This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Hebrew Wikipedia. (April 2012)
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The court of the women (Hebrew: ezrat hanashim עזרת הנשים) was the outer forecourt of the Temples in Jerusalem into which women were permitted to enter. The court was also known as the "middle court," as it stood between the Court of the Gentiles and the court of Israel, i.e. the court of the men.
^Watson E. Mills, general editor (1990) Mercer Dictionary of the Bible. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press; p. 880 "An inner court, raised and enclosed by a stone partition three cubits high led to the Court of the Women and the Court of Israel. ... They would enter the Court of the Women. Men might enter the inner court from any of the nine gates."
^C. K. Barrett A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles 2 vols. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1994-1998; p. 179 "This passage unfortunately is by no means clear; the gate in question may be 'the gate between the court of the Gentiles and the court of the women, or between the court of the women and the court of the men' (Lake, Begs. 5.483). " Citation=The Beginnings of Christianity; edited by F. J. Foakes Jackson and Kirsopp Lake. Part 1, the Acts of the Apostles.