Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan

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Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
Established 1918
Country Saskatchewan, Canada
Location Regina
Authorized by The Court of Appeal Act, 2000
Number of positions 7
Website Court of Appeal
Chief Justice
Currently Robert G. Richards
Since June 30, 2013

The Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan (SKCA) is a Canadian appellate court.

Jurisdiction and Structure[edit]

Regina Court House

The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal is the highest court in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. The Court is governed by The Court of Appeal Act, 2000,[1] which sets out the composition and jurisdiction of the Court. It hears appeals from the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan, the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan and a number of administrative tribunals.

The Court is based in Regina, Saskatchewan and consists of the Chief Justice - styled the "Chief Justice of Saskatchewan" - six other full-time justices and a varying number of supernumerary justices. Justices of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal are appointed and paid by the federal government.[2]

Most cases are heard by a panel of three justices, however, the Court sits with panels of five or seven from time to time, depending on the appeal.[3] A single justice will preside over matters heard in ”chambers”, usually interlocutory matters or applications for leave to appeal.

Original Jurisdiction[edit]

The Court has a limited original jurisdiction, giving it the discretion to grant relief by way of a prerogative writ.[4] The Court has held that since it is primarily a court of appeal, it will only entertain original applications for prerogative relief in extraordinary circumstances.[5] It also has any original jurisdiction that is necessary or incidental to the hearing and determination of an appeal.[6]

Reference Jurisdiction[edit]

Under The Constitutional Questions Act,[7] the Government of Saskatchewan has the authority to refer questions of law to the Court of Appeal for the Court's advisory opinion.

History of the Court[edit]

The Court of Appeal was created on March 1, 1918, upon the coming into force of The Court of Appeal Act of 1915.[8] Prior to that date, there was a single superior court for Saskatchewan, known as the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan, which had both appellate and trial jurisdiction. Individual members of the Supreme Court sat as trial judges, while the full Supreme Court ourt (also known at the Supreme Court en banc) heard appeals. The 1915 legislation split the appellate functions and the trial functions. The new Court of Appeal was established to take over the appellate function of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan, and the new Court of King's Bench was created to take over the trial functions of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan.[9] The Supreme Court of Saskatchewan was abolished effective March 1, 1918.[10]

Appeals to the Supreme Court[edit]

Appeals may be taken from the Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada either by right, by leave of the Supreme Court of Canada, or by leave of the Court of Appeal itself, depending on the nature of the case. Until 1949 appeals could further be taken from the Supreme Court of Canada to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the United Kingdom. Appeals could also be taken directly from the Court of Appeal to the Privy Council.[11]

Justices of the Court[edit]

Current Justices[edit]

The current justices of the Court [12] are:

Position Name Appointed Nominated By Position Prior to Appointment
Justice Robert G. Richards 2013
2004
Harper
Martin
Puisne Justice, Saskatchewan Court of Appeal
Lawyer at MacPherson Leslie and Tyerman
Justice John Gary Lane* 1991 Mulroney Minister of Justice and Attorney General for Saskatchewan
Justice Georgina R. Jackson 1991 Mulroney Lawyer at MacPherson Leslie and Tyerman
Justice John Klebuc* 2006 Harper Court of Queen's Bench
Justice Ralph K. Ottenbreit 2009 Harper Court of Queen's Bench
Justice Neal W. Caldwell 2010 Harper Lawyer at McDougall, Gauley LLP.[13]
Justice Maurice J. Herauf 2011 Harper Court of Queen's Bench
Justice Peter A. Whitmore 2013 Harper Court of Queen's Bench
Justice Jacelyn A. Ryan-Froslie 2013 Harper Court of Queen's Bench

(An asterisk indicates that the justice has elected to take supernumerary status.)

Former Justices[edit]

Former Chief Justices of Saskatchewan[edit]

Former Justices of the Court of Appeal[edit]

  • The Honourable Edward L. Elwood (1918–1921)
  • The Honourable Henry W. Newlands (1918–1921)
  • The Honourable Phillip E. MacKenzie (1927–1946)
  • The Honourable Thomas Clayton Davis (1939–1948)
  • The Honourable Hector Y. MacDonald (1941–1951)
  • The Honourable Percy M. Anderson (1946–1948)
  • The Honourable Percy H. Maguire (1962–1974)
  • The Honourable Mervyn J. Woods (1961–1984)
  • The Honourable Roy N. Hall (1962–1989)
  • The Honourable Russell Brownridge (1961–1988)
  • The Honourable Raymond A. MacDonald (1981–1984)
  • The Honourable Thomas C. Wakeling (1984–2000)
  • The Honourable Calvin F. Tallis (1981–2005)
  • The Honourable Darla C. Hunter (2007–2010)
  • The Honourable Nicholas W. Sherstobitoff (1985 - 2010)
  • The Honourable Gene Anne Smith (2005-2013)
  • The Honourable William J. Vancise (1983-2013)
  • The Honourable Marjorie A. Gerwing (1984-2013)
  • The Honourable Stuart J. Cameron (1981-2014)

(An asterisk indicates subsequently Chief Justice of Saskatchewan; a double asterisk indicates subsequently appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada.)

Courts of Saskatchewan[edit]

There are three main courts in Saskatchewan:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Court of Appeal Act, 2000
  2. ^ Constitution Act, 1867, s. 96
  3. ^ Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal Judges.
  4. ^ The Court of Appeal Act, 2000 / Loi de 2000 sur la Cour d'appel, s. 11.
  5. ^ Geller v. Saskatchewan (1985), 48 Sask. R. 239 (C.A.). For instance, the Court did consider an application for prerogative relief brought by a sitting member of the Court of Queen's Bench against the Law Society of Saskatchewan: Maurice v. Priel (1987), 6 D.L.R. (4th) 416, [1988] 1 W.W.R. 491, 60 Sask. R. 241, 1987 CanLII 207 (SK C.A.)
  6. ^ The Court of Appeal Act, 2000 / Loi de 2000 sur la Cour d'appel, s. 10
  7. ^ The Constitutional Questions Act, R.S.S. 1978, c. C-29, s. 3.
  8. ^ The Court of Appeal Act, S.S. 1915, c. 9.
  9. ^ The King's Bench Act, S.S. 1915, c. 10.
  10. ^ Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal History.
  11. ^ See, for example, Judges v. Attorney‑General of Saskatchewan, [1937] 2 D.L.R. 209 (P.C.) and Labour Relations Board of Saskatchewan v. John East Iron Works Ltd., [1949] A.C. 134 (P.C.).
  12. ^ Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal
  13. ^ http://www.mcdougallgauley.com/
  14. ^ Appointed to the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan
  15. ^ Appointed to the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan; later appointed to the Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan

External links[edit]