County Road 492 (Marquette County, Michigan)

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County Road 492  marker

County Road 492
CR 492 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MCRC
Length: 12.986 mi[2] (20.899 km)
Existed: 1936[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 41 / M‑28 in Negaunee
 

M‑35 in Negaunee Township

US 41 / M‑28 in Marquette Township
East end: Lakeshore Boulevard in Marquette
Location
Counties: Marquette
Highway system
Marquette County Roads

County Road 492 (CR 492, Co. Rd. 492) is a primary county road in Marquette County, Michigan. The road serves as an alternate route between Negaunee and Marquette. Several historic sites line the roadway as it runs south and parallel to the main highway, U.S. Highway 41 (US 41) and M-28, through the Marquette Iron Range in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The path of the road runs near tracks of the Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad (LS&I). The locally created Iron Ore Heritage Trail will follow CR 492 through Eagle Mills and Morgan Meadows upon completion. The western terminus of the county road is on US 41/M-28 in Negaunee and the eastern end is in Marquette next to Lake Superior.

CR 492 was previously known as the Marquette–Negaunee Road before it was made a part of the State Trunkline Highway System. It was originally designated as a part of M-15 as early as 1917. The superintendent of the Marquette County Road Commission, Kenneth Ingalls Sawyer, painted the first rural highway centerline on the roadway on Dead Man's Curve. The highway was later a part of M-28 before being transferred back to county control. The highway assumed its current form by 2001. The eastern section along Brookton Road in Marquette Township was redesignated as a county secondary highway when a new connection to US 41/M-28 was opened, and the designation was extended along Wright Street on the west and north sides of Marquette.

Route description[edit]

In the city of Negaunee, CR 492 is a part of Maas Street, which runs east–west through town starting at Teal Lake. CR 492 begins at the intersection of Maas Street and US 41/M-28 in Negaunee next to Miners Park. From there, CR 492 passes some businesses near the highway before running through a residential area. East of Woodland Drive, the street runs downhill into a more rural section of town. In this area, the roadway runs through forested terrain parallel to tracks of the LS&I. The road then loops to the north away from the tracks, crossing the Carp River next to the Forge Road intersection.[3] Through this area, the Iron Ore Heritage Trail, a new multi-use trail system, was built to follow CR 492,[4] and opened in 2013.[5] Forge Road runs north to the Michigan Iron Industry Museum on the site of the Carp River Forge, the original iron ore forge in the region.[6] Maas Street runs along the south side of the city cemetery. The cemetery main gate is located near the city limits, where Maas Street ends and CR 492 continues into Negaunee Township.[2]

Photograph of CR 492
By the Negaunee City Cemetery gates

CR 492 intersects M-35 near Eagle Mills Location. M-35 approaches the county road from the north before it turns east to run concurrently with CR 492. The two roadway designations cross a rail track before M-35 separates and turns south; traffic along the state highway must yield the right-of-way to traffic on the county road in the process.[3] Eagle Mills is the location of the main LS&I rail yard and the former Pioneer Pellet Plant. CR 492 curves away from this industrial area to the northeast. The roadway crosses Morgan Creek and enters the Morgan Heights area on the border of Negaunee Township and Marquette Township.[2] This is the site of the first tuberculosis sanatorium in the Upper Peninsula built in 1911; the facility is said to have been haunted before the main buildings were torn down around 2002.[7] The road continues east through forested lands in Marquette Township, rounding Dead Man's Curve and running downhill into the Morgan Meadows area.[3] CR 492 passes a convent of the Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres before entering a residential area.[8] The road curves north past these subdivisions, meeting the western end of CR 500 (Grove Street). Further north, CR 492 intersects Brookton Road before the southern segment terminates at US 41/M-28 in the middle of Marquette Township's commercial corridor.[3]

Photograph of
Dead Man's Curve, 2013

The county road designation continues north on Wright Street. This segment of CR 492 is separated from the southern section by US 41/M-28. Traffic crossing between the two sides have to use the main highway through median turn arounds in a maneuver similar to a Michigan left. The roadway leaves the commercial corridor and returns to woodland before the intersection with Forestville Road and Commerce Drive. Wright Street curves to the northeast and then the east crossing into the westernmost section of the City of Marquette. As Wright Street continues eastward, it runs through a residential section along part of the city line before completely crossing into Marquette. The roadway passes the Holy Cross Cemetery and the north side of the campus of Northern Michigan University (NMU). The northern main entrance to campus is located at the intersection with CR 550 (Sugar Loaf Avenue) and Tracy Avenue. Wright Street passes through residential neighborhoods east of CR 550 before meeting Presque Isle Avenue. East of that intersection, CR 492 crosses onto the northern edge of NMU's campus immediately north of the Superior Dome. Wright Street ends as it curves around to the south into a junction with Lakeshore Boulevard at the shore of Lake Superior.[3]

History[edit]

The first roadway along the route of the modern CR 492 was a plank road built by the Cleveland and Sharon Iron Companies in the 1850s.[9] The roadway was originally named the Marquette–Negaunee Road, due to its endpoints. The road was included as a section of "Division 8" in the State Trunkline Highway System when that was created on May 13, 1913.[10] In 1917, the first highway centerline in the nation was painted along a section of the road known as "Dead Man's Curve".[11][12] The centerline was painted by Kenneth Ingalls Sawyer, long-time superintendent of the county road commission.[13] Traffic along the road was heavy for the era, and along the curves, drivers would follow the innermost side instead of keeping to their own lane. Sawyer added arrows to indicate travel direction and found that motorists used the appropriate travel lanes.[14]

An old photograph of
Dead Man's Curve along the Marquette–Negaunee Road shown in 1917 with its hand-painted centerline, the first in the nation

At this time, the road carried an unsigned designation of "Trunk Line 15" (T.L. 15) as designated by the Michigan State Highway Department (MSHD).[15] This designation was changed to M-15[16] by the time the state highway system was signed by MSHD in 1919.[17] With the creation of the United States Highway System on November 11, 1926,[18] M-15 in Michigan was redesignated as a part of the larger US 41.[18] Between Negaunee and Marquette, US 41 was routed north of the Marquette–Negaunee Road, following a section of M-35 out of downtown Negaunee. At the same time, M-28 was extended eastward through the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Between Negaunee and Marquette, M-28 followed the old routing of M-15.[19] By 1936, M-28 was shifted to follow US 41 between Negaunee and Marquette, transferring the old Marquette–Negaunee Road to county control.[1]

After this transfer, the roadway carried the CR 492 designation. In 1964, several abandoned underground mine shafts collapsed underneath M-35 in Negaunee, and M-35 was rerouted out of the city along its current roadway through Negaunee Township, connecting with CR 492.[20] The eastern end of CR 492 was moved by 2001. Before this realignment, CR 492 followed Brookton Road, parallel to US 41/M-28 before turning to the previous terminus just west of the border between Marquette Township and the City of Marquette. After the change, CR 492 turned north to intersect the highway opposite of Wright Street. The CR 492 designation was extended along Wright Street at the same time.[21] In 2006, the city of Marquette extended Wright Street to end at Lakeshore Boulevard.[22]

In 2010, the county road commission built an extension to Commerce Drive across US 41/M-28. This extension was designed to connect the southern and northern segments of CR 492 severed by traffic flow changes along US 41/M-28. Traffic wishing to cross between the two segments needs to follow US 41/M-28 to a median turn around in a maneuver similar to a Michigan left. After the project was completed, motorists gained a second option to cross between the two segments of CR 492 following Brookton Road to the Commerce Drive extension and around the Westwood Mall to Wright Street. This newer connector is designed for 35-mile-per-hour (56 km/h) traffic.[23] The stop light at the US 41/M-28 intersection was installed in early November to complete the project.[24] In August 2010, the speed limits along Wright Street were increased. After the results of a speed study, the limits were increased from 25 and 35 mph (40 and 56 km/h) to 35, 40 and 45 mph (56, 64 and 72 km/h).[25]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire road is in Marquette County.

Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
Negaunee 0.000 0.000 US 41 / M‑28 / LSCT Street continues west as Maas Street
2.019 3.249 Forge Road (Co. Rd. JQ) Access to Michigan Iron Industry Museum
Negaunee Township 3.405 5.480 M‑35 north Western end of M-35 concurrency
3.460 5.568 M‑35 south Eastern end of M-35 concurrency
Marquette Township 7.802 12.556 CR 500 (Grove Street)
8.787 14.141 Brookton Road (Co. Rd. HF) Formerly CR 492
8.912 14.342 US 41 / M‑28 / LSCT
9.524 15.327 Forestville Road north (Co. Rd. HQ)
CR 505 east (Commerce Drive)
Marquette 10.695 17.212 CR 498 south (Ontario Street)
12.195 19.626 CR 550 north (Sugar Loaf Avenue to Big Bay Road)
12.986 20.899 Lakeshore Boulevard
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1936). 1936 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  2. ^ a b c d Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Cartography by Michigan Center for Geographic Information. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/prfinder/. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e Google Inc. "Overview Map of CR 492". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-41+%26+Maas+Street,+Negaunee,+MI&daddr=46.51854,-87.561722+to:46.52457,-87.48982+to:46.56477,-87.43711+to:Wright+Street+%26+Lakeshore+Boulevard,+Marquette,+MI&geocode=FRa9xQIdaFDH-iG3eN8HS2v8TymFeXiU7cJRTTFqy5s3nA_GkA%3BFQzRxQIdBurH-inRZy2NMd1RTTGYuzgQQRsCsw%3BFZroxQId5ALJ-ik7wMDp091RTTEGEo4AbS2y_w%3BFaKFxgIdytDJ-im_ASUt1dhRTTF3ZifNZm9gow%3BFZN9xgIdGIvK-ild43hDrSBOTTHZM89XpcemWw&hl=en&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=3&sz=12&via=1,2,3&sll=46.53874,-87.495245&sspn=0.222462,0.232773&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=12. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  4. ^ Lake Superior Community Partnership (February 2008) (PDF). Iron Ore Heritage Trail Map (Map). Cartography by UP Engineers and Architects. Archived from the original on August 9, 2012. http://ironoreheritage.com/wp-content/themes/ironoreheritage/images/map.pdf. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
  5. ^ Jay, Zach (August 14, 2013). "Iron Ore Heritage Trail Ribbon Cutting: Newly connected, Local, State Officials Attend Ceremony To Open Trail Section". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). pp. 1A, 7A. ISSN 0898-4964. 
  6. ^ Reynolds, Terry S. (January 1989). "Iron in the Wilderness: The Michigan Iron Industry Museum". Technology and Culture (Society for the History of Technology) 30 (1): 112–117. JSTOR 3105434. 
  7. ^ Moeller, Miriam (October 31, 2008). "Is an Old Tuberculosis Sanatorium Haunted?". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on January 8, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2010. 
  8. ^ Staff (December 22, 2009). "Marquette Location". Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres. Retrieved July 17, 2010. 
  9. ^ G. Woodworth Colton & Co. (c. 1857–61). Map of a Portion of Marquette County (Map). 1 in:1 mi. Cartography by G. Woodworth Colton. OCLC 28982417.
  10. ^ Michigan Legislature (1915). "Chapter 91: State Reward Trunk Line Highways". In Shields, Edmund C.; Black, Cyrenius P. & Broomfield, Archibald. The Compiled Laws of the State of Michigan, Volume I. Lansing, MI: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford. pp. 1868–72. OCLC 44724558. Retrieved January 24, 2012. 
  11. ^ Ward, Sue (January 1998). "Brookton Road History: And You Thought the Curves Were Exciting". Marquette Monthly. pp. 8–10. OCLC 18700342. 
  12. ^ Federal Highway Administration (1977). America's Highways, 1776–1976: A History of the Federal-Aid Program. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. p. 127. OCLC 3280344. 
  13. ^ Boyle, Johanna (November 7, 2011). "State Inventor of Ubiquitous Centerline Honored". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). pp. 1A, 6A. ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on April 8, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2012. 
  14. ^ Sawyer, K.I. (October 23, 1920). "Traffic Marks on Country Roads". The Literary Digest 67 (4): 29. OCLC 5746986. 
  15. ^ Kulsea, Bill & Shawver, Tom (1980). Making Michigan Move: A History of Michigan Highways and the Michigan Department of Transportation. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of Transportation. p. 10. OCLC 8169232. 
  16. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Upper Peninsula (Map). Cartography by MSHD. OCLC 15607244.
  17. ^ "Michigan May Do Well Following Wisconsin's Road Marking System". The Grand Rapids Press. September 20, 1919. p. 10. OCLC 9975013. 
  18. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard F. (January 9, 2009). "From Names to Numbers: The Origins of the U.S. Numbered Highway System". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved April 21, 2009. 
  19. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. OCLC 79754957.
  20. ^ Right of Way for the M-35 Relocation was purchased between March 20, 1964 and October 12, 1964 according to Michigan Department of Transportation. Right Of Way Maps for Marquette County (Map). Sheets 73–76. OCLC 12844096. http://mdotwas1.mdot.state.mi.us/public/ROWFiles/results.cfm?Dir=Marquette. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  21. ^ Rockford Map Publishers (2001). Marquette County Land Atlas & Plat Book (Map). Cartography by Rockford Map Publishers (15th ed.). p. 51. OCLC 47226011.
  22. ^ Swanson, Scott (May 25, 2006). "City Completes Key Expansion". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). p. A1. ISSN 0898-4964. 
  23. ^ Pepin, John (October 11, 2010). "Road Extension Slows Traffic in Township". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on January 8, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2010. 
  24. ^ "US 41 Traffic Light Installed". The Mining Journal (Marquette, MI). November 7, 2010. ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on January 8, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2010. 
  25. ^ Czarnopis, Ty (August 10, 2012). "Speed Change for Well-Traveled Marquette Road". Upper Michigan's Source (Negaunee, MI: WLUC-TV). Archived from the original on August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing