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|Look up covariance or covariant in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Covariance matrix, a matrix of covariances between a number of variables.
- Covariance or cross-covariance between two random variables or data sets.
- Autocovariance, the covariance of a signal with a time-shifted version of itself.
- Covariance function, a function giving the covariance of a random field with itself at two locations.
- Covariance and contravariance of vectors, properties of how vector coordinates change under a change of basis.
- Covariance and contravariance of functors, properties of functors.
- Covariance and contravariance (computer science), a system of class relations in computer science.
- General covariance or simply covariance (inaccurate but common usage in quantum mechanics), the invariance of the mathematical form of physical laws under arbitrary differential coordinate transformations (including Lorentz transformations), strictly meaning invariance
- Covariant transformation, a rule that describes how certain physical entities change under a change of coordinate system
- Lorentz covariance, a property of space-time that follows from the special theory of relativity
- Poincaré covariance, a related property
- Eddy covariance, an atmospheric flux measurement technique
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