Railway coupling by country

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Listed below are railway couplers as used on historic and modern industrial, mainline, mining, narrow gauge, plantation and transit railways. Couplers are often known by more than one name. Compromise couplers or cars are used to transition between coupler types.

Coupler types[edit]

Main article: Railway coupling

Africa[edit]

Algeria Algeria[edit]

  • English, Russian couplers on 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge track[6]
  • English couplers on 1,055 mm (3 ft 5 12 in) gauge track[6]

Angola Angola[edit]

  • AAR couplers[6]

Benin Benin[edit]

Burkina Faso Burkina Faso & Côte d'Ivoire[edit]

Cameroon Cameroon[edit]

  • Russian couplers[6]

Republic of the Congo Congo~Brazzaville[edit]

  • SA3 coupler[6]

Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Egypt Egypt[edit]

  • English couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock[8][9][10][11]

Eritrea Eritrea[edit]

Ethiopia Ethiopia[edit]

Gabon Gabon[edit]

  • Russian couplers

Ghana Ghana[edit]

  • Norwegian couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock

Liberia Liberia (Bong)[edit]

  • Link and pin couplers

Malawi Malawi[edit]

Mali Mali[edit]

  • like Senegal

Mauritania Mauritania[edit]

  • AAR couplers

Morocco Morocco[edit]

  • English couplers[14]

Mozambique Mozambique[edit]

Nigeria Nigeria[edit]

  • AAR couplers

Senegal Senegal[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Norwegian couplers on Indian Stock[15]

South Africa South Africa[edit]

  • AAR couplers on traditional stock[13]
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock

Sudan Sudan[edit]

Tanzania Tanzania[edit]

  • AAR couplers on 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge track
  • Norwegian couplers on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge track[7]

Togo Togo[edit]

  • Center buffer and side chain couplers
  • Norwegian couplers on Indian Stock

Tunisia Tunisia[edit]

  • English couplers

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh Bangladesh[edit]

  • AAR couplers on 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) Stock
  • Norwegian couplers on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) Stock[6]

Cambodia Cambodia[edit]

  • English couplers

China China[edit]

  • AAR couplers on passenger and freight stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on high speed trains (CRH)
  • BSI couplers on Hong Kong passenger units (MTR)

India India[edit]

  • English couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock[18]
  • Norwegian couplers on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge track[19]
  • ABC couplers on narrow gauge stock

Indonesia Indonesia[edit]

  • Norwegian couplers on traditional stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock

Iran Iran[edit]

  • English, Russian (C-AKv) combo couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock

Iraq Iraq[edit]

  • English couplers on historic stock
  • English, Russian (C-AKv) combo couplers on modern stock[20][21]

Israel Israel[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock

Japan Japan[edit]

  • English couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Shibata couplers (based on Scharfenberg couplers) on passenger stock

Malaysia Malaysia[edit]

  • Norwegian couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on ERL, LRT, MRT and Monorail.

Russia Russia[edit]

  • Russian couplers on domestic stock (with side buffers on passenger coaches)
  • English couplers on Euro Stock (exchanged on the border)
  • Scharfenberg couplers on some passenger unit trains (Velaro, Desiro)

South Korea South Korea[edit]

  • English, link and pin couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock[22]

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

  • Buffers and AAR couplers

Thailand Thailand[edit]

  • AAR couplers on every SRT rolling stocks
  • Norwegian couplers on historic stocks
  • Scharfenberg couplers on mass-transit trains
  • Wedge Lock, Ward couplers on London Underground stock
  • Narrow gauge lines use a mixture of couplings.

Turkey Turkey[edit]

  • English couplers on traditional stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • Russian couplers on mining stock

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

  • AAR couplers on both 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) rolling stock

Australia and New Zealand[edit]

Australia Australia[edit]

  • English, Norwegian couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock

New Zealand New Zealand[edit]

  • English, Norwegian couplers on historic stock
  • AAR couplers on modern stock
  • Scharfenberg on some commuter stock (AM class)

Europe[edit]

Austria Austria[edit]

  • English couplers on standard gauge stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger units
  • Bosna or Scharfenberg couplers on narrow gauge stock

Finland Finland[edit]

  • English couplers on Euro stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • Russian couplers on unit ore trains and Russian stock

France France[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock (multiple units and high speed trains only)
  • Russian couplers on unit ore trains

Germany Germany[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • AK69e and C-AKv couplers on unit ore trains
  • AK69e and Russian SA-3 mixed in trains via Mukran ferry terminal
  • Scharfenberg or central buffer couplers on narrow gauge stock

Greece Greece[edit]

  • English on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg on passenger stock
  • Center buffer and side chains on narrow gauge stock

Hungary Hungary[edit]

  • English on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg on multiple units (in some cases jointly with side buffers)
  • BSI with side buffers on BDVmot electric multiple units
  • Link-and-pin on narrow gauge stock

Netherlands Netherlands[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • BSI, Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • Russian couplers on unit ore trains

Norway Norway[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Norwegian couplers on historic stock, narrow gauge only
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock (multiple units)
  • Russian SA3 couplers on unit ore trains (Ofoten Line)

Poland Poland[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • Russian couplers on unit ore trains and Russian interchange stock

Romania Romania[edit]

  • English on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg on Desiro multiple units and some ex-German rail buses
  • Link-and-pin on narrow gauge stock

Russia Russia[edit]

  • Russian couplers on domestic stock (with side buffers on passenger coaches)
  • English couplers on Euro Stock (exchanged on the border)
  • Scharfenberg couplers on some passenger unit trains (Velaro, Desiro)

Spain Spain[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and loco hauled passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on multiple unit passenger stock

Sweden Sweden[edit]

  • English couplers on freight and passenger stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock
  • Russian couplers on iron ore trains (Iron Ore Line)
  • Variant of Norwegian couplers on historic (museum) narrow-gauge stock

Switzerland Switzerland[edit]

  • English couplers on standard gauge stock
  • GFV, Schwab, Scharfenberg or BSI couplers on passenger units
  • AK69e couplers within BLS EW III sets
  • GF, GFV or center buffer couplers on meter and narrow gauge stock

Ukraine Ukraine[edit]

  • Russian (SA3) couplers on wide gauge rolling stock
  • Combined Russian/English couplers on SUW2000 gauge-changing coaches
  • Scharfenberg couplers on some EMU trains
  • Central buffer and chain couplers on narrow gauge rolling stock

United Kingdom United Kingdom[edit]

  • BSI, Scharfenberg couplers on multiple unit passenger stock
  • English couplings, AAR couplers on some freight stock, most loco hauled passenger stock has a 23rd size Janney/Buckeye coupler[citation needed]
  • Wedge Lock, Ward couplers on London Underground stock
  • Narrow gauge lines use a mixture of couplings.

North and Central America[edit]

Canada Canada[edit]

  • AAR couplers on traditional stock
  • Scharfenberg, Wedge Lock, H2C couplers on transit stock

Mexico Mexico[edit]

  • AAR couplers on traditional stock
  • Scharfenberg couplers on passenger stock

United States United States[edit]

South America[edit]

Argentina Argentina[edit]

  • English couplers on 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) and on 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge[6]
  • AAR couplers on at least some Buenos Aires passenger equipment (observed 1997)
  • AAR couplers on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge[6]

Brazil Brazil[edit]

Chile Chile[edit]

  • AAR couplers[6]

Paraguay Paraguay[edit]

  • English couplers[25]

Uruguay Uruguay[edit]

  • English couplers[25]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]