County of Veldenz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
County of Veldenz
Grafschaft Veldenz
State of the Holy Roman Empire

1112–1801
 


Coat of arms of the Counts of Veldenz

Veldenz ca. 1400
Capital Veldenz
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 1112
 -  Counts of Veldenz-Geroldseck 1277
 -  Fell to County of Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1444
 -  Joined Upper Rhenish Circle 1500
 -  Counts of Palatinate-Veldenz 1543
 -  Annexed by the
    First French Empire
1801
Schloss Veldenz 2005
Schloss Veldenz, 2007

The County of Veldenz was a principality in the contemporary Land Rhineland-Palatinate. The county was located partially between Kaiserslautern, Sponheim and Zweibrücken, partially on the Mosel in the Archbishopric of Trier. A municipality of the same name, Veldenz, and a castle, Schloss Veldenz, are located in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich.

History[edit]

The Counts of Veldenz separated from the Wildgraves of Kyrburg and Schmidburg family in 1112 . The direct male line of the first comital house ceased in 1260 with the death of Gerlach V of Veldenz and his daughter Agnes of Veldenz inherited the county in 1260. Her husband Heinrich of Geroldseck became the founder of the second line of Counts of Veldenz or the House of Veldenz-Geroldseck (Hohengeroldseck).

In 1444 the county came under the rule of Count palatine Stefan of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken by his marriage to Anna of Veldenz, the only heiress of Count Friedrich III of Veldenz.

In 1543 by the Marburg treaty it was agreed that the uncle of Duke Wolfgang of Zweibrücken, Ruprecht, should receive the county of Veldenz. Ruprecht died in 1544 but his son Hans Georg married Anna Maria of Sweden, a daughter of Gustav I of Sweden in 1563. This was the joining of the House of Wittelsbach with the Swedish Vasa royal family which was strengthened by a further marriage when Johann Casimir of Pfalz-Zweibrücken married Catharina of Sweden, a sister of Gustavus Adolphus in the 17th century. Wolfgang had in 1553 with the Heidelberg Succession agreement regulated the mutual inheritance of all Wittelsbach lines reaching from Veldenz-Palatinate to the county Lützelstein in Alsace. The grandson of Georg Hans, Leopold Ludwig von Lützelstein, died in 1694 without legitimate offspring and the county-Palatinate of Veldenz reverted to the Zweibrücken line.

In 1801 it was incorporated into the Saardepartement of the First French Empire. The Congress of Vienna, 1815, gave the smaller part of the county lying on the Mosel to Prussia and the remainder to Bavaria.

Counts of Veldenz[edit]

First Veldenz Line[edit]

Veldenz-Geroldseck Line[edit]

Pfalz-Zweibrücken Line[edit]

Pfalz-Veldenz Line[edit]

Continued in the Pfalz-Zweibrücken line.

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]