Covasna

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For the village in Iaşi County, see Costuleni, Iaşi.
Covasna
Kovászna
Town
Kovászna külvárosi székelykapu.JPG
Coat of arms of Covasna
Coat of arms
Location of Covasna
Location of Covasna
Covasna is located in Romania
Covasna
Covasna
Location of Covasna
Coordinates: 45°50′57″N 26°11′7″E / 45.84917°N 26.18528°E / 45.84917; 26.18528Coordinates: 45°50′57″N 26°11′7″E / 45.84917°N 26.18528°E / 45.84917; 26.18528
Country  Romania
County Covasna County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Lőrincz Zsigmond (UDMR)
Area
 • Total 155.11 km2 (59.89 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 11,369
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.primariacovasna.ro

Covasna (Romanian pronunciation: [koˈvasna], Hungarian: Kovászna, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkovaːsnɒ], German: Kowasna) is a town in Covasna county, Transylvania, Romania, at an altitude of 550–600 m.

Known as the "town of 1,000 mineral springs", Covasna is famous for its mineral waters. Each spring has a different mixture of minerals, chiefly carbon dioxide, sulfur, and ammonia. Its name is derived from the Slavic word Cvaz, meaning sour, referring to the taste of its mineral waters.

Chiuruș[edit]

The town administers one village, Chiuruș (Hungarian: Csomakőrös). The village has a population of 451 and has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, Covasna has 10,265 inhabitants. It has a Hungarian majority: 7,549 or 66.4%. 3,672 (32.3%) Romanians also live in the town.

Demographic movement according to the censuses:

History[edit]

  • 1567 - First mentioned in a document.
  • 1952 - Covasna became a town.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Covasna is twinned with:

Famous natives[edit]

The famous Hungarian explorer and linguist Sándor Kőrösi Csoma was born in Chiuruș/Csomakőrös in 1784. Kőrösi is widely seen as the founder of Tibetology, he was the compiler and author of the first Tibetan-English dictionary and grammar book. He died in Darjeeling, India in 1842.

A statue in his honour was erected in the centre of the village in 1972 and there is an exhibition in the cultural centre.

References[edit]