Coupeville, Washington

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Coupeville
Town
Coupeville, Washington
The waterfront of Coupeville
The waterfront of Coupeville
Location of Coupeville, Washington
Location of Coupeville, Washington
Coordinates: 48°13′6″N 122°41′1″W / 48.21833°N 122.68361°W / 48.21833; -122.68361Coordinates: 48°13′6″N 122°41′1″W / 48.21833°N 122.68361°W / 48.21833; -122.68361
Country United States
State Washington
County Island
Area[1]
 • Total 1.23 sq mi (3.19 km2)
 • Land 1.23 sq mi (3.19 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,831
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 1,849
 • Density 1,488.6/sq mi (574.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98239
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-15185[4]
GNIS feature ID 1512119[5]
Website Town of Coupeville

Coupeville is a town in Island County, Washington, United States. The population was 1,831 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Island County.[6]

History[edit]

Coupeville was founded in 1852 by Captain Thomas Coupe and is the second oldest town in the State of Washington. The town continues to preserve original pioneer homes with a variety of historic architectures including Queen Anne, Saltbox, and pioneer Block Houses. Coupe's original home, built in 1853, is one of the State's oldest. Coupeville's limits overlay Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve established by Congress in 1978[7] as the first and one of the largest such reserves in the nation. Its 22 square miles (57 km2) encompass farmlands, Fort Ebey State Park, beaches, parks, trails and 91 nationally registered historic structures. Coupeville was officially incorporated on April 20, 1910.

Geography[edit]

Coupeville is located at 48°13′6″N 122°41′1″W / 48.21833°N 122.68361°W / 48.21833; -122.68361 (48.218250, -122.683556).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.23 square miles (3.19 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 310
1920 343 10.6%
1930 277 −19.2%
1940 325 17.3%
1950 379 16.6%
1960 740 95.3%
1970 678 −8.4%
1980 1,006 48.4%
1990 1,377 36.9%
2000 1,723 25.1%
2010 1,831 6.3%
Est. 2013 1,849 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,831 people, 806 households, and 428 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,488.6 inhabitants per square mile (574.8 /km2). There were 933 housing units at an average density of 758.5 per square mile (292.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 87.2% White, 1.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.0% of the population.

There were 806 households of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.9% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the town was 51.1 years. 17.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 27.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 44.3% male and 55.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,723 people, 737 households, and 426 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,346.7 people per square mile (519.7/km²). There were 814 housing units at an average density of 636.2 per square mile (245.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.79% White, 1.57% African American, 0.52% Native American, 2.15% Asian, 2.84% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or [Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.

There were 737 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,938, and the median income for a family was $47,721. Males had a median income of $33,235 versus $27,100 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,720. About 8.9% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Coupeville are Island County and Whidbey General Hospital. Service and retail businesses serve the island population and visitors attracted to the town's historic waterfront district and Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve. Retail businesses are located along North and South Main Street, Coveland, and Front Street along the waterfront. In addition to 11 restaurants, cafes, and coffee shops, stores include art galleries, gourmet food, clothing, souvenir, and home decor retailers. With few exceptions, these businesses are operated by individual local owners.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ http://www.nps.gov/mawa/upload/Public-Law-95-625.pdf
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 31, 2014. 

External links[edit]