County flowers of the United Kingdom

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The following are the flowers selected for the counties of the United Kingdom in Plantlife's 2002 "County Flowers" campaign. The results of this campaign designated a single plant species to a "county or metropolitan area" in the UK.[1]

England[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Bedfordshire Bee orchid Bee orchid Ophrys apifera Native
Berkshire Summer snowflake Summer snowflake Leucojum aestivum Native
Birmingham Foxglove Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Bristol Maltese-cross Maltese-cross Silene chalcedonica Casual
Buckinghamshire Chiltern gentian Chiltern gentian Gentianella germanica Native
Cambridgeshire Pasqueflower Pasqueflower Pulsatilla vulgaris Native
Cheshire Cuckooflower Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis Native
Cornwall Cornish heath Cornish heath Erica vagans Native
County Durham Spring gentian Spring gentian Gentiana verna Native
Cumbria[2] Grass-of-Parnassus Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia palustris Native
Derbyshire Polemonium coeruleum1.jpg Jacob's-ladder Polemonium caeruleum Native
Devon Primrose Primrose Primula vulgaris Native
Dorset Dorset heath Dorset heath Erica ciliaris Native
Essex Common poppy Common poppy Papaver rhoeas Native
Gloucestershire Wild daffodil Wild daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Native
Greater Manchester[3] Common cotton-grass Common cotton-grass Eriophorum angustifolium Native
Hampshire Dog-rose Dog-rose Rosa canina Native
Herefordshire Mistletoe Mistletoe Viscum album Native
Hertfordshire Pasqueflower Pasqueflower Pulsatilla vulgaris Native
Huntingdonshire Water-violet Water-violet Hottonia palustris Native
Isle of Wight Pyramidal orchid Pyramidal orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis Native
Isles of Scilly Thrift Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Kent Hop Hop Humulus lupulus Native
Lancashire Red rose Red rose Rosa gallica officinalis Absent
Leeds Bilberry Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus Native
Leicestershire Foxglove Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Lincolnshire Viola riviniana Common dog-violet Viola riviniana Native
London Rosebay willowherb Rosebay willowherb Epilobium angustifolium Native
Merseyside[3] Sea-holly Sea-holly Eryngium maritimum Native
Middlesex Wood anemone Wood anemone Anemone nemorosa Native
Norfolk Common poppy Common poppy [1] Papaver rhoeas Native
Northamptonshire Cowslip Cowslip Primula veris Native
Northumberland Bloody crane's-bill Bloody crane's-bill Geranium sanguineum Native
Nottingham Nottingham catchfly Nottingham catchfly Silene nutans Native
Nottinghamshire Autumn crocus Autumn crocus Crocus nudiflorus Archaeophyte
Oxfordshire Snake's-head fritillary Snake's-head fritillary Fritillaria meleagris Native
Rutland Clustered bellflower Clustered bellflower Campanula glomerata Native
Sheffield Wood crane's-bill Wood crane's-bill Geranium sylvaticum Native
Shropshire Round-leaved sundew Round-leaved sundew Drosera rotundifolia Native
Somerset Cheddar pink Cheddar pink Dianthus gratianopolitanus Native
Staffordshire Heather Heather Calluna vulgaris Native
Suffolk Oxlip Oxlip Primula elatior Native
Surrey Cowslip Cowslip Primula veris Native
Sussex Round-headed rampion Round-headed rampion Phyteuma orbiculare Native
Tyne and Wear[4] Monkeyflower Monkeyflower Mimulus guttatus Neophyte
Warwickshire Honeysuckle Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum Native
Wiltshire Burnt orchid Burnt orchid Neotinea ustulata Native
Worcestershire Cowslip Cowslip Primula veris Native
Yorkshire Harebell Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native

Isle of Man[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Isle of Man [5] Fuchsia magellanica Fuchsia Fuchsia magellanica Neophyte

Northern Ireland[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Antrim Harebell Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native
Armagh Cowbane Cicuta virosa Native
Belfast Gorse Gorse Ulex europaeus Native
Londonderry Purple saxifrage Purple saxifrage Saxifraga oppositifolia Native
Down Spring squill Spring squill Scilla verna Native
Fermanagh Globeflower Globeflower Trollius europaeus Native
Tyrone Bog-rosemary Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native

Scotland[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Aberdeenshire Bearberry Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Native
Angus Alpine catchfly Lychnis alpina Native
Argyll Foxglove Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Ayrshire Green-winged orchid Green-winged orchid Anacamptis morio Native
Banffshire Dark red helleborine Dark-red helleborine Epipactis atrorubens Native
Berwickshire Rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium Native
Bute Thrift Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Caithness Scottish primrose Scottish primrose Primula scotica Native
Clackmannanshire Opposite-leaved golden-saxifrage Opposite-leaved golden-saxifrage Chrysosplenium oppositifolium Native
Cromarty Spring cinquefoil Potentilla neumanniana Native
Dumfriesshire Harebell Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native
Dunbartonshire Lesser water-plantain Baldellia ranunculoides Native
East Lothian Viper's-bugloss Viper's-bugloss Echium vulgare Native
Edinburgh Sticky catchfly Sticky catchfly Lychnis viscaria Native
Fife Coralroot orchid Coralroot orchid Corallorrhiza trifida Native
Glasgow Broom Broom Cytisus scoparius Native
Inverness-shire Twinflower Twinflower Linnaea borealis Native
Kinross Holy-grass Hierochloe odorata Native
Kirkcudbright Bog-rosemary Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native
Lanarkshire Dune helleborine Epipactis leptochila Native
Midlothian Sticky catchfly Lychnis viscaria Native
Moray One-flowered wintergreen Moneses uniflora Native
Nairn Chickweed wintergreen Chickweed wintergreen Trientalis europaea Native
Orkney Alpine bearberry Alpine bearberry Arctostaphylos alpina Native
Peeblesshire Cloudberry Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus Native
Perthshire Alpine gentian Alpine gentian Gentiana nivalis Native
Renfrewshire Bogbean Bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata Native
Ross Bog asphodel Bog asphodel Narthecium ossifragum Native
Roxburghshire Maiden pink Maiden pink Dianthus deltoides Native
Selkirkshire Mountain pansy Viola lutea Native
Shetland Shetland mouse-ear Cerastium nigrescens Native
Stirlingshire Scottish dock Rumex aquaticus Native
Sutherland Grass-of-Parnassus Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia palustris Native
West Lothian Common spotted-orchid Common spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii Native
Western Isles Hebridean spotted-orchid Hebridean spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. hebridensis Native
Wigtownshire Yellow iris Yellow iris Iris pseudacorus Native

Wales[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Anglesey Spotted rock-rose Spotted rock-rose Tuberaria guttata Native
Brecknockshire Cuckooflower Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis Native
Caernarfonshire Snowdon lily Snowdon lily Gagea serotina, syn. Lloydia serotina Native
Cardiff Wild leek Allium ampeloprasum Native
Cardiganshire Bog-rosemary Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native
Carmarthenshire Whorled caraway Carum verticillatum Native
Denbighshire Limestone woundwort Stachys alpina Native
Flintshire Bell heather Bell heather Erica cinerea Native
Glamorgan Draba aizoides Yellow whitlowgrass Draba aizoides Native
Merioneth Welsh poppy Welsh poppy Meconopsis cambrica Native
Monmouthshire Foxglove Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Montgomeryshire Spiked speedwell Spiked speedwell Veronica spicata Native
Pembrokeshire Thrift Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Radnorshire Radnor lily Radnor lily Gagea bohemica Native

Notes[edit]

    1. ^ Initially, alexanders was selected for Norfolk, with poppy selected for Essex alone. Public pressure led to change [2], [3]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]