Coventry (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coventry
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Warwickshire
(West Midlands from 1974)
Major settlements Coventry
1298–1945
Number of members 1298–1885: Two
1885–1945: One
Replaced by Coventry East
Coventry West

Coventry was a borough constituency which was represented in the House of Commons of England and its successors, the House of Commons of Great Britain and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Centred on the City of Coventry in Warwickshire, it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1295 until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when its representation was reduced to one. The Coventry constituency was abolished for the 1945 general election, when it was split into two new constituencies: Coventry East and Coventry West.

Elections were held using the bloc vote system when electing two MPs (until 1885), and then first-past-the-post to elect one MP thereafter.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs before 1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1295 Anketil de Coleshull Richard de Weston [1]
1298 Robert Russell Robert Kelle [1]
1301 Thomas Ballard Lawrence de Schepey [1]
1302 Ralph Tewe John Russell [1]
1305 Henry Bagot Peter Baron [1]
1306 Alexander de Moubray Henry Bagot [1]
1315 Richard de Spicer John de Langley [1]
1346 John de Percy Nicholas de Hunt [1]
1353 Nicholas Michel Richard de Stoke [1]
1354–1449 No representation
1450 Thomas Lyttelton  ? [1]
1453 William Elton  ? [1]
1460 Henry Butler Richard Braytoft [1]
1467 Henry Butler Richard Braytoft [1]
1472 Henry Butler John Wildegryse [1]
1478 Henry Butler John Wildegryse [1]
1485 Sir Robert Onley [1]
1491 Richard Cook John Smith[1]
1495 Henry Marlar [1]
1510-1515 No names known [2]
1523 Ralph Swyllyngton Richard Marlar [2]
1529 Roger Wigston John Bond[2]
1536  ?Roger Wigston  ? [2]
1539 Roger Wigston Baldwin Porter[2]
1542 Roger Wigston, died
and replaced Jan 1544 by
Edward Saunders
Henry Over alias Waver [2]
1545 Christopher Warren Henry Porter [2]
1547 Christopher Warren Henry Porter [2]
1553 (Mar) James Rogers John Talonts [2]
1553 (Oct) John Nethermill Thomas Bond [2]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Keyvet Edward Davenport [2]
1554 (Nov) John Throckmorton John Harford [2]
1555 John Throckmorton Henry Porter [2]
1558 John Throckmorton John Talonts [2]
1558/1559 John Throckmorton John Nethermill [3]
1562/1563 Thomas Dudley Richard Grafton [3]
1571 Henry Goodere Edmund Brownell [3]
1572 Edmund Brownell, died
and replaced Apr 1573 by
Bartholemew Tate
Thomas Wight [3]
1584 (Oct) Edward Boughton Thomas Wight [3]
1586 Thomas Saunders Henry Breres [3]
1588 (Oct) Thomas Saunders Henry Breres [3]
1593 Thomas Saunders John Myles [3]
1597 (Sep) Henry Kervyn Thomas Saunders [3]
1601 (Oct) Henry Breres Thomas Saunders [3]
1604 Henry Breres John Rogerson, taken ill
and replaced by
Sir John Harington, Recorder[1]
1614 Sir Robert Coke Sampson Hopkins [1]
1621 Sampson Hopkins Henry Sewall [1]
1624 Sir Edward Coke Henry Harwell [1]
1626 Henry Harwell Isaac Walden [1]
1628 William Purefoy of Caldecote Richard Green of Wyken [1]
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) William Jesson Simon Norton [1]
1640 (Nov) Simon Norton, died 1641
and replaced by
William Jesson
John Barker
excluded in 1648 in Pride's Purge [1]
1649 John Barker (readmitted 1649) (one seat only)[1]
1653 Coventry not represented in the Barebones Parliament[1]
1654 William Purefoy Robert Beake[1]
1656 William Purefoy Robert Beake
1659 William Purefoy Robert Beake

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1660, March Richard Hopkins Robert Beake
1660, August William Jesson
1661 Sir Clement Fisher, Bt Thomas Flynt
1670 Richard Hopkins
1679, Feb Robert Beake
1679, August John Stratford
1685 Sir Roger Cave, Bt Sir Thomas Norton
1689 John Stratford
1690 Richard Hopkins
1695 George Bohun Thomas Gery
1698 Sir Christopher Hales, Bt Richard Hopkins
1701, Jan Thomas Hopkins
1701, Dec Edward Hopkins
1702 Thomas Gery
1707 Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Bt Edward Hopkins
1710, Oct Robert Craven Thomas Gery
1710, Dec Clobery Bromley
1711 Sir Christopher Hales, Bt
1713 Sir Fulwar Skipwith, Bt
1715 (Sir) Adolphus Oughton[4] Sir Thomas Samwell, Bt
1722[5] John Neale
1734 John Bird
1737, Feb John Neale
1737, Apr Earl of Euston
1741 William Grove
1747, Jun Viscount Petersham
1747, Dec Samuel Greathead
1761 James Hewitt Hon. Andrew Archer
1766 Hon. Henry Seymour-Conway
1768 Sir Richard Glyn, Bt
1773 Walter Waring
1774 Edward Roe Yeo
1780, Feb John Baker Holroyd
1780, Oct Election abandoned due to rioting; both seats vacant
1780, Dec[6] Sir Thomas Hallifax Thomas Rogers
1781 Edward Roe Yeo The Lord Sheffield
1783 Hon. William Seymour-Conway
1784 Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt[7] John Eardley Wilmot
1796 William Wilberforce Bird Nathaniel Jefferys
1802 Francis William Barlow
1803 Peter Moore
1805 William Mills
1812 Joseph Butterworth
1818 Edward Ellice Whig
1826 Richard Edensor Heathcote Thomas Bilcliffe Fyler
1830 Edward Ellice Whig
1831 Henry Bulwer Whig
1835 William Williams Radical
1847 George James Turner Conservative
1851 Charles Geach Whig
1854 Sir Joseph Paxton Liberal
1863 Morgan Treherne Conservative
1865 Henry Eaton Conservative
1867 Henry Jackson Liberal
1868, March Samuel Carter Liberal
1868, November Alexander Staveley Hill Conservative
1874 Sir Henry Jackson, Bt Liberal
1880 William Wills Liberal
1881 Henry Eaton Conservative
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1945[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Henry Eaton Conservative
1887 by-election William Henry Walter Ballantine Liberal
1895 Charles James Murray Conservative
1906 Alfred Edward Woodley Mason Liberal
Jan 1910 John Kenneth Foster Conservative
Dec 1910 David Marshall Mason Liberal
1918 Edward Manville Coalition Conservative
1923 Albert Arthur Purcell Labour
1924 Archibald Boyd-Carpenter Conservative
1929 Philip Noel-Baker Labour
1931 William Strickland Conservative
1945 constituency abolished: see Coventry East & Coventry West

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Coventry[8]

Electorate 13,965

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Edward Woodley Mason 6,554 54.5
Conservative John Kenneth Foster 5,462 45.5
Majority 1,092 9.0
Turnout 86.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910 Coventry[8]

Electorate 16,463

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Kenneth Foster 7,369 50.7 +5.2
Liberal Silas Kitto Hocking 7,153 49.3 -5.2
Majority 216 1.4 10.4
Turnout 88.2 +2.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.2
General Election December 1910 Coventry[8]

Electorate 16,463

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Marshall Mason 7,351 51.8 +2.5
Conservative John Kenneth Foster 6,828 48.2 -2.5
Majority 523 3.6 5.0
Turnout 86.1 -2.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.5

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "British History Online". Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-18. 
  4. ^ Created a baronet, August 1718
  5. ^ The election of 1722 was declared void because of the "notorious and outrageous Riots, Tumults and Seditions ... in Defiance of the Civil Authority, and in Violation of the Freedom of Elections", and a new writ was issued, but the original victors (Oughton and Neale) were returned once more at the by-election.
  6. ^ On petition, the election of Hallifax and Rogers was declared void, and their opponents, Yeo and Seymour-Conway, were declared to have been duly elected and seated in their place
  7. ^ Changed his surname to Eardley, July 1789; created The Lord Eardley (in the Peerage of Ireland, September 1789
  8. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

References[edit]