County of Brant

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For the provincial electoral district known as "Brant County", see Brant (provincial electoral district).
County of Brant
Single-tier municipality
Paris, Ontario
Paris, Ontario
Location of County of Brant
Coordinates: 43°07′N 80°22′W / 43.117°N 80.367°W / 43.117; -80.367Coordinates: 43°07′N 80°22′W / 43.117°N 80.367°W / 43.117; -80.367
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Settled 1793
Formed 1851 (county)
Formed 1999 (single-tier city)
Government
 • Mayor Ron Eddy
 • Federal riding Brant
 • Prov. riding Brant
Area[1]
 • Land 843.29 km2 (325.60 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 35,638
 • Density 42.3/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code N0E, N3L
Area code(s) 519 and 226
Website www.brant.ca

The County of Brant (2011 population 35,638) is a single-tier municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario. Despite its name, it is no longer a county by definition, as all municipal services are handled by a single level of government. The county has service offices in Burford, Paris and St. George.

It is a small, predominantly rural municipality in Southern Ontario. It is bordered by the Region of Waterloo, the City of Hamilton, Haldimand County, Norfolk County, and Oxford County. The County abuts the Greenbelt.

Geographically, the city of Brantford is surrounded by the County of Brant. The Brant census division, which includes Brantford and the Six Nations and New Credit reserves, along with the County of Brant, had a population of 136,035 in the 2011 census.

Communities[edit]

Brant County Courthouse

The primary centres in Brant are Paris, St. George and Burford. Smaller communities in the municipality include Bishopsgate, Burtch, Cainsville, Cathcart, East Oakland, Etonia, Fairfield, Falkland, Glen Morris, Gobles, Harley, Harrisburg, Hatchley, Langford, Lockie, Maple Grove, Middleport, Mount Pleasant, Mount Vernon, New Durham, Newport, Northfield, Northfield Centre, Oakland, Onondaga, Osborne Corners, and Scotland.

Historical townships[edit]

The area had previously been part of Wentworth & Oxford County. Brant County was formed in 1851 and originally consisted of:[2]

  • Brantford Township (Brantford, Paris, Mount Pleasant, Cainsville), Area 71,122 acres (287.82 km2). First settlement made before 1810. The township was organized in 1840.
  • Burford Township (Burford, Scotland), Area 71,122 acres (287.82 km2). First of the midland townships to have settlers. Surveyed in 1793, four families settled on the land before 1800.
  • Oakland Township (Scotland, Oakland), Area 10,676 acres (43.20 km2). Originally called the Townsend Gore, then the Burford Gore, but organized a separate municipality in 1850.
  • Onondaga Township (Onondaga, Middleport), Area 20,613 acres (83.42 km2). First settled in 1838. The formal surrender of the township by the Indians did not take place until 1839.
  • South Dumfries Township (Paris, St. George, Glen Morris), Area 46,265 acres (187.23 km2).
  • Tuscarora Township (Six Nations Indian Reserve, New Credit Indian Reserve), created in 1784.

In 1999, the county was reorganized and all its individual municipalities, except Brantford, were amalgamated into a single-tier municipality with city status. As of December 31, 1998, all of the original townships were still intact, except for the incorporation of the Town of Paris.

Local organizations[edit]

Local organizations include the Kinsmen Club of Brantford is an all Canadian non-profit service organization that promotes service, fellowship, positive values, and national pride. They put on the Brantford Kinsmen Annual Car Show & Swap Meet in Paris Ontario in September and the Brantford Kinsmen Annual Ribfest in Brantford, Ontario to help raise funds for local charities. And Sustainable Brant dedicated to saving the disappearing farmland.

The County of Brant Public Library is the public library serving the communities in the county of Brant, Ontario, Canada. It has 5 branches located in Paris, Burford, Scotland, St. George, and Glen Morris, Ontario. The system's main branch, in Paris, Ontario, was originally a Carnegie Library, having received an endowment from Carnegie in 1902.

Album of Honour[edit]

War Monument in Brantford, Ontario

The Album of Honour for Brant County is a book compiled in 1946 by the Kinsmen Club of Brantford to commemorate those of Brantford, the County of Brant and the peoples of the Six Nations who served Canada during the Second World War.[3] The book lists the names of the Brant County men and women who served in World War II. There are more than 3,500 photographs. In addition, local companies provided the names of employees who served in this war. The book is kept on the Digital Archives Page at the Brantford Public Library.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2006: 34,415
  • Population in 2001: 31,669
  • Population total in 1996: 29,800
    • Brantford (township): 6487
    • Burford (township): 5858
    • Oakland (township): 1377
    • Onondaga (township): 1650
    • Paris (town): 8987
    • South Dumfries (township): 5441
  • Population in 1991:
    • Brantford (township): 6509
    • Burford (township): 5733
    • Oakland (township): 1398
    • Onondaga (township): 1519
    • Paris (town): 8600
    • South Dumfries (township): 4624
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 33,040 97.2%
Visible minority group
Source:[8]
South Asian 125 0.4%
Chinese 45 0.1%
Black 120 0.4%
Filipino 30 0.1%
Latin American 30 0.1%
Arab 45 0.1%
Southeast Asian 10 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 50 0.1%
Japanese 10 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 20 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 25 0.1%
Total visible minority population 515 1.5%
Aboriginal group
Source:[9]
First Nations 310 0.9%
Métis 100 0.3%
Inuit 0 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 10 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 425 1.3%
Total population 33,980 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Brant census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  2. ^ Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middletown & Fred Landon, 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto
  3. ^ http://66.207.114.162/genealogy/pdfs/AlbumHonour.pdf
  4. ^ The Brantford Public Library - Virtual War Memorial
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved {{{2001_access_date}}}. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  9. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision

See also[edit]

External links[edit]