County flowers of the United Kingdom

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The following are the flowers selected for the counties of the United Kingdom in Plantlife's 2002 "County Flowers" campaign. The results of this campaign designated a single plant species to a "county or metropolitan area" in the UK.[1]

England[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Bedfordshire
Bee Orchid
Bee Orchid Ophrys apifera Native
Berkshire
Summer Snowflake
Summer Snowflake Leucojum aestivum Native
Birmingham
Foxglove
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Bristol
Maltese-cross
Maltese-cross Silene chalcedonica Casual
Buckinghamshire
Chiltern gentian
Chiltern Gentian Gentianella germanica Native
Cambridgeshire
Pasqueflower
Pasqueflower Pulsatilla vulgaris Native
Cheshire
Cuckooflower
Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis Native
Cornwall
Cornish Heath
Cornish Heath Erica vagans Native
County Durham
Spring Gentian
Spring Gentian Gentiana verna Native
Cumbria[2]
Grass-of-Parnassus
Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia palustris Native
Derbyshire
Polemonium coeruleum1.jpg
Jacob's-ladder Polemonium caeruleum Native
Devon
Primrose
Primrose Primula vulgaris Native
Dorset
Dorset heath
Dorset Heath Erica ciliaris Native
Essex
Common Poppy
Common Poppy Papaver rhoeas Native
Gloucestershire
Wild Daffodil
Wild Daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus Native
Greater Manchester[3]
Common Cotton-grass
Common Cotton-grass Eriophorum angustifolium Native
Hampshire
Dog-rose
Dog-rose Rosa canina Native
Herefordshire
Mistletoe
Mistletoe Viscum album Native
Hertfordshire
Pasqueflower
Pasqueflower Pulsatilla vulgaris Native
Huntingdonshire
Water-violet
Water-violet Hottonia palustris Native
Isle of Wight
Pyramidal Orchid
Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis Native
Isles of Scilly
Thrift
Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Kent
Hop
Hop Humulus lupulus Native
Lancashire
Red rose
Red rose Rosa gallica officinalis Absent
Leeds
Bilberry
Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus Native
Leicestershire
Foxglove
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Lincolnshire
Viola riviniana
Common Dog-violet Viola riviniana Native
London
Rosebay Willowherb
Rosebay Willowherb Epilobium angustifolium Native
Merseyside[3]
Sea-holly
Sea-holly Eryngium maritimum Native
Middlesex
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa Native
Norfolk
Common Poppy
Common Poppy [1] Papaver rhoeas Native
Northamptonshire
Cowslip
Cowslip Primula veris Native
Northumberland
Bloody Crane's-bill
Bloody Crane's-bill Geranium sanguineum Native
Nottingham
Nottingham Catchfly
Nottingham Catchfly Silene nutans Native
Nottinghamshire
Autumn Crocus
Autumn Crocus Crocus nudiflorus Archaeophyte
Oxfordshire
Snake's-head Fritillary
Snake's-head Fritillary Fritillaria meleagris Native
Rutland
Clustered Bellflower
Clustered Bellflower Campanula glomerata Native
Sheffield
Wood Crane's-bill
Wood Crane's-bill Geranium sylvaticum Native
Shropshire
Round-leaved Sundew
Round-leaved Sundew Drosera rotundifolia Native
Somerset
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 3.JPG
Cheddar Pink Dianthus gratianopolitanus Native
Staffordshire
Heather
Heather Calluna vulgaris Native
Suffolk
Oxlip
Oxlip Primula elatior Native
Surrey
Cowslip
Cowslip Primula veris Native
Sussex
Round-headed Rampion
Round-headed Rampion Phyteuma orbiculare Native
Tyne and Wear[4]
Monkeyflower
Monkeyflower Mimulus guttatus Neophyte
Warwickshire
Honeysuckle
Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum Native
Wiltshire
Burnt orchid
Burnt Orchid Neotinea ustulata Native
Worcestershire
Cowslip
Cowslip Primula veris Native
Yorkshire
Harebell
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native

Isle of Man[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Isle of Man [5]
Fuchsia magellanica
Fuchsia Fuchsia magellanica Neophyte

Northern Ireland[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Antrim
Harebell
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native
Armagh Cowbane Cicuta virosa Native
Belfast
Gorse
Gorse Ulex europaeus Native
Londonderry
Purple Saxifrage
Purple Saxifrage Saxifraga oppositifolia Native
Down
Spring Squill
Spring Squill Scilla verna Native
Fermanagh
Globeflower
Globeflower Trollius europaeus Native
Tyrone
Bog-rosemary
Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native

Scotland[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Aberdeenshire
Bearberry
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Native
Angus Alpine Catchfly Lychnis alpina Native
Argyll
Foxglove
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Ayrshire
Green-winged Orchid
Green-winged Orchid Anacamptis morio Native
Banffshire
Dark Red Helleborine
Dark-red Helleborine Epipactis atrorubens Native
Berwickshire Rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium Native
Bute
Thrift
Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Caithness
Scottish primrose
Scots Primrose Primula scotica Native
Clackmannanshire
Opposite-leaved Golden-saxifrage
Opposite-leaved Golden-saxifrage Chrysosplenium oppositifolium Native
Cromarty Spring Cinquefoil Potentilla neumanniana Native
Dumfriesshire
Harebell
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Native
Dunbartonshire Lesser Water-plantain Baldellia ranunculoides Native
East Lothian
Viper's-bugloss
Viper's-bugloss Echium vulgare Native
Edinburgh
Sticky Catchfly
Sticky Catchfly Lychnis viscaria Native
Fife
Coralroot Orchid
Coralroot Orchid Corallorrhiza trifida Native
Glasgow
Broom
Broom Cytisus scoparius Native
Inverness-shire
Twinflower
Twinflower Linnaea borealis Native
Kinross Holy-grass Hierochloe odorata Native
Kirkcudbright
Bog-rosemary
Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native
Lanarkshire Dune Helleborine Epipactis leptochila Native
Midlothian Sticky Catchfly Lychnis viscaria Native
Moray One-flowered Wintergreen Moneses uniflora Native
Nairn
Chickweed Wintergreen
Chickweed Wintergreen Trientalis europaea Native
Orkney
Alpine Bearberry
Alpine Bearberry Arctostaphylos alpina Native
Peeblesshire
Cloudberry
Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus Native
Perthshire
Alpine Gentian
Alpine Gentian Gentiana nivalis Native
Renfrewshire
Bogbean
Bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata Native
Ross
Bog Asphodel
Bog Asphodel Narthecium ossifragum Native
Roxburghshire
Maiden Pink
Maiden Pink Dianthus deltoides Native
Selkirkshire Mountain Pansy Viola lutea Native
Shetland Shetland Mouse-ear Cerastium nigrescens Native
Stirlingshire Scottish Dock Rumex aquaticus Native
Sutherland
Grass-of-Parnassus
Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia palustris Native
West Lothian
Common Spotted-orchid
Common Spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii Native
Western Isles Hebridean Spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii hebridensis Native
Wigtownshire
Yellow Iris
Yellow Iris Iris pseudacorus Native

Wales[edit]

County Image Common name Scientific name County status
Anglesey
Spotted Rock-rose
Spotted Rock-rose Tuberaria guttata Native
Brecknockshire
Cuckooflower
Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis Native
Caernarvonshire
Snowdon Lily
Snowdon Lily Gagea serotina, syn. Lloydia serotina Native
Cardiff Wild Leek Allium ampeloprasum Native
Cardiganshire
Bog-rosemary
Bog-rosemary Andromeda polifolia Native
Carmarthenshire Whorled Caraway Carum verticillatum Native
Denbighshire Limestone Woundwort Stachys alpina Native
Flintshire
Bell Heather
Bell Heather Erica cinerea Native
Glamorgan
Draba aizoides
Yellow Whitlowgrass Draba aizoides Native
Merioneth
Welsh Poppy
Welsh Poppy Meconopsis cambrica Native
Monmouthshire
Foxglove
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Native
Montgomeryshire
Spiked Speedwell
Spiked Speedwell Veronica spicata Native
Pembrokeshire
Thrift
Thrift Armeria maritima Native
Radnorshire Radnor Lily Gagea bohemica Native

Notes[edit]

    1. ^ Initially Alexanders was selected for Norfolk, with Poppy selected for Essex alone. Public pressure led to change [2], [3]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]