Covasna County

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Covasna County
Județul Covasna
Kovászna megye
County
Landscape in the northern part of Covasna County
Landscape in the northern part of Covasna County
Coat of arms of Covasna County
Coat of arms
Covasna in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°54′N 26°02′E / 45.9°N 26.03°E / 45.9; 26.03Coordinates: 45°54′N 26°02′E / 45.9°N 26.03°E / 45.9; 26.03
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Sfântu Gheorghe
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board János Demeter (UDMR)
 • Prefect2 Ervin György
Area
 • Total 3,710 km2 (1,430 sq mi)
Area rank 39th in Romania
Population (2002)
 • Total 222,449
 • Rank 42nd in Romania
 • Density 60/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 52wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x674
Car Plates CV5
GDP US$ 2.1 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,461 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Covasna (Romanian pronunciation: [koˈvasna] ( ), Hungarian: Kovászna, Hungarian pronunciation:[ˈkovaːsnɒ]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Sfântu Gheorghe.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 206,261 and the population density was 55.6/km².

In 2002 the ethnic composition of the county was as follows:

According to the 2011 census, the composition of the county was:

Covasna County has the second-greatest percentage of Hungarian population in Romania, just behind the neighboring county of Harghita. The Hungarians of Covasna are primarily Székelys.

Year County population[3]
1948 Increase 157,166
1956 Increase 172,509
1966 Increase 176,858
1977 Increase 199,017
1992 Increase 232,592
2002 Decrease 222,449
2011 Decrease 206,261

Geography[edit]

Covasna county has a total area of 3,710 km².

The main part of the relief consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group. Most localities can be found in the valleys and depressions located along the different rivers crossing the county. The main river is the Olt River; along its banks lies the capital city Sfântu Gheorghe.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Covasna County has been one of the preferred counties for foreign investments, mainly by Hungarian investors, due to the population profile.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • wood
  • textiles
  • electrical components
  • food and beverages

Tourism[edit]

Mikes-Szentkereszty manor-house of Zagon.

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

Politics[edit]

The Covasna County Assembly has 31 members:

Political Party Number of Seats
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 25
Social Democratic Party 4
Democratic Party 2

Administrative divisions[edit]

Covasna County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 40 communes.

References[edit]

External links[edit]