otherwise in parenthesis, the newly created cities were towns that exceeded the 150,000 criteria.

Date Addition Removal No. Description
January, 1946 Hualien City
Yilan City
2 Reform from the prefectural cities in the period under Japanese rule.
August 16, 1950 Chiayi City 3 Downgraded from provincial city
December 1, 1951 Changhua City
Hsinchu City
Pingtung City
6 Downgraded from provincial cities
April 1, 1962 Sanchong City, Taipei County 7 The population requirement of county-controlled cities is set to 100,000.
July 1, 1962 Zhongli City, Taoyuan County 8
January 25, 1971 Taoyuan City, Taoyuan County 9
July 1, 1972 Banqiao City, Taipei County
Fengshan City, Kaohsiung County
11
January 1, 1976 Taitung City, Taitung County 12
March 1, 1976 Fengyuan, Taichung County 13
January 1, 1979 Yonghe City, Taipei County
Zhonghe City, Taipei County
15 The population requirement of county-controlled cities changed to 150,000.
January 15, 1980 Xindian City, Taipei County
Xinzhuang City, Taipei County
17
December 25, 1981 Douliu City, Yunlin County
Magong City, Penghu County
Miaoli City, Miaoli County
Nantou City, Nantou County
Xinying City, Tainan County
22 All county seats upgraded from urban township (Zhèn) to county-controlled cities.
July 1, 1982 Chiayi City
Hsinchu City
20 Upgraded to provincial cities
October 31, 1988 Zhubei City, Hsinchu County 21 County seat
July 1, 1991 Taibao City, Chiayi County 22 County seat
March 1, 1992 Pingzhen City, Taoyuan County 23
September 10, 1992 Puzi City, Chiayi County 24 Originally rural township (Xiāng), county seat.
May 1, 1993 Yongkang City, Tainan County 25 Originally rural township (Xiāng).
June 26, 1993 Tucheng City, Taipei County 26
November 1, 1993 Dali City, Taichung County 27
January 1, 1995 Bade City, Taoyuan County 28
August 1, 1996 Taiping City, Taichung County 29
October 6, 1997 Luzhou City, Taipei County 30
July 1, 1999 Xizhi City, Taipei County 31
October 4, 1999 Shulin City, Taipei County 32
August 1, 2010 Yangmei City, Taoyuan County 33
December 25, 2010 Banqiao City, Taipei County
Dali City, Taichung County
Fongshan City, Kaohsiung County
Fengyuan City, Taichung County
Luzhou City, Taipei County
Sanchong City, Taipei County
Shulin City, Taipei County
Taiping City, Taichung County
Tucheng City, Taipei County
Xindian City, Taipei County
Xinying City, Tainan County
Xinzhuang City, Taipei County
Xizhi City, Taipei County
Yonghe City, Taipei County
Yongkang City, Tainan County
Zhonghe City, Taipei County
17 New special municipalities established in Taipei County, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung; all county-controlled cities in such places were renamed districts (Qū).
December 25, 2014 Bade City, Taoyuan County
Pingzhen City, Taoyuan County
Taoyuan City, Taoyuan County
Yangmei City, Taoyuan County
Zhongli CityTaoyuan County
5 New special municipalities established in Taoyuan County; all county-controlled cities in such places will be rename as districts (Qū).

Lienchiang and Kinmen County do not have any cities.

See also[edit]