County Palatine of Tipperary Act 1715

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The County Palatine of Tipperary Act 1715 is an Act of the Parliament of Ireland (2 Geo 1 c. 8). This Act enabled the purchase by the crown of the Palatine Rights in the County Tipperary given to the Earls of Ormond, later Dukes of Ormonde, over the preceding centuries. Prior to the Act, the dukes appointed the sheriffs and judges of the county and owned certain revenues from the county which would otherwise have gone to the Crown.

The passing of the Act was followed almost at once by the attainder for treason of James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, who fled to France on suspicion of being involved in the Jacobite Rising of 1715. Although his titles and estates were restored at the end of the eighteenth century to another branch of the Butler family, there was no question of reviving the Court, which was by then an anachronism.

Although the position of judge of the Palatine Court was regarded as a sinecure, it is interesting that several holders of the office were judges of high repute. They included: