County of Buren

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County of Buren
Graafschap Buren (nl)
State of the Holy Roman Empire

c. 994–1795
Flag Coat of arms
Map of the County of Buren around 1665,
County of Buren highlighted in yellow
Capital Buren
Languages Dutch
Government County
Historical era Middle Ages, Renaissance
 -  Established (994) 1498
 -  Disestablished 1795

The Buren County in the present province of Gelderland, the Netherlands, was an independent county until the establishment of the Batavian Republic in 1795. Although it was not formally part of the United Provinces, in practice it was governed by it.

Lordship of Buren[edit]

The Lordship of Buren was a result of the division of the county of Teisterbant in 994. The manor was owned by the van Buren family. Their coat of arms was also the Lordship's and the city's ones. The lordship's original fortress' Buren received city rights in 1395 by the knights Allard, Asch and Erichem; but through the acquisition, war and marriage, a number of villages were grown, including Beusichem, Zoelmond, Buurmalsen and Tricht. By this marriages policy, in 1472 the lordship's ownership went to the House of Egmond.

County[edit]

Buren was elevated to a county in 1498 by Emperor Maximilian of Austria. Later Charles V wanted to raise Buren to a duchy, but Maximilian of Egmond replied: "I'd rather be a rich count than a poor duke" and thus Buren remained a county.

William of Orange in 1551 married the heiress Anna of Egmont, Countess of Buren. This is how the county of Buren came into the ownership of the House of Orange-Nassau. Since then, members of this house also carry the title of Count of Buren.

Mary, the third child of William of Orange and Anna of Egmont, founded in 1612 the orphanage in Buren, serving the following 350 years. There is also the Museum of the Royal Military Police. The town of Buren has been declared protected townscape.

With the advent of the Batavian Republic, the county ceased to exist. However, the head of the House of Orange-Nassau (the Dutch Head of State) is named, among other titles, Count or Countess of Buren and Leerdam.

List of the counts of Buren and Leerdam[edit]

House of Egmont[edit]

House of Orange-Nassau[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 51°58′N 05°25′E / 51.967°N 5.417°E / 51.967; 5.417